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Yildiz B.K.,Yozgat State Hospital | Demirci U.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Training And Research Hospital | Baykara M.,Sakarya University | Buyukberber S.,Gazi University | And 2 more authors.
Optometry and Vision Science | Year: 2015

Purpose. To evaluate the morphological and functional short-term effects of systemic bevacizumab on healthy eyes of cancer patients morphologically and functionally. Methods. The patients who underwent a chemotherapy regimen because of colon, lung, and breast cancer at the Department of Medical Oncology of the Gazi University School of Medicine between years 2010 and 2012 were included. All patients were administrated intravenous bevacizumab in three different dosages (5, 7.5, and 15 mg/kg per day) at 2- or 3-week intervals and a total of 6 to 18 courses in addition to regimens based on 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan. After baseline ophthalmologic examination, patients were examined after the first course of chemotherapy and at the end of the protocol. Ophthalmologic evaluations included best-corrected visual acuity, color vision assessment, and ocular examinations with optical coherence tomography. Results. Thirty-four eyes of 17 patients were enrolled. The mean (TSD) age of the patients was 53.64 (T11.09) years and median follow-up time was 9 months (range, 4 to 18 months). Seventy-six percent of the patients were diagnosed as having colon cancer and no significant change was identified in functional assessments such as best-corrected visual acuity or color vision or in morphological examinations with optical coherence tomography (central foveal thickness and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness parameters). Patients were divided into three groups based on the dosage of systemic bevacizumab infusions, and correlation between time-dependent changes in central foveal thickness, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, and bevacizumab dosage was investigated and no significant correlation was detected. Conclusions. Repeated doses of systemic bevacizumab did not cause a deleterious effect on healthy eyes of cancer patients clinically, but further studies including histologic and biochemical analysis need to be conducted to reveal possible adverse effects. (Optom Vis Sci 2015;92:102Y106). Copyright © American Academy of Optometry. Copyright © 2014 American Academy of Optometry.


Unal O.U.,Atatürk University | Oztop I.,Dokuz Eylül University | Assoc T.K.,Duzce Training and Research Hospital | Turan N.,Gazi University | And 11 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014

Background: Biliary tract cancers are rare, and surgical resection is the standard treatment at early stages. However, reports on the benefits of adjuvant treatment following surgical resection are conflicting. This study aimed to evaluate the factors affecting survival and adjuvant treatments in patients with surgically treated biliary tract cancers. Materials and Methods: Patient clinical features, adjuvant treatments, and efficacy and prognostic factor data were evaluated. Survival analyses were performed using SPSS 15.0. Results: The median overall survival was 30.7 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 18.4-42.9 months). Median survival was 19 months (95% CI, 6-33) for patients treated with fluorouracil based chemotherapy and 53 months (95% CI, 33.2-78.8) with gemcitabine based chemotherapy(p = 0.033). On univariate analysis, poor prognostic factors for survival were galbladder localization, perineural invasion, hepatic invasion, a lack of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy treatment, and a lack of lymph node dissection. On multivariate analysis, perineural invasion was a poor prognostic factor (p = 0.008). Conclusions: Biliary tract cancers generally have poor prognoses. The main factors affecting survival are tumour localization, perineural invasion, hepatic invasion, adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, and lymph node dissection. Gemcitabine-based adjuvant chemotherapy is more effective than 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy.


Cetin B.,Gazi University | Benekli M.,Gazi University | Oksuzoglu B.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Training And Research Hospital | Koral L.,Selcuk University | And 14 more authors.
Onkologie | Year: 2012

Background: We investigated the clinical outcome of patients with brain metastases (BMs) from human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) metastatic breast cancer (MBC) treated with lapatinib and capecitabine (LC). Patients and Methods: A total of 203 patients with HER2+ MBC, who had progressed after trastuzumab-containing chemotherapy, were retrospectively evaluated in 11 centers between September 2009 and May 2011. 85 patients who had developed BMs before the initiation of treatment with LC were included. All patients had received prior cranial radiotherapy. All patients were treated with the combination of lapatinib (1,250 mg/day continuously) and capecitabine (2,000 mg/m2 on days 1-14 of a 21-day cycle). Results: The median follow-up was 10.5 months (range 1-38 months). An overall response rate of 27.1% was achieved, including complete response in 2 (2.4%) and partial response in 21 (24.7%) patients. Median progression-free survival was 7 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 5-9), with a median overall survival of 13 months (95% Cl 9-17). The most common side effects were hand-foot syndrome (58.8%), nausea (55.3%), fatigue (48.9%), anorexia (45.9%), rash (36.5%), and diarrhea (35.4%). Grade 3-4 toxicities were hand-foot syndrome (9.4%), diarrhea (8.3%), fatigue (5.9%), and rash (4.7%). There were no symptomatic cardiac events. Conclusion: LC combination therapy was effective and well-tolerated in patients with HER2+ MBC with BMs, who had progressive disease after trastuzumab-containing therapy. © 2012 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.


Gumusay O.,Gazi University | Coskun U.,Gazi University | Akman T.,BalIkesir State Hospital | Ekinci A.S.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Training And Research Hospital | And 18 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2014

Background: The development of brain metastases (BMs) was associated with poor prognosis in melanoma patients. Patients with BMs have a median survival of <6 months. Melanoma is the third most common tumor to metastasize to the brain with a reported incidence of 10-40 %. Our aim was to identify factors predicting development of BMs and survival. Patients and methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 470 melanoma patients between 2000 and 2012. The logistic regression analyses were used to identify the clinicopathological features of primary melanoma that are predictive of BMs development and survival after a diagnosis of brain metastases. Results: There were 52 patients (11.1 %) who developed melanoma BMs during the study period. The analysis of post-BMs with Kaplan-Meier curves has resulted in a median survival rate of 4.1 months (range 2.9-5.1 months). On logistic regression analysis site of the primary tumor on the head and neck (p = 0.002), primary tumor thickness (Breslow >4 mm) (p = 0.008), ulceration (p = 0.007), and pathologically N2 and N3 diseases (p = 0.001) were found to be significantly associated with the development of BMs. In univariate analysis, tumor thickness and performance status had a significant influence on post-BMs survival. In multivariate analysis, these clinicopathologic factors were not remained as significant predictive factors. Conclusions: Our results revealed the importance of primary tumor characteristics associated with the development of BMs. Ulceration, primary tumor thickness, anatomic site, and pathologic ≥N2 disease were found to be significant predictors of BMs development. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Cetin B.,Gazi University | Benekli M.,Gazi University | Dane F.,Marmara University | Boruban C.,Selcuk University | And 7 more authors.
Breast Care | Year: 2013

Background: The efficacy and safety of the lapatinib and capecitabine combination remain elusive in elderly patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), who progress after trastuzumab-based therapy. Patients and Methods: A total of 26 patients with HER2-positive MBC were included in this retrospective multicenter study. Median age was 69 years (range 65-82 years). All patients were treated with the combination of lapatinib (1,250 mg/day, continuously) and capecitabine (2,000 mg/m2 on days 1-14 of a 21-day cycle). Data on demographics, clinical outcome, and toxicity were collected for descriptive analyses. Results: The median follow-up was 10 months (range 2-31 months). An overall response rate of 33.4% was achieved, including 1 complete response (3.8%), and 8 partial responses (30.8%). Median progression-free survival was 7 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 5-8), and the median overall survival was 15 months (95% CI 11-19). Most common side effects were fatigue (53.8%), diarrhea (46%), vomiting (36.3%), hand-foot syndrome (34.5%), and anorexia (34.6%). Grade 3-4 toxicities were identified as hand-foot syndrome (3.8%), diarrhea (7.6%), and fatigue (11.5%). There were no symptomatic cardiac events. Conclusion: Lapatinib and capecitabine combination therapy was effective and well tolerated in elderly patients with MBC, who had progressive disease after trastuzumab-based therapy. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Unal O.U.,Atatürk University | Oztop I.,Dokuz Eylül University | Yazici O.,Numune Training and Research Hospital | Ozatli T.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Training And Research Hospital | And 11 more authors.
Oncology Research and Treatment | Year: 2014

Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with primary peritoneal carcinoma (PPC), and the effectiveness and toxicity of first-line platinum/taxane combination therapy. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 79 patients with PPC, who were treated and followed up between December 2001 and August 2012 at 10 medical oncology clinics. Results: All patients were female, with a median age of 63 years (range 34-79 years). Histopathological diagnoses included primary peritoneal serous carcinoma (PPSC) (n = 69) and mixed epithelial carcinoma of the peritoneum (MEC) (n = 10). Patients received first-line treatment with carboplatin/paclitaxel (n = 67) or cisplatin/paclitaxel (n = 12) combination therapy. Overall response rate, median progression-free survival, and median survival time in the paclitaxel/ carboplatin group and the paclitaxel/cisplatin group were 74.6 vs. 75%, 15.6 vs. 37.8 months, and 41 vs. 70.3 months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, favorable prognostic factors were: ECOG performance status 0 (p < 0.001) and optimal cytoreduction (p = 0.03). Conclusion: PPC is a rare, heterogeneous disease. ECOG performance status and optimal cytoreduction are important prognostic factors regarding survival rates. Platinum/taxane combination therapy is an effective and tolerable regimen in this patient group. © 2014 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.


Gumusay O.,Gazi University | Benekli M.,Gazi University | Ekinci O.,Gazi University | Baykara M.,Sakarya Education and Research Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2015

Objective: Determination of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status in advanced gastric cancer is important in clinical decision making. In the trastuzumab for GC trial, trastuzumab-based therapy demonstrated a significant overall survival benefit in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-positive advanced gastric cancer. Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 discordance in gastric cancer primary and its metastases has been long debated. The aim of the study was to evaluate the rate of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 discordance and its effect on treatment decisions in advanced gastric cancer. Methods: A total of 74 patients with advanced gastric cancer were included in the study. Both immunohistochemical staining and dual-color silver in situ hybridization were performed in all patients to evaluate the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status of the primary lesion and paired metastasis. Results: The assessment of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status with the immunohistochemical staining method and dual-color silver in situ hybridization revealed a discordance rate of 9.5 and 16.2%, respectively. However, this discordance was clinically meaningful in only one patient leading to a change in treatment decision. While this patient had a human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-negative status in primary tumor (immunohistochemical = 0, dual-color silver in situ hybridization = negative), the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status was positive for liver metastasis (immunohistochemical = 2+, dual-color silver in situ hybridization = positive). Trastuzumab was added to the chemotherapy regimen. Conclusions: In this study, we found a higher rate of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 discordance between primary gastric tumor and metastatic lesions compared with the rates reported in previous studies. Detection of a human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-positive metastasis with a human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-negative primary tumor suggests that investigation of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 is also required for the metastatic lesion and that trastuzumab could be administered in the case of a positive result. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.


Cetin B.,Cumhuriyet University | Gumusay O.,Gaziosmanpaşa University | Cengiz M.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Training And Research Hospital | Ozet A.,Gazi University
Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer | Year: 2016

Background: Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in the world, and its prognosis remains poor with a median overall survival of 12 months for advanced disease. Advances in the understanding of molecular genetics have led to the development of directed molecular targeted therapy in gastric cancer, leading to improve patient outcomes and quality of life. Discussion: In the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive gastric cancer, the addition of trastuzumab significantly improves survival in the first-line setting of therapy. Ramucirumab, an antibody directed against vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, significantly improved progression-free and overall survival and has been approved for second-line treatment of gastric cancer. Anti-mesenchymal-epithelial transition (c-MET), mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, and polo-like kinase 1 inhibitors are under investigation as a novel therapeutic option for the treatment of gastric cancer. The novel therapies target the key immune checkpoint interaction between a T cell co-inhibitory receptor called programmed death 1 (PD-1) and one of its immunosuppressive ligands, PD-L1. This article reviews molecular targeted therapies in gastric cancer, in light of recent advances. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


PubMed | Sakarya Education and Research Hospital, Gazi University and Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Training And Research Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Japanese journal of clinical oncology | Year: 2015

Determination of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status in advanced gastric cancer is important in clinical decision making. In the trastuzumab for GC trial, trastuzumab-based therapy demonstrated a significant overall survival benefit in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-positive advanced gastric cancer. Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 discordance in gastric cancer primary and its metastases has been long debated. The aim of the study was to evaluate the rate of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 discordance and its effect on treatment decisions in advanced gastric cancer.A total of 74 patients with advanced gastric cancer were included in the study. Both immunohistochemical staining and dual-color silver in situ hybridization were performed in all patients to evaluate the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status of the primary lesion and paired metastasis.The assessment of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status with the immunohistochemical staining method and dual-color silver in situ hybridization revealed a discordance rate of 9.5 and 16.2%, respectively. However, this discordance was clinically meaningful in only one patient leading to a change in treatment decision. While this patient had a human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-negative status in primary tumor (immunohistochemical = 0, dual-color silver in situ hybridization = negative), the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status was positive for liver metastasis (immunohistochemical = 2+, dual-color silver in situ hybridization = positive). Trastuzumab was added to the chemotherapy regimen.In this study, we found a higher rate of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 discordance between primary gastric tumor and metastatic lesions compared with the rates reported in previous studies. Detection of a human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-positive metastasis with a human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-negative primary tumor suggests that investigation of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 is also required for the metastatic lesion and that trastuzumab could be administered in the case of a positive result.


PubMed | Cumhuriyet University, Gaziosmanpaşa University, Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Training And Research Hospital and Gazi University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of gastrointestinal cancer | Year: 2016

Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in the world, and its prognosis remains poor with a median overall survival of 12months for advanced disease. Advances in the understanding of molecular genetics have led to the development of directed molecular targeted therapy in gastric cancer, leading to improve patient outcomes and quality of life.In the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive gastric cancer, the addition of trastuzumab significantly improves survival in the first-line setting of therapy. Ramucirumab, an antibody directed against vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, significantly improved progression-free and overall survival and has been approved for second-line treatment of gastric cancer. Anti-mesenchymal-epithelial transition (c-MET), mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, and polo-like kinase 1 inhibitors are under investigation as a novel therapeutic option for the treatment of gastric cancer. The novel therapies target the key immune checkpoint interaction between a T cell co-inhibitory receptor called programmed death 1 (PD-1) and one of its immunosuppressive ligands, PD-L1. This article reviews molecular targeted therapies in gastric cancer, in light of recent advances.

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