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Santa Clara, CA, United States

Fanconi Anemia, an autosomal recessive disorder, is characterized by chromosomal abnormality leading to birth defects, progressive bone marrow failure, and a high probability of developing malignancy at an early age. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and myeloid leukemia are the major causes of cancer related morbidity and mortality in Fanconi anemia patients. We investigated the effect of a nutrient mixture on Fanconi Anemia human fibroblast cell lines FA-A:PD20 and FA-A:PD220 on matrix metalloproteinase expression, invasion, cell proliferation, morphology and apoptosis. The cell lines were grown in a modified Dulbecco's Eagle medium and at near confluence were treated with the nutrient mixture at increasing doses: 0; 10; 50; 100; 500; 1000 μg/ml. The cells were also treated with PMA to induce MMP-9 expression. Zymography demonstrated MMP-2 and PMA-induced MMP-9 activity. The nutrient mixture inhibited expression of both, MMP-2 and MMP-9, in a dose dependent manner with virtually total inhibition observed at 500 μg/ml. Matrigel invasion was inhibited in both cells lines; with 100% inhibition for FA-A:PD20 at 500 μg/ml and 100% inhibition of FA-A:P220 cells at 100 μg/ml. H&E staining did not indicate any change in cell morphology and causes apoptosis at higher doses. Our data demonstrated that the nutrient mixture inhibited matrix metalloproteinase expression, invasion and induced apoptosis, the important parameters for cancer prevention. The results suggest that the nutrient mixture may have therapeutic potential in Fanconi Anemia associated neoplasia. Source


Harakeh S.,Dr Rath Research Institute | Abdel-Massih R.M.,University of Balamand | Gil P.R.,University of Marburg | Sperling R.A.,University of Marburg | And 5 more authors.
Nanotoxicology | Year: 2010

The role of PEG-coated gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) on the anti-proliferative effect of Specific Nutrient Synergy (SNS) on HTLV-1 infected (C91-PL and HuT-102) and non-infected (CEM and Jurkat) malignant T-lymphocytes cells, was investigated. When PEG-coated Au NPs (of different molecular weights) were added alone, there was no effect on either viability or proliferation of the leukemic cell lines studied. Treatment of cells with SNS and PEG (5 or 10 kDa) coated Au NP reduced significantly the proliferation in all cell lines tested; this reached more than 50% reduction as compared to the control for cells treated for 96 h. Data showed that the best anti-proliferative effect was obtained using SNS and Au NP coated with PEG of molecular weights of 5 and 10 kDa with almost no effect of PEG of lower molecular weights (0.75 and 2 kDa) or higher ones (20 kDa). This was true as well for HTLV-1 infected as for non-infected malignant T-lymphocytes. Electron microscopy results showed uptake of the gold particles to Jurkat cells. All described effects are specific to leukemia cell lines, and no effects were observed with freshly activated human mononuclear lymphocytes as control. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd. Source


Wong A.P.,Natural Harmony | Kalinovsky T.,Dr Rath Research Institute | Niedzwiecki A.,Dr Rath Research Institute | Rath M.,Dr Rath Research Institute
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2015

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by thickened, silvery-scaled patches. There is currently no cure and treatments only attempt to reduce the severity of symptoms. This study reports the case of a 36-year-old female who presented to the clinic with severe psoriasis and had been treated with topical steroid cream for the past 14 years. After adherence to prescribed dietary changes for 6 months, including abundant intake of vegetables, minimal consumption of meat, and avoidance of junk food and sugar in food or drinks, as well as nutritional supplementation with Vitacor Plus, ProLysinC, VitaCforte and LysinC Drink mix, the patient experienced complete resolution of psoriatic patches on her body. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved. Source


Harakeh S.,King Abdulaziz University | Abou-Khouzam R.,Lebanese University | Damanhouri G.A.,King Abdulaziz University | Al-Hejin A.,King Abdulaziz University | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2014

Experimental and clinical studies have revealed the effectiveness of a specific nutrient synergy (SNS) mixture composed of ascorbic acid (AA), lysine, proline, arginine, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and other micronutrients in targeting crucial physiological mechanisms involved in cancer progression and metastasis. HTLV-1 causes adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). The spread and metastases of ATL as well as other tumors has been associated with matrix metalloproteinases, especially the gelatinases MMP-2 and MMP-9. The objective of this study was to investigate whether SNS, AA and EGCG affects the gelatinolytic activity of MMP-2 and its transcriptional and translational levels in HTLV-1-positive and -negative malignant T-cells. The results indicated that SNS and EGCG caused a dose-dependent decline in the activity, transcription and translation of MMP-2 after treatment with SNS and EGCG, while AA was only able to inhibit the activity at maximum doses tested and to some extent, the protein expression levels of MMP-2, without affecting their transcriptional levels. The highest activity was noted in the case of SNS which is likely to be due to a synergistic effect of the different constituents in the formulation. These results point towards the potential integration of SNS in the anti-invasive treatment of ATL and related diseases. Source


Roomi M.W.,Dr Rath Research Institute | Kalinovsky T.,Dr Rath Research Institute | Rath M.,Dr Rath Research Institute | Niedzwiecki A.,Dr Rath Research Institute
Oncology Letters | Year: 2015

Increasing experimental and clinical data has identified an association between increased levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and shortened patient survival, cancer progression and metastasis. MMP-9 has a significant role in tumor cell invasion and metastasis, as it digests the basement membrane and components of the extracellular matrix. MMP-9 is secreted in either a monomeric or dimeric form. Although limited evidence exists concerning MMP-9 dimers, certain studies have demonstrated that the dimer is associated with aggressive tumor progression. This is believed to be due to the fact that cellular migration depends upon the MMP-9 dimer, and not the monomer. Our previous study revealed that cancer cell MMP-9 dimer secretion patterns could be divided into different categories, and that high MMP-9 and MMP-9 dimer secretion levels were correlated with the most aggressive cancer cell lines. It has been established that signal transduction pathways and cytokines, including those activated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), regulate the expression of MMPs. The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression patterns of MMP-2, MMP-9 and MMP-9 dimer in normal human cells from a number of tissues treated with PMA. Muscle, epithelial and connective tissues were selected for use in the present study, since adenosarcomas, carcinomas and sarcomas are derived from these tissue types, respectively. The cell lines were first cultured in 24-well tissue culture plates containing recommended media that was supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and antibiotics. When at confluency, the cells were washed and fresh medium was added. In addition, a parallel set of cultures was treated with PMA. Subsequent to a 24-h incubation period, the media were collected and analyzed using gelatinase zymography for the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 monomer and dimer forms. The results revealed that the cellular expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was dependent upon the primary tissue subtype. All cell lines, regardless of tissue origin, expressed MMP-2. PMA induced the expression of MMP-9 in muscle tissue, glandular epithelia and supportive connective tissue cell lines. By contrast, cell lines of endothelial origin and proper connective tissue were insensitive to treatment with PMA. MMP-9 dimer secretion was not observed in any of the cell lines, which indicated that cellular migration is not supported by these cells. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All Rights Reserved. Source

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