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Sagar, India

Dr. Hari Singh Gour University , formerly and more popularly known as Sagar University or University of Saugor, is a Central University in the city of Sagar, the state of Madhya Pradesh or , India. It was formerly named "Sagar University" when founded on 18 July 1946, during the British Raj. In February 1983 the name was changed to that of Sir Hari Singh Gour, the University's Founder, by the State Government. It is the oldest university in Madhya Pradesh. Wikipedia.

Marti-Centelles V.,Jaume I University | Pandey M.D.,Jaume I University | Pandey M.D.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Burguete M.I.,Jaume I University | Luis S.V.,Jaume I University
Chemical Reviews

The success of a given macrocyclization reaction involves a very delicate balance of many different factors. First, a proper understanding of the basic thermodynamic and kinetic concepts underlying these processes is essential in defining the strategies to obtain the targeted cyclic structures and the experimental elements to be optimized. essential element for achieving high yields in a macrocyclization process is the appropriate selection of the disconnection site. This defines the reaction used for the key step, which will clearly affect the overall process, but also delineates the nature and structure of the immediate linear precursor. The presence of structural elements, including configurational elements, able to induce a favorable folding of this linear precursor in such a way that both reactive ends approach with the proper orientation provides significant enhancements in macrocyclizations. The use of templates of very different natures is a versatile strategy to overcome the limitations of the other macrocyclization strategies. The use of templates has allowed the preparation of a variety of macrocyclic structures in better yields and usually in shorter reaction times, and often allows easier purification protocols. Source

Yadav R.S.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Tiwari N.K.,University of Lucknow
Molecular Neurobiology

Various types of lipids and their metabolic products associated with the biological membrane play a crucial role in signal transduction, modulation, and activation of receptors and as precursors of bioactive lipid mediators. Dysfunction in the lipid homeostasis in the brain could be a risk factor for the many types of neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. These neurodegenerative disorders are marked by extensive neuronal apoptosis, gliosis, and alteration in the differentiation, proliferation, and development of neurons. Sphingomyelin, a constituent of plasma membrane, as well as its primary metabolite ceramide acts as a potential lipid second messenger molecule linked with the modulation of various cellular signaling pathways. Excessive production of reactive oxygen species associated with enhanced oxidative stress has been implicated with these molecules and involved in the regulation of a variety of different neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disorders. Studies have shown that alterations in the levels of plasma lipid/cholesterol concentration may result to neurodegenerative diseases. Alteration in the levels of inflammatory cytokines and mediators in the brain has also been found to be implicated in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases. Although several mechanisms involved in neuronal apoptosis have been described, the molecular mechanisms underlying the correlation between lipid metabolism and the neurological deficits are not clearly understood. In the present review, an attempt has been made to provide detailed information about the association of lipids in neurodegeneration especially in Alzheimer’s disease. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Bagre A.P.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University
International journal of pharmaceutics

The objective of present research work was to develop alginate coated chitosan core shell nanoparticles (Alg-CS-NPs) for oral delivery of low molecular weight heparin, enoxaparin. Chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs) were synthesized by ionic gelation of chitosan using sodium tripolyphosphate. Core shell nanoparticles were prepared by coating CS-NPs with alginate solution under mild agitation. The Alg-CS-NPs were characterized for surface morphology, surface coating, particle size, polydispersity index, zeta potential, drug loading and entrapment efficiency using SEM, Zeta-sizer, FTIR and DSC techniques. Alginate coating increased the size of optimized chitosan nanoparticles from around 213 nm to about 335 nm as measured by dynamic light scattering in zeta sizer and further confirmed by SEM analysis. The performance of optimized enoxaparin loaded Alg-CS-NPs was evaluated by in vitro drug release studies, in vitro permeation study across intestinal epithelium, in vivo venous thrombosis model, particulate uptake by intestinal epithelium using fluorescence microscopy and pharmacokinetic studies in rats. Coating of alginate over the CS-NPs improved the release profile of enoxaparin from the nanoparticles for successful oral delivery. In vitro permeation studies elucidated that more than 75% enoxaparin permeated across the intestinal epithelium with Alg-CS-NPs. The Alg-CS-NPs significantly increased (p<0.05) the oral bioavailability of enoxaparin in comparison to plain enoxaparin solution as revealed by threefold increase in AUC of plasma drug concentration time curve and around 60% reduction in thrombus formation in rat venous thrombosis model. The core shell Alg-CS-NPs showed promising potential for oral delivery and significantly enhanced the in vivo oral absorption of enoxaparin. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Kesharwani P.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Tekade R.K.,University of Hawaii at Hilo | Jain N.K.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University

Dendrimer-mediated delivery of bioactive is a successful and widely explored concept. This paper desribes comparative data pertaining to generation dependent cancer targeting propensity of Poly(propyleneimine) (PPI) dendrimers. This debut report reportsthe drug targeting and antciancer potential of different dendrimer generations. PPI dendrimers of different generations (3.0G, 4.0G and 5.0G) were synthesized and loaded with Melphalan. Results from loading, hemolysis, hematologic, cytotoxicty and flow cytometry assay depicted that as the generation of dendrimer increased from fourth to fifth, the only parameter i.e. toxicty is increased exponentionally. However, others parameters, i.e. loading, sustained release behavior, and targeting efficacy increased negligibly. Kaplan-Meier survival curves clearly depicted comparable therapeutic potential of PPI4M with PPI5M. Invivo investigations in Balb/c mice again favored 4.0G PPI dendrimer to be preferable nanocarrier for anticancer drug delivery owing to analogous anticancer potential. The outcomes of the investigation evidently projects 4.0G PPI dendrimer over 3.0G and 5.0G dendrimer in respect of its drug delivery benefit as well as superior biocompatibility. Thus, much against the common belief, 4.0G PPI dendrimers may be considered to be optimum in respect of drug delivery precluding the use of much more toxic 5.0G PPI dendrimer, which offers no benefit over 4.0G. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Gupta P.N.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Vyas S.P.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces

In the present investigation hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) encapsulated liposomes were developed and coupled with Ulex europaeus agglutinin 1 (UEA-1) to increase transmucosal uptake by M-cells of the Peyer's patches. The liposomes were characterized for shape, size, polydispersity and encapsulation efficiency. Bovine submaxillary mucin (BSM) was used as a biological model for the in vitro determination of lectin activity and specificity. Dual staining technique was used to investigate targeting of lectinized liposomes to the M-cells. Anti-HBsAg IgG response in serum and anti-HBsAg sIgA level in various mucosal fluids was estimated by using ELISA, following oral immunization with lectinized and non-lectinized liposomes in Balb/c mice. Additionally, interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) level in the spleen homogenates was determined. The results suggest that lectinized liposomes were successfully developed, exhibited increased activity with BSM as compared to non-lectinized liposomes and α-l-fucose specificity of the lectinized liposomes was also maintained. The lectinized liposomes were predominantly targeted to the M-cells. The serum anti-HBsAg IgG titre obtained after 3 consecutive days oral immunizations with HBsAg encapsulated lectinized liposomes and boosting after third week was comparable with the titre recorded after single intramuscular prime and third week boosting with alum-HBsAg. Moreover, lectinized liposomes induced higher sIgA level in mucosal secretions and cytokines level in the spleen homogenates. The results showed that the developed surface modified liposomes could be a potential module for the development of effective mucosal vaccines. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

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