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Unal O.U.,Izmir Bozyaka Education and Research Hospital | Oztop I.,Dokuz Eylül University | Menekse S.,Celal Bayar University | Urakci Z.,Dicle University | And 14 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

Objective: To analyze clinicopathological characteristics, prognostic factors and survival rates of the patients with urological soft tissue sarcomas treated and followed up in Turkey. Materials and Methods: For overall survival analyses the Kaplan-Meier method was used. From medical records, nine prognostic factors on overall survival were analysed. Results: For the 53 patients (34 males, 19 females) whose charts were reviewed, the median age was 53 (range 22 to 83) years. Most frequently renal location (n=30; 56.6%) was evident and leiomyosarcoma (n=20, 37.7%) was the most frequently encountered histological type. Median survival time of all patients was 40.3 (95% CI, 14.2-66.3) months. In univariate analysis, male gender, advanced age (=50 years), metastatic stage, unresectability, grade 3, renal location were determined as worse prognostic factors. In multivariate analysis, metastatic stage, unresectability and grade 3 were determined as indicators of worse prognosis. Conclusions: Urological soft tissue sarcomas are rarely seen tumours in adults. The most important factors in survival are surgical resection, stage of the tumour at onset, grade and location of the tumour, gender and age of the patients.


Turan N.,Gazi University | Benekli M.,Gazi University | Koca D.,Dokuz Eylül University | Ustaalioglu B.O.,Dr Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Education And Research Hospital | And 14 more authors.
Oncology (Switzerland) | Year: 2013

Background: We aimed to investigate the impact of adjuvant systemic therapy with modern chemotherapy combinations on survival outcomes in patients with resected liver-confined metastases from colorectal carcinomas, and whether addition of bevacizumab (BEV) provides further benefit. Methods: A total of 229 consecutive patients who underwent resection for liver-confined colorectal liver metastases were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Of 229 patients, 204 who received chemotherapy with fluoropyrimidine-based (n = 27), irinotecan-based (n = 84) and oxaliplatin-based (n = 93) combinations were analyzed. Among these, 87 patients received BEV while 117 did not (NoBEV). With a median follow-up of 27 months after metastasectomy, the median recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were 17 and 53 months, respectively. OS rates at 3 and 5 years were 71% and 40%, respectively. No significant differences were found in the median RFS (p = 0.744) and OS (p = 0.440) among different chemotherapy regimens. The median RFS (p = 0.375) and OS (p = 0.251) were similar in BEV and NoBEV arms. In multivariate analysis, having 4 liver metastases was the only negative independent factor on both RFS and OS, while positive surgical margin was another negative independent factor for RFS. Conclusion: Chemotherapy type and addition of BEV have no impact on both RFS and OS in the adjuvant setting following complete resection of colorectal liver metastases. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Inal A.,Dicle University | Kos F.T.,Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital | Algin E.,Gazi University | Yildiz R.,Dr Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Education And Research Hospital | And 20 more authors.
Neoplasma | Year: 2012

The majority of patients with pancreatic cancer is of advanced disease. Several randomized Phase II and III trials suggest that the combination of gemcitabine and cisplatin (GemCis) response rates were higher than Gemcitabine (Gem) alone, however the trials were not enough powered to indicate a statistically significant prolongation of survival in patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study is to evaluated the efficiency of Gem alone versus GemCis in patients with locally advanced and/or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma. A total of 406 patients, from fourteen centers were evaluated retrospectively. All patients received Gem or GemCis as first-line treatment between September 2005 to March 2011. Primary end of this study were to evaluate the toxicity, clinical response rate, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between the arms. There were 156 patients (M: 98, F: 58) in Gem arm and 250 patients (M: 175, F: 75) in the combination arm. Gemcitabin arm patients older than the combination arm (median 63 vs 57.5, p=0.001). In patients with the combination arm had a higher dose reduction (25.2% vs 11.3%, p=0.001) and dose delay (34% vs 16.8%, p=0.001). Among patients with the combination and Gemcitabin arm gender, diabetes mellitus, performance status, cholestasis, grade, stage did not have a statistically difference (p>0.05). Clinical response rate to the combination arm was higher than the Gem arm (69.0% vs 49.7%, p=0.001). PFS was more favorable in the GemCis arm than Gem alone, but the difference did not attain statistical significance (8.9 vs 6.0, p=0.08). OS was not significantly superior in the GemCis arm (12.0 vs 10.2, p>0.05). Grade III-IV hematologic and nonhematologic toxicity were higher in the combination arm. PFS was more favorable in the GemCis arm than Gem alone, but the difference did not attain statistical significance. OS was not significantly superior in the GemCis arm.


Inal A.,Dicle University | Akman T.,Dokuz Eylül University | Yaman S.,Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital | Ozturk S.C.,Gazi University | And 18 more authors.
Annali Italiani di Chirurgia | Year: 2013

Several studies have now demonstrated that the lymph node ratio (LNR), as a superior indicator of axillary tumor burden to the number of excised nodes. While, about the prognostic value of LNR on the the survival of elderly patients is limited. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study is to evaluate the prognostic value of lymph node ratio in elderly patients with node positive breast cancer. METHODS: Onehundredeightyfour patient with operable breast cancer, recruited from 17 institutions, were enrolled into the retrospectively study Eleven potential prognostic variables were chosen for analysis in this study Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify prognostic factors associated with survival. RESULT: Among the eleven variables of univariate analysis, four variables were identified to have prognostic significance for Overall survival (OS): patholo^c tumor size (T), No. oppositive nodes (N), LNR and estrogen receptor-positive (ER). Among the eleven variables of univariate analysis, two variables were identified to have prognostic significance for Disease-free survival (DFS): N and LNR. Multivariate analysis by Cox proportional hazard model showed that T, LNR and ER were considered independent prognostic factors for OS. Furthermore, LNR was considered independent prognostic factors for DFS. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the LNR was associated with the prognostic importance for DFS and OS in elderly patients who were administered adjuvant treatments.


Inal A.,Dicle University | Akman T.,Dokuz Eylül University | Yaman S.,Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital | Demir Ozturk S.,Gazi University | And 16 more authors.
Journal of B.U.ON. | Year: 2013

Purpose: The extra benefit of adding chemotherapy to effective endocrine therapy (ET) has not been clearly or consistently identified in patients older than 70 years with estrogen receptor (ER) positive and node positive breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant ET vs chemotherapy plus endocrine therapies (Chemo/ET) in such patients. Methods: In this retrospective multicenter study 191 patients ≥ 70 years with operated hormone receptor positive breast cancer, who were administered adjuvant ET or Chemo/ET were assessed. Results: The median patient follow-up time was 29.0 months (range 1-252). Therefore disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) analysis was limited, due to the rather short median follow-up, and only 30-month cumulative percentages are reported herein. The 30-month DFS rates were 50.0% in the ET arm and 49.0% in the Chemo/ET arm (p=0.79). The 30-month OS rates were 86% in the ET arm and 96.0% in the Chemo/ET arm (p=0.08). Cox proportional hazard model showed that only surgery was independent prognostic factor for survival (p=0.047), while tumor size showed a strong trend for statistical significance (p=0.051). Conclusion: The addition of chemotherapy to endocrine therapy in older patients has no significant impact on DFS and OS.


Inal A.,Dicle University | Kos F.T.,Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital | Algin E.,Gazi University | Yildiz R.,Dr Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Education And Research Hospital | And 19 more authors.
Journal of B.U.ON. | Year: 2012

Purpose: The majority of patients with pancreatic cancer present with advanced disease. Systemic chemotherapy for patients with pancreatic cancer has limited impact on overall survival (OS). Patients eligible for chemotherapy should be selected carefully. The aim of this study was to analyse prognostic factors for OS in advanced pancreatic cancer patients treated with first-line palliative chemotherapy with gemcitabine alone or gemcitabine plus cisplatin. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 343 locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer patients who were treated with gemcitabine or gemcitabine plus cisplatin as first-line chemotherapy between December 2000 and June 2011. Fifteen potential prognostic variables were chosen for analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify prognostic factors associated with OS. Univariate and multivariate statistical methods were used to determine prognostic factors. Results: Among the 15 variables of univariate analysis, 6 were identified to have prognostic significance: stage (p<0.001), cholestasis (p=0.02), weight loss, prior pancreatectomy, serum CEA level (p<0.001) and serum CA19-9 level (p<0.001). In addition, age, chemotherapy and liver metastasis were of borderline significance (p=0.06). Multivariate analysis (Cox proportional hazard model) included the 6 significant prognostic factors ofunivariate analysis and showed that stage was independent prognostic factor for OS, as were weight loss, and serum CEA level. Conclusion: Stage, weight loss, and serum CEA level were identified as important prognostic factors for OS in advanced pancreatic cancer patients. These findings may also facilitate pretreatment prediction of OS and can be used for selecting patients for treatment. © 2012 Zerbinis Medical Publications.


Yetisyigit T.,Namik Kemal University | Arpaci E.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Education And Research Hospital | Seber E.S.,Marmara University | Kucukoner M.,Dicle University | And 11 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Background: We aimed to evaluate prognostic factors and response rates to various treatment approaches to patients with synovial sarcoma in an advanced setting. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 55 patients (18 pts; 32.7% women) diagnosed with synovial sarcomas. Twenty had metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis while the remainder of the study group consisted of patients who developed metastatic or inoperable locally advanced disease during follow up. Results: The median follow up time was 15 months (range: 1-53). Regarding outcomes for the 55 patients, 3 and 5 year overall survival rates were 26% and 14%, respectively. In univariate analyses among demographic factors female gender was associated with a better outcome (p=0.030). Patients with early progressing disease (<2 years) had a worse prognosis when compared to patient group with late relapse, but this difference did not reach statistical significance (p=0.056). According to multivariate Cox regression analysis patients who had undergone metastasectomy had a significant survival advantage (p=0.044). The overall response rate to different salvage chemotherapy regimens given as second line treatment was around 42.9-53.9% for all regimes. There were no statistically significant differences between chemotherapy regimens given in either second or third line settings in terms of overall survival. Conclusions: We observed no major differences in terms of response rate and survival between different salvage chemotherapy regimens. Although metastatic disease still carries a poor prognosis, metastasectomy was found to be associated with improved survival.


Tarkan Y.,Namik Kemal University | Erkan A.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Education And Research Hospital | Selcuk E.S.,Marmara University | Mehmet K.,Dicle University | And 18 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2014

Background: Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a rare disease and compared with other soft-tissue sarcomas has a relatively high mortality rate. The optimal management of this disease and prognostic factors associated with patient outcome remains controversial. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the factors affecting the outcomes of SS patients in the adjuvant setting. Patients and Methods: In this Turkish multicenter study, we assessed the data of 69 SS patients regarding prognostic factors for SS patients retrospectively. Results: Our study included 69 localized SS patients (38 males and 31 females) with a median age of 34.5 years (minimum-maximum: 14-68 years). Overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) rates for 5 years were 64% and 25%, respectively. All patients under went surgical treatment; 64 patients were treated with a wide excision and 5 patients had an amputation. According to the univariate analysis, adverse prognostic factors for OS were male sex, higher mitotic activity, high Ki-67 levels, trunk localization and inadequate surgical margins. In multivariate analysis, none of these factors had independent significant association with OS. Prognostic factors for DFS; in the univariate analysis were higher mitotic activity, high Ki-67 levels and inadequate surgical margins. Only higher mitotic activity (≥10 high-power field) was significantly associated with worse DFS in the multivariate analysis (hazard ratio: 0.30, % confidence interval: 0.11-0.80, P = 0.017). Conclusion: Our study confirms that high mitotic activity is significantly associated with decreased DFS. The question of whether the chemotherapy provides a survival advantage in patients having adverse prognostic factors requires confirmation in randomized trials.


Simsek C.,Ataturk Chest Disease and Surgery Research and Education Hospital | Sonmez O.,Ataturk Chest Disease and Surgery Research and Education Hospital | Yurdakul A.S.,Gazi University | Ozmen F.,Numune Education and Researh Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Background: Different methods of diagnosis have been found to be inefficient in terms of screening and early diagnosis of lung cancer. Cancer cells produce proteins whose serum levels may be elevated during the early stages of cancer development. Therefore, those proteins may be recognized as potential cancer markers. The aim of this study was to differentiate healthy individuals and lung cancer cases by analyzing their serum protein profiles and evaluate the efficacy of this method in the early diagnosis of lung cancer. Materials and Methods: 170 patients with lung cancer, 53 under high risk of lung cancer, and 47 healthy people were included in our study. Proteomic analysis of the samples was performed with the SELDI-TOF-MS approach. Results: The most discriminatory peak of the high risk group was 8141. When tree classification analysis was performed between lung cancer and the healthy control group, 11547 was determined as the most discriminatory peak, with a sensitivity of 85.5%, a specificity of 89.4%, a positive predictive value (PPV) of 96.7% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 62.7%. Conclusions: We determined three different protein peaks 11480, 11547 and 11679 were only present in the lung cancer group. The 8141 peak was found in the high-risk group, but not in the lung cancer and control groups. These peaks may prove to be markers of lung cancer which suggests that they may be used in the early diagnosis of lung cancer.


Yildiz R.,Gazi University | Benekli M.,Gazi University | Ozkan M.,Erciyes University | Alkis N.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Education And Research Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2012

Purpose The efficacy and tolerability of bevacizumab every 2 or 4 weeks using the same dosage in combination with biweekly FOLFIRI were retrospectively evaluated in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients in the first-line and second-line therapy. Patients and methods A total of 332 patients from six centers were evaluated. The patients had received biweekly FOLFIRI in combination with bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks schedule for various reasons in individual patients. Results Approximately 70 % of all patients had 2-week treatment schedule. In the first-line therapy (n = 240), the overall response rate (ORR) was 34.1 % in 2-week and 36.3 % in 4-week groups. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8 months (95 %CI, 6.8-9.2) and 9 months (95 %CI, 6.6-11.4) (p = 0.074), and median overall survival (OS) was 22 months (95 %CI, 15.8-28.2) and 20 months (95 %CI, 8.1-31.9) (p = 0.612) in 2- and 4-week groups, respectively. One-year survival rate was 76.2 % for 2-week group and 73.2 % for 4-week group. In the second-line therapy (n = 92), the ORR was similar between the groups (24.5 vs 25.9 % in 2- and 4-week groups, respectively). Median PFS was 6 months (95 %CI, 4.7-7.3) and 11 months (95 %CI, 6.3-15.7) (p = 0.074), and median OS was15 months (95 %CI, 9.6-20.4) and 17 months (95 %CI, 13.7-20.3) (p = 0.456) for 2-week and for 4-week groups, respectively. One-year survival rate was 61.3 % for 2-week and 71.3 % for 4-week groups. Toxicity profile was similar in 2- and 4-week groups and included neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, mucositis, bleeding, hypertension, thromboembolism and fistulization. Conclusion Bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks in combination with biweekly FOLFIRI had similar efficacy and tolerability in mCRC. Because of the retrospective nature of our study, the data should be examined cautiously. However, our study clearly points out the need for determination of optimum biological dosing interval of bevacizumab in well-designed, prospective, randomized trials. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

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