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Yetisyigit T.,Namik Kemal University | Arpaci E.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Education and Research Hospital | Seber E.S.,Marmara University | Kucukoner M.,Dicle University | And 11 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Background: We aimed to evaluate prognostic factors and response rates to various treatment approaches to patients with synovial sarcoma in an advanced setting. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 55 patients (18 pts; 32.7% women) diagnosed with synovial sarcomas. Twenty had metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis while the remainder of the study group consisted of patients who developed metastatic or inoperable locally advanced disease during follow up. Results: The median follow up time was 15 months (range: 1-53). Regarding outcomes for the 55 patients, 3 and 5 year overall survival rates were 26% and 14%, respectively. In univariate analyses among demographic factors female gender was associated with a better outcome (p=0.030). Patients with early progressing disease (<2 years) had a worse prognosis when compared to patient group with late relapse, but this difference did not reach statistical significance (p=0.056). According to multivariate Cox regression analysis patients who had undergone metastasectomy had a significant survival advantage (p=0.044). The overall response rate to different salvage chemotherapy regimens given as second line treatment was around 42.9-53.9% for all regimes. There were no statistically significant differences between chemotherapy regimens given in either second or third line settings in terms of overall survival. Conclusions: We observed no major differences in terms of response rate and survival between different salvage chemotherapy regimens. Although metastatic disease still carries a poor prognosis, metastasectomy was found to be associated with improved survival.

Turan N.,Gazi University | Benekli M.,Gazi University | Koca D.,Dokuz Eylul University | Ustaalioglu B.O.,Dr Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Education And Research Hospital | And 14 more authors.
Oncology (Switzerland) | Year: 2013

Background: We aimed to investigate the impact of adjuvant systemic therapy with modern chemotherapy combinations on survival outcomes in patients with resected liver-confined metastases from colorectal carcinomas, and whether addition of bevacizumab (BEV) provides further benefit. Methods: A total of 229 consecutive patients who underwent resection for liver-confined colorectal liver metastases were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Of 229 patients, 204 who received chemotherapy with fluoropyrimidine-based (n = 27), irinotecan-based (n = 84) and oxaliplatin-based (n = 93) combinations were analyzed. Among these, 87 patients received BEV while 117 did not (NoBEV). With a median follow-up of 27 months after metastasectomy, the median recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were 17 and 53 months, respectively. OS rates at 3 and 5 years were 71% and 40%, respectively. No significant differences were found in the median RFS (p = 0.744) and OS (p = 0.440) among different chemotherapy regimens. The median RFS (p = 0.375) and OS (p = 0.251) were similar in BEV and NoBEV arms. In multivariate analysis, having 4 liver metastases was the only negative independent factor on both RFS and OS, while positive surgical margin was another negative independent factor for RFS. Conclusion: Chemotherapy type and addition of BEV have no impact on both RFS and OS in the adjuvant setting following complete resection of colorectal liver metastases. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Simsek C.,Ataturk Chest Disease and Surgery Research and Education Hospital | Sonmez O.,Ataturk Chest Disease and Surgery Research and Education Hospital | Yurdakul A.S.,Gazi University | Ozmen F.,Numune Education and Researh Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Background: Different methods of diagnosis have been found to be inefficient in terms of screening and early diagnosis of lung cancer. Cancer cells produce proteins whose serum levels may be elevated during the early stages of cancer development. Therefore, those proteins may be recognized as potential cancer markers. The aim of this study was to differentiate healthy individuals and lung cancer cases by analyzing their serum protein profiles and evaluate the efficacy of this method in the early diagnosis of lung cancer. Materials and Methods: 170 patients with lung cancer, 53 under high risk of lung cancer, and 47 healthy people were included in our study. Proteomic analysis of the samples was performed with the SELDI-TOF-MS approach. Results: The most discriminatory peak of the high risk group was 8141. When tree classification analysis was performed between lung cancer and the healthy control group, 11547 was determined as the most discriminatory peak, with a sensitivity of 85.5%, a specificity of 89.4%, a positive predictive value (PPV) of 96.7% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 62.7%. Conclusions: We determined three different protein peaks 11480, 11547 and 11679 were only present in the lung cancer group. The 8141 peak was found in the high-risk group, but not in the lung cancer and control groups. These peaks may prove to be markers of lung cancer which suggests that they may be used in the early diagnosis of lung cancer.

Inal A.,Dicle University | Akman T.,Dokuz Eylul University | Yaman S.,Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital | Ozturk S.C.,Gazi University | And 18 more authors.
Annali Italiani di Chirurgia | Year: 2013

Several studies have now demonstrated that the lymph node ratio (LNR), as a superior indicator of axillary tumor burden to the number of excised nodes. While, about the prognostic value of LNR on the the survival of elderly patients is limited. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study is to evaluate the prognostic value of lymph node ratio in elderly patients with node positive breast cancer. METHODS: Onehundredeightyfour patient with operable breast cancer, recruited from 17 institutions, were enrolled into the retrospectively study Eleven potential prognostic variables were chosen for analysis in this study Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify prognostic factors associated with survival. RESULT: Among the eleven variables of univariate analysis, four variables were identified to have prognostic significance for Overall survival (OS): patholo^c tumor size (T), No. oppositive nodes (N), LNR and estrogen receptor-positive (ER). Among the eleven variables of univariate analysis, two variables were identified to have prognostic significance for Disease-free survival (DFS): N and LNR. Multivariate analysis by Cox proportional hazard model showed that T, LNR and ER were considered independent prognostic factors for OS. Furthermore, LNR was considered independent prognostic factors for DFS. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the LNR was associated with the prognostic importance for DFS and OS in elderly patients who were administered adjuvant treatments.

Yildiz R.,Gazi University | Benekli M.,Gazi University | Ozkan M.,Erciyes University | Alkis N.,Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Education and Research Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2012

Purpose The efficacy and tolerability of bevacizumab every 2 or 4 weeks using the same dosage in combination with biweekly FOLFIRI were retrospectively evaluated in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients in the first-line and second-line therapy. Patients and methods A total of 332 patients from six centers were evaluated. The patients had received biweekly FOLFIRI in combination with bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks schedule for various reasons in individual patients. Results Approximately 70 % of all patients had 2-week treatment schedule. In the first-line therapy (n = 240), the overall response rate (ORR) was 34.1 % in 2-week and 36.3 % in 4-week groups. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8 months (95 %CI, 6.8-9.2) and 9 months (95 %CI, 6.6-11.4) (p = 0.074), and median overall survival (OS) was 22 months (95 %CI, 15.8-28.2) and 20 months (95 %CI, 8.1-31.9) (p = 0.612) in 2- and 4-week groups, respectively. One-year survival rate was 76.2 % for 2-week group and 73.2 % for 4-week group. In the second-line therapy (n = 92), the ORR was similar between the groups (24.5 vs 25.9 % in 2- and 4-week groups, respectively). Median PFS was 6 months (95 %CI, 4.7-7.3) and 11 months (95 %CI, 6.3-15.7) (p = 0.074), and median OS was15 months (95 %CI, 9.6-20.4) and 17 months (95 %CI, 13.7-20.3) (p = 0.456) for 2-week and for 4-week groups, respectively. One-year survival rate was 61.3 % for 2-week and 71.3 % for 4-week groups. Toxicity profile was similar in 2- and 4-week groups and included neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, mucositis, bleeding, hypertension, thromboembolism and fistulization. Conclusion Bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks in combination with biweekly FOLFIRI had similar efficacy and tolerability in mCRC. Because of the retrospective nature of our study, the data should be examined cautiously. However, our study clearly points out the need for determination of optimum biological dosing interval of bevacizumab in well-designed, prospective, randomized trials. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

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