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Sozak N.,Dr Sami Ulus Maternity And Childrens Research And Education Hospital
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases

The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence, type, and clinical features of nosocomial infections (NIs), their etiological distribution, and the antibiotic resistance patterns of causative organisms in the general pediatric wards of a hospital in Turkey over a 3-year period. The Hospital Infection Control Committee NI surveillance reports were used as a database. NIs were detected in 171 (2.25z) of the 7,594 hospitalized patients. Some of these patients experienced more than 1 episode, and thus, the total NI episodes were 229. Patients' age varied from 1 to 144 months (mean ± standard deviation, 14.5 ± 23.6 months). The NI rate was 3.02z, and the NI density was 3.17/1,000 patient days. The most frequent NIs were lower respiratory system infections, blood stream infections, and urinary tract infections. Gram-negative organisms were the most frequently isolated agents. Of the 171 patients with NIs, 47 (27.5z) died. Source

Yilmaz G.,Ankara University | Ozturk B.,Ankara University | Memikoglu O.,Ankara University | Coskun B.,Ankara University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Infection and Public Health

Q fever has rarely been reported and can be difficult to diagnose, especially in immunocompromised patients. In the present report, we describe an unusual case of Q fever that presented as peritonitis and was treated with long-term combination therapy with doxycycline, ciprofloxacin and rifampicin for five weeks in a patient who had been on peritoneal dialysis for six years due to hypertensive nephropathy. © 2015 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Source

Timur O.M.,Dr Sami Ulus Maternity And Childrens Research And Education Hospital
Türkiye parazitolojii dergisi / Türkiye Parazitoloji Derneǧi = Acta parasitologica Turcica / Turkish Society for Parasitology

A 15-year-old girl, who was evaluated for arthralgia of knees, was diagnosed as having brucellosis by serum agglutination and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay tests. Physical examination of the patient revealed massive hepatomegaly. Abdominal ultrasonography and computerised tomography showed a single large cystic lesion of the liver. The echinococcus indirect haemagglutination was positive at a titre of 1/1280. A giant hydatid cyst was removed with surgical intervention; in addition, she was treated with albendazole and antibrucellosis drug combination with success. Here, an immunocompetent adolescent case with brucellosis and concomitant hydatid cyst disease was reported to emphasise that the coexistence of both entities are infrequent but may occur due to increased prevalence of the diseases. Source

Gayretli Aydin Z.G.,Dr Sami Ulus Maternity And Childrens Research And Education Hospital | Tanir G.,Dr Sami Ulus Maternity And Childrens Research And Education Hospital | Metin O.,Dr Sami Ulus Maternity And Childrens Research And Education Hospital | Aydin Teke T.,Dr Sami Ulus Maternity And Childrens Research And Education Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an acute tick-borne viral zoonotic disease which is endemic in Turkey. Bradycardia has been reported among pediatric and adult patients with CCHF. But, it remains unclear, whether bradycardia is associated with ribavirin treatment or the severity of CCHF. In this study 26 hospitalized CCHF patients were reviewed in terms of age, gender, history of tick bite, duration of hospitalization, presence of bradycardia, laboratory features, ribavirin treatment, and blood products requirement. The demographic, clinical, laboratory and treatment characteristics of CCHF patients with or without bradycardia were compared. The mean age of the patients was 126.42. ±. 48.21 months. There were 8 female and 18 male patients. Sinus bradycardia was noted in 15 patients (mean age was 120.20. ±. 50.59 months, 5 female). Ribavirin had been administered 18 (69.2%) patients and 11 of them had bradycardia. There was not statistically significant relationships between bradycardia and ribavirin treatment (p=. 0.683). Furthermore the occurrence of bradycardia was not associated with disease severity according to Swanepoel severity criteria (p=. 0.683). We concluded that independent of the disease severity and the ribavirin treatment, transient sinus bradycardia might occur during the clinical course of CCHF in pediatric patients. For this reason clinicians should be aware of this finding and all CCHF patients should be monitored closely. © 2014 Elsevier GmbH. Source

Isik O.,Dr Sami Ulus Maternity And Childrens Research And Education Hospital | Disli O.M.,Inonu University | Bas T.,Inonu University | Aydin H.,Dr Sami Ulus Maternity And Childrens Research And Education Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

Objective: Congenital heart diseases are observed in 5 to 8 of every 1000 live births. The presence of a valuable biomarker during the surgical periods may aid the clinician in a more accurate prognosis during treatment. Methods: For this reason, surfactant protein B plasma levels may help to evaluate patients with cardiac problems diminishing the alveolocapillary membrane stability. In this study, plasma levels of this biomarker were measured in the preoperative and postoperative periods. This study was conducted to detect the differences between pulmonary hypertensive and normotensive patients. The differences before and after cardiopulmonary bypass were examined. Results: The differences in cardiopulmonary bypass time, cross-clamp time, inotropic support dose, and duration of intensive care of patients with and without pulmonary hypertensive were found to be statistically significant (P<0.05). The results revealed that this pathophysiological state was related to other variables that were studied. We believe that the differences in preoperative and postoperative SPB levels could be attributed to alveolocapillary membrane damage and alveolar surfactant dysfunction. We found that this pathophysiological condition was significantly associated with postoperative parameters. Conclusion: The findings of the current study showed that surfactant protein B was present in the blood of patients with a congenital heart disease during the preoperative period. Long by-pass times may exert damage to the alveolocapillary membrane in patients with pulmonary hypertension and preoperative heart failure, and it is recommended to keep the option of surfactant therapy in mind during the postoperative course at the intensive care unit before preparing the patients for extubation. Source

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