PubMed | Dr Ersin Arslan State Hospital, University of Gaziantep, 25 Aralik State Hospital and Bitlis State Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences | Year: 2016
There are limited published data about the role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In addition, oxidative stress and oxidative DNA damage have not been investigated together in OCD. In this study, we aimed to evaluate oxidative stress and oxidative DNA damage in patients with OCD.Forty-two patients with OCD who were diagnosed in the Psychiatry Clinic of Gaziantep University and 38 healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. Serum 8-hydroxideoxiguanosine (8-OHdG), total antioxidant status, total oxidant status evaluation and oxidative stress index calculation were conducted in Gaziantep University Biochemical Laboratory.There were no significant differences in the total antioxidant status, total oxidant status and oxidative stress index levels between the patients and control group. However, 8-OHdG levels were significantly higher in OCD patients than controls (P=0.022). In addition, 8-OHdG levels were significantly lower in patients who took treatment than in patients who were newly diagnosed (P=0.016).In our study, we found that oxidative DNA damage increased in OCD patients even though oxidative stress was normal. In addition, DNA damage was lower in patients who were treated compared to those without treatment.
PubMed | Intergen, Dr Ersin Arslan State Hospital, Ankara Childrens Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Boston Childrens Hospital and Gazi University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of child neurology | Year: 2016
Childhood leukoencephalopathies are a broad class of diseases, which are extremely rare. The treatment and classification of these disorders are both challenging. Nearly half of children presenting with a leukoencephalopathy remain without a specific diagnosis. Leukoencephalopathy with thalamus and brain stem involvement and high lactate (LTBL) is a newly described childhood leukoencephalopathy caused by mutations in the gene encoding a mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase specific for glutamate, EARS2 Magnetic resonance images show a characteristic leukoencephalopathy with thalamic and brain stem involvement. Here, we report a different clinical course of LTBL supported by typical MRI features in a Turkish patient who presented with a history of failure to walk. The EARS2 gene mutation analysis identified a c.322C>T transition, predicting a p.R108W change. This is the first reported early-onset mild type LTBL caused by a homozygous EARS2 mutation case in the literature.
Akkoca A.N.,Iskenderun State Hospital |
Yank S.,Iskenderun State Hospital |
Ozdemir Z.T.,Bozok University |
Cihan F.G.,University of Konya |
And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2014
Aim: Colon adenocarcinoma, is the most common cancer in gastrointesinal system (GIS). The whole world is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. TNM and modified Dukes classification which has great importance in the diagnosis and treatment of Colorectal cancer (CRC). TNM and Modified Dukes classification results of histopathological examination and the demographic characteristics of patients and their relation were investigated. Materials and methods: Lower gastrointestinal operation results of 85 patients were examined accepted to clinical Pathology between January 1997-November 2013. Colon cancer had been diagnosed at 85 patients with pathology materials and staging was done according to the TNM and Modified Duke classification. The demographic characteristics of patients, differentiation grade, lymph node involvement, serous involvement were evaluated retrospectively. Results: In this study 37 patients (43.52%) were men and 48 (56.47%) were women. Ages of patients were between 19 and 87 with a mean age of 57.31 ± 15.31. Lymph node, differentiation, serosa involvement, Modified Dukes and TNM classification was assessed according to sex and age. TNM classification by sex was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). There was no statistically significant relationship between age and differentiation (p = 0.085). Value of differentiation increased towards from 1 to 3 inversely proportional to age. So young patients defined as well-differentiated at the conclusion. Negative relationship was evaluated between age and TNM Class variables. As a result, the relationship between age and TNM was not significant (p > 0.05). However, with increasing age the degree of staging was also found to increase. TNM classification was associated with the differentiation and it was significant (p = 0.043). Conclusion: Colon cancer, when contracted at an early stage, it is suitable for surgery and curative treatment can be done with minimal morbidity and mortality. However, some of the patients have advanced disease at diagnosis and their 5-year survival rate is only 8%. Every year there is prolongation of overall survival of colon cancer. It is so common cancer type so that determination of prognostic factors, disease staging and treatment strategy which affects survival is significant. © 2014, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. All rights reserved.
Kaplan M.,Medical Park Gaziantep Hospital |
Iyikosker H.T.,Dr Ersin Arslan State Hospital
World Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2012
Background: Primary visceral malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a rare disease, and few cases have been reported in the English literature. However, retained foreign bodies in the abdomen after surgical procedures are important causes of intra-abdominal infections. For legal and ethical reasons, there are few publications in the literature. In this article, we describe for the first time a case of malign abdominal fibrous histiocytoma associated with a surgical sponge forgotten in the abdominal cavity a long time ago.Case presentation: A 64-year-old male presented to our surgical department with cachexia, abdominal pain, distention and pyrexia of unknown origin. He had a medical history of abdominal surgery for peptic ulcer perforation 32 years ago. Clinical examination revealed fever with a distended and painful abdominal wall. Radiological imaging of the abdomen showed multiple heterogeneous masses in one large cystic cavityalmost completely filling the abdomen. The patient underwent a laparotomy, and interestingly, opening the cyst revealed retained surgical gauze (RSG). The origin of the tumor was the visceral peritoneum, and it was excised totally.Conclusions: Primary intra-abdominal MFH can present as a complication of long-lasting RSG. Therefore, clinicians must remember this while establishing the differential diagnosis for patients with a history of previous abdominal surgery and presenting with symptoms associated with both the tumor and systemic inflammatory response. © 2012 Kaplan and Iyikosker; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Balkan F.,Aksaray State Hospital |
Cetin N.,Aksaray State Hospital |
Usluogullari C.A.,Dr Ersin Arslan State Hospital |
Unal O.K.,Aksaray State Hospital |
Usluogullari B.,Cengiz Gokcek State Hospital
Journal of Ovarian Research | Year: 2014
Objective. To evaluate the ovarian reserve function in female patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Methods. This study evaluated 136 subjects, 67 with MetS and 69 controls. Subjects were divided into three age groups. Group I included 49 subjects aged 20-29 years, 22 with MetS and 27 controls; group II included 45 subjects aged 30-39 years, 22 with MetS and 23 controls; and group III included 42 subjects aged 40-49 years, 23 with MetS and 19 controls. Demographic characteristics, anthropometrics, blood biochemistry, and gonadotrophic hormones were compared as total ovarian volume and antral follicle count on ovarian transvaginal ultrasonography. Results: Serum levels of FSH, LH, E2 and progesterone were similar in the MetS and control groups, while testosterone levels were significantly higher in MetS patients than controls, both in the overall population (p = 0.024) and in those aged 20-29 years (p = 0.018). Total ovarian volume was significantly lower in MetS patients than controls, in both the overall population (p = 0.003) and those aged 20-29 years (p = 0.018), while antral follicle counts were similar. Ovarian volume correlated positively with antral follicle count (AFC) (r = 0.37; p < 0.001) and negatively with age (r = 0.34; p < 0.001) and FSH concentration (r = 0.21; p = 0.013). AFC was negatively correlated with age (r = 0.36; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Ovarian reserve function is significantly lower in MetS patients than in healthy control subjects, particularly in women aged 20-29 years. © 2014 Balkan et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Solmaz S.,Sivas Numune Hospital |
Duksal F.,Sivas Numune Hospital |
Ganidagl S.,Dr Ersin Arslan State Hospital
Hematology | Year: 2015
Background: It is widely believed that sleep apnoea syndrome leads to polycythaemia, but the evidence is largely anecdotal. We believe that polycythaemia is not commonly seen in patients with sleep apnoea syndrome. Therefore, we aimed to determine the relationship between polycythaemia and sleep apnoea syndrome. Methods: The study included 335 patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome, all of whom underwent standard nocturnal polysomnography. Results: There were no significant differences in haemoglobin levels or haematocrit (P > 0.05) between the OSA groups in all patients. Of the 335 patients, only 1 male patient with severe OSA (0.3%) had clinically significant polycythaemia. According to regression analysis, there was a weak linear correlation between haemoglobin levels and lowest oxygen saturation levels in female patients (r = −0.242, P= 0.021). Conclusion: We think that OSA is very rarely the reason for secondary polycythaemia. © W. S. Maney & Son Ltd 2015.
Polat N.,Dicle University |
Ardic I.,Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University |
Akkoyun M.,Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University |
Vuruskan E.,Dr Ersin Arslan State Hospital
Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi Arsivi | Year: 2013
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare and uncommon case of sudden cardiac death and acute coronary syndrome. Herein, we present a 13-year-old boy with chest pain who was diagnosed with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction associated with SCAD, possibly caused by the consumption of an energy drink, which has not been reported previously in the pediatric age group. On coronary angiography, the left anterior descending artery showed extensive dissection from the distal part of the vessel. Based on the morphology of the vessel with a dissection and TIMI flow grade III, it was decided to manage this patient conservatively with close follow-up. The aim of this report is to highlight the risks associated with the consumption of caffeinated energy drinks in children. © 2013 Turkish Society of Cardiology.
PubMed | Dr Ersin Arslan State Hospital and Ege University
Type: | Journal: Acta tropica | Year: 2016
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an important public health problem with around 2.000 autochthonous reported cases each year in Turkey. Due to the civil war in Syria, Turkey received around three million refugees and they are mainly located at either camps or homes in south/southeastern part of Turkey. In the present study, we aimed to collect samples from CL suspected patients admitting to State Hospital in Gaziantep City and perform parasitological and DNA-based techniques for diagnosis as well as species identification of the parasite for better understanding the prevalence of each species among Turkish and Syrian patients in the region. The collection of samples was carried out between January 2009 and July 2015. The lesion aspiration samples were taken and stained with Giemsa stain followed by microscopical examination for parasitological diagnosis. After the DNA extraction from Giemsa stained slides, real time and semi-nested PCRs both targeting ITS1 region were performed for molecular diagnosis and species identification. A total of 567 people were admitted to the hospital with the suspicion of CL and 263 (46.4%) of them were found to be positive by parasitological examination. One hundred seventy-four (66.15%), 88 (33.46%) and 1 (0.38%) of them were Turkish, Syrians and Afghan, respectively. Slide samples obtained from 34 CL suspected patients were analyzed by PCR and 20 of them were found positive. Eighteen (13 Turkish and 13 Syrians) of the positive samples were identified as L. tropica, while two (1 Turkish and 1 Syrian) of them were L. infantum. In conclusion, the effects of Syrian civil war on the epidemiology of CL in Gaziantep city is demonstrated in the present study. The use of molecular tool in the diagnosis of leishmaniasis is effective, sensitive and time saving which will enable the species typing. Species typing of the causative agent in endemic areas will bring valuable data to epidemiological knowledge.
PubMed | Gemlik Muammer Agim State Hospital, Dr Ersin Arslan State Hospital and Uludag University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of orthopaedics | Year: 2016
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most frequent chronic joint disease causing pain and disability. Recent reports have shown that statin may have the potential to inhibit osteoarthritis. This study of early stage OA developed in an experimental rabbit model, aimed to evaluate the chondroprotective effects of intraarticularly applied atorvastatin on cartilage tissue macroscopically and histopathologically by examining intracellular and extracellular changes by light and electron microscope.The experimental knee OA model was created by cutting the anterior cruciate ligament of the 20 mature New Zealand rabbits. The rabbits were randomly allocated into two groups of 10.The group that received intraarticular statin therapy;The group that did not receive any intraarticular statin therapy. The control group received an intraarticular administration of saline and the study group atorvastatin from the 1(st) week postoperatively, once a week for 3 weeks. The knee joints were removed including the femoral and tibial joint surfaces for light and electron microscopic studies of articular cartilages.The mean total points obtained from the evaluation of the lesions that developed in the medial femoral condyle were 11.33 0.667 for the control group and 1.5 0.687 for the study group. The mean total points obtained from the evaluation of the lesions that developed in medial tibial plateau cartilage tissue were 11.56 0.709 for the control group and 1.40 0.618 for the study group. Electron microscopic evaluation revealed healthy cartilage tissue with appropriate chondrocyte and matrix structure in study group and impaired cartilage tissue in control group.Chondroprotective effect of statin on cartilage tissue was determined in this experimental OA model evaluated macroscopically and by light and electron microscope. There are some evidences to believe that the chondroprotective effect of the statin is that, by protecting the structure of the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex.
Evaluation of risk factors for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and detection of diagnostic values of galactomannan and PCR methods in bronchoalveolar lavage samples from non-neutropenic intensive care unit patients
PubMed | Dr Ersin Arslan State Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Mikrobiyoloji bulteni | Year: 2016
Non-neutropenic intensive care unit (ICU) patients are at particular risk for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. In these cases, radiological and microbiological methods (direct microscopy, culture), which can be used for diagnosis, have quite low sensitivity and specificity. The aims of this study were to evaluate the risk factors for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in non-neutropenic ICU patients and to determine the diagnostic values of galactomannan (GM) antigen and Aspergillus nucleic acid detection methods. A total of 44 patients (13 female, 31 male; age range: 36-96 years) who had been followed at pulmonary ICU with invasive mechanical ventilation and undergone bronchoscopy between January to December 2013, were included in the study. Consecutive bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and serum samples were obtained from all of the patients. BAL samples were tested for the presence of Aspergillus DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and both serum and BAL samples were tested for GM antigen by EIA method (Platelia Aspergillus, BioRad, France). EORTC/MSG criteria were used for the case definition of IPA. Patients were classified as high-probable IPA, possible IPA and non-IPA. ROC (receiver operating characteristics) analysis was used to determine the diagnostic values of BAL Aspergillus PCR and BAL GM in the diagnosis of IPA. Five patients were defined as high-probable IPA and six were defined as possible IPA; thus the incidence rate of IPA was estimated as 11.4% (5/44) among non-neutropenic intensive care unit patients. In high-probable IPA patients, BAL GM levels were significantly higher than non-IPA patients (p< 0.05). The prolonged duration in ICU, presence of septic shock and the use of high cumulative doses (> 460 mg) of steroid were found to be risk factors for IPA development. The cut-off value for GM in BAL samples was determined as 0.7, with a sensitivity rate of 100% (95% confidence interval: 47.9-100) and a specificity rate of 87.9% (95% confidence interval: 71.7-96.5), so optimal GM level in BAL was considered as 0.7 for the diagnosis of IPA. The specificity rates of serum GM and BAL Aspergillus PCR methods were high (97.1% and 93.9%, respectively), however their sensitivity rates were found quite low (33.3% and 40%, respectively), in the diagnosis of IPA. In conclusion, development of IPA should be assessed in non-neutropenic patients when the stay in ICU extends and high dose cumulative steroids are used. GM antigen detection in BAL can be used effectively for diagnosis of IPA in these patients compared to other diagnostic methods.