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Oakdale, NY, United States

Dowling College is a private co-educational liberal arts college with three campuses spread across Long Island, New York, United States. The college's main campus in Oakdale, New York sits on the site of William K. Vanderbilt's former estate, which is now known as Fortunoff Hall. The Brookhaven Campus in Shirley, New York, sits adjacent to the Brookhaven Airport and is the home to Dowling's aviation program, as well as the college's Division II athletic program. The new athletic complex houses a baseball stadium, soccer field and lacrosse complex. Dowling's Melville Center is located within the corporate headquarters of Long Island's most lucrative companies, in the business district of Melville, New York. This location provides optimal training for the college's MBA candidates. More than 4,000 full and part-time undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students make up Dowling's four schools; the School of Education, School of Arts & science, Townsend School of Business, and School of Aviation. The college is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, New York State Education Department, National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, The International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education, and approved by the FAA as an Air Traffic - Collegiate Training Initiative School. Wikipedia.

Perring C.,Dowling College
Mens Sana Monographs | Year: 2011

Philosophers and psychologists have long tried to understand people's irrational behaviour through concepts such as weakness of will, compulsion and addiction. The scientific basis of the project has been greatly enhanced by advances in cognitive psychology and neuroscience. However, some philosophers have also been critical of the more general conclusions drawn by the scientists. This is especially true when scientific researchers start making claims that go to philosophical issues, such as free will and responsibility. Conversely, some scientists have been critical of philosophical approaches for not understanding the results of recent research. I examined some of the recent history of scientific claims about addiction, and the rise of the claims from scientists to have shown that addiction is a brain disease and that addictive behaviour is compulsive. Given the well-confirmed evidence that addicts can modulate their behaviour in response to rewards, punishments and context, it is clear that according to normal definitions of compulsivity the behaviour of addicts is not typically compulsive, suggesting that neuroscientists are making an error in their interpretation of data. Since philosophers have expertise in making distinctions between different kinds of action and categorising them as free, weak-willed and compulsive, we will achieve a better interpretation of the neuroscience of addiction when taking this philosophical work into account. Conversely, given the status of science in the modern world, philosophers have to grapple with the latest neuroscientific discoveries and show the compatibility of their philosophical theories with the data for their approaches to maintain credibility. © MSM 2011. Source

Kumar N.,Queens University | Shah V.,Dowling College | Walker V.K.,Queens University
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2011

Technological advances allowing routine nanoparticle (NP) manufacture have enabled their use in electronic equipment, foods, clothing and medical devices. Although some NPs have antibacterial activity, little is known about their environmental impact and there is no information on the influence of NPs on soil in the possibly vulnerable ecosystems of polar regions. The potential toxicity of 0.066% silver, copper or silica NPs on a high latitude (>78°N) soil was determined using community level physiological profiles (CLPP), fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) assays and DNA analysis, including sequencing and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). The results of these different investigations were amalgamated in order to develop a community toxicity indicator, which revealed that of the three NPs examined, silver NPs could be classified as highly toxic to these arctic consortia. Subsequent culture-based studies confirmed that one of the community-identified plant-associating bacteria, Bradyrhizobium canariense, appeared to have a marked sensitivity to silver NPs. Thus, NP contamination of arctic soils particularly by silver NPs is a concern and procedures for mitigation and remediation of such pollution should be a priority for investigation. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

McDermott J.J.,Franklin And Marshall College | Williams J.D.,Hofstra University | Boyko C.B.,Dowling College
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology | Year: 2010

Hermit crabs (superfamily Paguroidea), by their typical nature as inhabitants of mobile, protective domiciles, are a unique source for studying symbiotic relationships. A great variety of symbionts attach, bore into or live free in the lumen of shells harboring hermit crabs, and hermit crabs themselves as hosts for a variety of parasites and potential parasites are the subject of this review. Approximately 130-140 species of the > 850 known hermit crab species are parasitized by 149 species in 9 phyla, and 27 species are hosts for 17 potential parasites in 5 phyla. Among the confirmed parasites, 30 species of parasitic barnacles (Rhizocephala) and 83 species of parasitic Isopoda are known. Species in other groups of parasites are few in number: Apicomplexa 2, Dinoflagellata 1, Microsporida 2, Ascomycota 1, Platyhelminthes 8, Acanthocephala 2, Nematoda 3, and Nematomorpha 2. Fifteen species of ectosymbiotic mites are obligate associates, but little is known of their possible parasitic tendencies. In terms of trophic strategies, the rhizocephalans, nematomorphans and two flatworm species are complete parasitic castrators and the parasitic isopods are partial parasitic castrators. The rest of the species are trophically transmitted parasites (Apicomplexa, Platyhelminthes, Acanthocephala and Nematoda) or are classified as pathogens (Apicomplexa, Dinoflagellata, Microsporida, and Ascomycota). Limited information shows that hermit crabs are first or second intermediate hosts for coccidians, cestodes, trematodes, acanthocephalans and nematodes. The importance of hermit crabs as definitive and intermediate hosts is greatly underestimated due to insufficient worldwide sampling for parasites. The ten most well-studied hermit crab host species are from European waters, the western Atlantic and the eastern Pacific. In contrast, the lower parasite diversity of the Indo-West Pacific region is presumably due to limited sampling. Hermit crabs are also known to host at least 17 species of obligate, intimate associates (not presently considered parasites), but further analyses are required to more fully clarify their symbiotic relationships. Among these potential parasites are four mesomycetozoans that are found in the digestive tract of hosts and four apostome ciliates whose reproduction is synchronized with the host's molting. Symbiotic nemerteans and octolasmid barnacles that are common associates of decapods have, surprisingly, yet to be discovered associated with hermit crabs. In total, at least ten species of hyperparasites are found infesting primary associates (mostly rhizocephalans and bopyrids) of hermit crabs. Hyperparasitism involves: 1) rhizocephalans as hosts for one described species of amoeba and four species of cryptoniscid isopods, 2) bopyrid isopods as hosts for three described species of cabiropid isopods and one rhizocephalan (Akentrogonida), and 3) a burrowing barnacle (Trypetesidae) as host for one species of hemioniscid isopod. The biology and life histories of most hermit crab parasites, with the exception of rhizocephalans and some isopods, are poorly known and the role of crabs as intermediate hosts is especially in need of study. The information presented herein on geographical distribution of host species, the prevalence of their parasites, and known host-parasite relationships should be useful for developing models that will elicit a greater understanding of hermit crab parasitism. Such information, along with morphological and molecular analyses might lead to a better understanding of the evolution of anomurans and decapods as a whole. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

Kumar N.,Queens University | Shah V.,Dowling College | Walker V.K.,Queens University
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry | Year: 2012

Interest is growing in understanding not only the impact of individual nanoparticles (NPs) on ecosystems but also the effect of NP mixtures. In the present study, the impact of a combination of three different NPs, silver, copper, and silica (all at 0.022%, w/w), on an arctic microbial community was investigated. After adding the NPs, soil microcosms were incubated for 176d, and subsequent estimates of microbe diversity were obtained using culture-dependent and culture-independent assessments. The treated soil appeared to show a reduction in the ability to use carbohydrate and amino acid substrates and demonstrated an altered pattern of major fatty acid peaks. Polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis showed consistent differences in the pattern of predominant rRNA gene sequences. Although this is an initial investigation of soil contaminated with mixed NPs, these results demonstrate that even at the relatively modest concentrations used such pollutants have the potential to disrupt microbial communities. © 2011 SETAC. Source

MacKenzie M.L.,Dowling College
International Journal of Information Management | Year: 2010

Today's business environment is populated with individuals who are digitally connected to clients, contractors, managers, and employees. Traditionally, the ways and behaviors of managers had developed and thrived within face-to-face work environments, but as computer-mediated technologies continue to change the boundaries of the business community, permit alternative worksites to increase, and the traditional workday to disappear, the role of the manager has changed. This article focuses on the communication behaviors between managers and their employees, and how these behaviors have changed as digital communication methods have become mainstream within organizations today. The variables of interest are manager communication and workplace trust. The intended outcome is to uncover the expectations that have yet to be agreed upon within the manager-employee e-relationship. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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