Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College
Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College
Sayed A.A.H.,MGM Medical College |
Shaikh S.T.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College |
Moizuddin K.M.,MGM Medical College |
Surdi A.D.,Dr Vmg Medical College
Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal | Year: 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to know the effect of cigarette smoking and tobacco chewing on cardiac status and lipid profile in young asymptomatic adults and to compare the findings with socioeconomically and age matched controls. Also we compared the cardiac status and lipid profile between smokers and tobacco chewers. Method: Cardiac status parameters like Systolic BP (Blood Pressure), Diastolic BP, Mean BP and Lipid profile parameters like HDL, LDL, VLDL, Triglycerides and Total cholesterol were studied on 30 young asymptomatic smokers, 30 young tobacco chewers and 30 nonsmokers and non tobacco chewers. Results: The means of our studied parameters SBP, DBP, MAP, HDL, LDL, VLDL, Triglycerides and Total Cholesterol in smokers are 135.4 mmHg, 85.3 mm Hg, 102 mmHg, 29.4mg/dl, 161.8 mg/dl, 33.6 mg/dl, 167.8 mg/dl and 224.8 mg/dl respectively. For the tobacco chewers the means for above parameters respectively are 135.7 mmHg, 83.1 mm Hg, 100.6 mmHg, 31.7mg/dl, 158.9 mg/dl, 33.5 mg/dl, 167.6 mg/dl and 224.1 mg/dl and for the non smoker non tobacco chewers the means are 127.1 mmHg, 81.1 mm Hg, 97 mmHg, 41.2mg/dl, 112.6 mg/dl, 21.6 mg/dl, 107.9 mg/dl and 175.4 mg/dl respectively. Conclusion: The young asymptomatic smokers and tobacco chewers had consistently higher blood pressure values and higher lipid profile values except for HDL levels which were lower as compared to the non smokers and non tobacco chewers. The smokers showed relatively more adverse effect on cardiac status and lipid profile when compared to tobacco chewers.
Sulaxane Y.D.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College |
Bhavasar R.P.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology | Year: 2017
Background: Change in height of the limb not only increases the length of nerve but also causes gradual tapering of nerve with decrease in fiber diameter and myelination. Aim and Objectives: To study the correlation of height with the nerve conduction study (NCS) variables, i. e., latency, duration, amplitude, and conduction velocity of sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) of the sensory nerves of the upper and lower limbs. Materials and Methods: This is cross-sectional study including 37 participants. After taking consent their age, sex, height, weight, and body mass index were noted. NCS test was carried out for median, ulnar, and sural sensory nerves. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was calculated. P < 0.05 (*) means difference is statistically significant while P < 0.01 (**) is highly significant difference. Results: Height showed a significant positive correlation with the SNAP latencies of all the sensory nerves: Median sensory (r = 0.704, P < 0.01), ulnar sensory (r = 0.350, P < 0.05), and sural (r = 0.392, P < 0.05). The SNAP duration and amplitude of ulnar and median sensory nerve were negatively correlated with height while that of sural sensory nerve showed insignificant positive correlation with height. However, a significant negative correlation was seen with the SNAP conduction velocity of median sensory (r = −0.740, P < 0.01) and sural sensory (r = −0.701, P < 0.01) nerve. For ulnar sensory nerve, correlation of height and conduction velocity (r = −0.220) was negative but not statistically significant. Overall, height had an inverse correlation with conduction velocity and positive correlation with latency of SNAP. Conclusion: Clinical recognition of this height effect is important as one should not label an individual with mild increase/decrease in peripheral nerve conduction velocity as abnormal which may be solely related to height. © 2017, Mr Bhawani Singh. All rights reserved.
Sahni A.K.,Armed Forces Medical College |
Nagendra A.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College |
Roy P.,Armed Forces Medical College |
Patrikar S.,Armed Forces Medical College
Medical Journal Armed Forces India | Year: 2014
Background: Standard HIV testing is done using serum or plasma. FDA approved ELISA to screen urine for IgG antibodies to HIV-1 in 1996. It is a simple, noninvasive test and is appropriate for developing countries where health care personnel may not be professionally trained or where clean needles for drawing blood may not always be available. Methods: 436 individuals with high-risk behavior and strong clinical suspicion of HIV infection were screened for IgG antibodies to HIV-1 in urine by ELISA. Urine HIV testing was performed by enzyme immunoassay, at the ongoing Voluntary Confidential Counseling and Testing Center (VCCTC) at a large tertiary care microbiology lab. The individuals enrolled for the study had high-risk exposure to the virus and majorities were from a state with a high incidence of HIV infection. In all individuals, both serum and urine were tested for IgG antibodies to HIV-1. Results: Overall, 135 individuals (30.96%) were HIV-positive, of whom 96 (71%) had never previously tested positive; 87% of those who tested positive received their results, and most were referred for medical care. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of HIV-1 urine ELISA test kit were determined. Sensitivity was found to be 89.6%; 95% CI [82.9e94.0], specificity 97.3%; 95% CI [94.6e98.8], positive predictive value 93.8%; 95% CI [87.8e97.1] and negative predictive value 95.4%; 95% CI [92.3e97.4]. Conclusion: Efficiency, sensitivity, and specificity of the urine-based screening for HIV-1 test kits were excellent as compared to the reference test. © 2013, Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS). All rights reserved.
PubMed | Armed Forces Medical College and Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical journal, Armed Forces India | Year: 2014
Standard HIV testing is done using serum or plasma. FDA approved ELISA to screen urine for IgG antibodies to HIV-1 in 1996. It is a simple, noninvasive test and is appropriate for developing countries where health care personnel may not be professionally trained or where clean needles for drawing blood may not always be available.436 individuals with high-risk behavior and strong clinical suspicion of HIV infection were screened for IgG antibodies to HIV-1 in urine by ELISA. Urine HIV testing was performed by enzyme immunoassay, at the ongoing Voluntary Confidential Counseling and Testing Center (VCCTC) at a large tertiary care microbiology lab. The individuals enrolled for the study had high-risk exposure to the virus and majorities were from a state with a high incidence of HIV infection. In all individuals, both serum and urine were tested for IgG antibodies to HIV-1.Overall, 135 individuals (30.96%) were HIV-positive, of whom 96 (71%) had never previously tested positive; 87% of those who tested positive received their results, and most were referred for medical care. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of HIV-1 urine ELISA test kit were determined. Sensitivity was found to be 89.6%; 95% CI [82.9-94.0], specificity 97.3%; 95% CI [94.6-98.8], positive predictive value 93.8%; 95% CI [87.8-97.1] and negative predictive value 95.4%; 95% CI [92.3-97.4].Efficiency, sensitivity, and specificity of the urine-based screening for HIV-1 test kits were excellent as compared to the reference test.
Raghuwanshi U.,B J Medical College |
Choudhari S.C.,Government Medical College |
Patil R.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2012
Oral cancer is the most common malignancies in India accounting 30-40% of all cancers.13 Free-radical induced damage is an important factor in oral carcinoma. Antioxidants, particularly vitamin C, have been shown to inhibit both initiation & promotion in carcinogenesis & counteract cell immortalization & transformation. Lipid peroxidation byproducts formed under physiological & pathological conditions are also scavenged by such non-enzymatic antioxidants.9 Though several studies have been made which attempt to evaluate the levels of vitamin C, only a few are available w r t different grades of oral cancer. This aspect is studied in present work. Tobacco is a known risk factor in progression of this disease. The oral cancer model has therefore become an ideal model for studies on antioxidant levels because tobacco consumption exposes the oral epithelium to toxic oxygen & nitrogen free radicals that can affect host antioxidant defense mechanisms with non-enzymatic antioxidants like vitamin C. Thirty healthy subjects & histopathologically-diagnosed patients (n = 30) of oral squamous cell carcinoma [grade I & grade II] were included. Serum vitamin C levels were estimated by method of Ayekyaw (1978).1 Vitamin C levels showed a highly significant decrease in oral cancer patients w r t to control group which concluded an inverse relationship with the severity of disease (p<0.001). Similar results were obtained when grade I & II patients were compared with control (p<0.001). Though all patients were tobacco chewers & showed a decreasing trend in vitamin level, gutkha chewers showed much lower levels as compared to pan chewers (p < 0.001 Vs control). Therapeutic measures to increase antioxidants, particularly vitamin C, are warranted for effective control. Measurement of vitamin C in circulation of oral cancer patients may be a useful index in assessing the tumor grades of patients. In conclusion, a decrease in vitamin C & long-term inflammation caused by smokeless tobacco, particularly gutkha, may be regarded as risk factors for oral carcinogenesis.
Nagoba B.S.,YC Rural Hospital |
Gandhi R.C.,YC Rural Hospital |
Gandhi R.C.,Gandhi Hospital |
Wadher B.J.,Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University |
And 3 more authors.
International Wound Journal | Year: 2010
Necrotizing fasciitis is a destructive invasive infection of skin, subcutaneous tissue and deep fascia, with relative sparing of muscle. It is a life-threatening condition. Here we report two cases of necrotizing fasciitis, which were not responding to conventional antibiotic therapy and local wound care after aggressive debridement. These two cases were treated simply by local application of 3% citric acid. Thus, citric acid was used to compliment wound management following surgical treatment with antibiotics. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd and Medicalhelplines.com Inc.
Kiswani K.,M.D.S. |
Patil R.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2011
The present study on decalcification includes following aims & objectives: 1) To compare the efficacy of modified 5% EDTA solution (neutralized with 2% ammonium hydroxide) with routinely used 5% HNO 3 & 5% formic acid as decalcifying agents. 2) To quantitatively evaluate the optimum end-point with each of the above decalcifying agents & the total time required for decalcification. 3) To recommend the best decalcifying agent and determine its optimum end-point. Total 90 samples were selected randomly from different patients, divided in slots of 30, with age group 13-20 years, independent of sex. Modified EDTA solution (neutralized with 2% ammonium hydroxide instead of sodium hydroxide) was found to be the most effective decalcifying agents as compared to 5% HNO 3 & 5% HCOOH. The decalcification time was considerably reduced (33-35 days). 5% nitric acid was faster in its action (11-12 days) while 5% formic acid was the intermediate one (16-18 days). The choice of decalcifying agent & method preferably should be largely dictated by the urgency of procedure i.e. whether biopsy report is awaited by the surgeon or purpose of study, time, & equipment available, etc. The method of end-point determination described in the study is a tool for quantitative evaluation of decalcification methods & an objective assessment of the methods and/or tissue-specific factors. Decalcification of teeth is not dependent on the sex of patient, arch trait, & type trait.
Santosh Kotgire A.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College |
Nilima T.,Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012
Background and Objective: The identification of microorganisms which cause ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is important for formulating appropriate therapies. In this study, we have reported the incidence of VAP and the prevalence of multidrug resistant (MDR) microorganisms from patients who were diagnosed with VAP in our medical-surgical intensive care unit during the period from August 07 to May 08. Material and Methods: Patients who were on mechanical ventilation for more than 48hrs and in whom ventilator associated pneumonia was suspected, when a new and persistent pulmonary infiltrate appeared on the chest radiograph and who had at-least two of the following criteriae, were included in the study: 1. Fever ≥38 °C or hypothermia ≤36 °C 2. WBC count ≥ 10000mm3 or ≤ 4000 mm3 and 3. Purulent tracheal secretion. Results: The incidence of VAP in our hospital setting was found to be 45% and the most frequently isolated pathogens were Pseudomonas spp, Staphylococcus aureus and members of the family, Enterobacteriacae. Of the 73 isolates which were studied, 36 were found to be MDR Conclusion: In conclusion, the incidence of VAP and the prevalence of multidrug resistant microorganisms were quite high in our ICU setup. A local surveillance program at each centre is essential, as the knowledge of local resistant patterns is vital for selecting the appropriate agents for treating infections.
Patil R.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College |
Raghuwanshi U.,Maharashtra University of Health Sciences
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2010
Abnormal liver biochemistries are a frequent feature of HIV disease. Analysis of liver-associated enzymes may help focus the diagnostic workup. The present study attempts to assess the following - 1) To study whether the liver functions are deranged in HIV positive patients by estimating the serum AST & ALT levels. 2) Whether or not aminotransferases can be used as a diagnostic & prognostic tool. The mean ± SD serum AST & ALT in control group was demonstrated tobe 22.15 ± 2.67 IU/L & 17.85 ± 1.84 IU/L which was found to be increased to 95.85 ± 26.9 IU/L (p<0.001) & 85.67 ± 28.56 IU/L (p<0.001) in HIV positive patients. The increase was found to be statistically highly significant. It could be concluded that the liver function tests are deranged in HIV positive patients as compared to control. The deranged serum AST & ALT levels may identify patients requiring further investigations, thus can be used as a diagnostic & prognostic tool.
Ingle S.S.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College
World Journal of Laparoscopic Surgery | Year: 2013
Background: Worldwide about 782,000 people are diagnosed with colorectal cancer each year. Colorectal cancer is the third leading diagnosed cancer in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. Surgery is the primary treatment modality in colorectal cancer. The laparoscopic approach to colectomy is slowly gaining acceptance for the management of colorectal pathology. The cost-effectiveness and long-term outcomes with laparoscopic colectomy (LAC) for malignancy are less well accepted. This review article was aimed to compare laparoscopic with open anterior resection and ascertain the therapeutic benefit, if any, in the overall management rectal cancer.