Doubs Cancer Registry

Saint-Vit, France

Doubs Cancer Registry

Saint-Vit, France
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Crocetti E.,Clinical and Descriptive Epidemiology Unit | Caldarella A.,Clinical and Descriptive Epidemiology Unit | Ferretti S.,Ferrara Cancer Registry | Ardanaz E.,Navarra Public Health Institute | And 37 more authors.
Breast | Year: 2013

Purpose: Biological markers are crucial factors in order to differentiate female breast cancers and to determine the right therapy. This study aims at evaluating whether testing for biomarkers for female breast cancer has similar frequency and characteristics across and within countries. Methods: Population-based cancer registries of the Association for cancer registration and epidemiology in Romance language countries (GRELL) were asked to complete a questionnaire on biomarkers testing. The data collected referred to invasive female breast cancer cases diagnosed between 2004 and 2009. The investigation focused on 1) the overexpression and amplification of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 oncogene (HER2); 2) the expression of oestrogen (ER) and progesterone (PgR) receptors; and 3) the proliferation index (PI). Weighted percentages, the heterogeneity among and within countries, and the correlation between responses and calendar years were evaluated. The study was based on 19,644 breast cancers. Results: Overall, 85.9% of the cases were tested for HER2, 91.8% for both ER and PgR, and 74.1% for proliferative markers. For HER2 and ER-PgR, the frequency of testing increased from 2004 to 2009. Testing varied among countries (HER2 from 82.0% to 95.9%, ER-PgR from 89.3% to 98.9%, PI from 10% to 92%) and also within the same country (e.g. HER2 in Italy from 51% to 99%) as well as within single cancer registries. The most relevant differences were in the scores for positive/negative/not clearly defined HER2 (e.g. HER2 was defined positive if IHC 3+ in 21/33 registries), and in the cut-off of positive cells for ER/PgR (from >0% to >30%) and PI positivity (from >0% to >20%). Conclusions: Biological markers are widely tested in the Romance language countries; however, the parameters defining their positivity may vary, raising concerns about homogeneity in breast cancer classification and treatment. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Minicozzi P.,Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori | Bouvier A.-M.,University of Burgundy | Faivre J.,University of Burgundy | Sant M.,Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori | And 31 more authors.
Digestive and Liver Disease | Year: 2014

Background: Few studies have investigated rectal cancer management at the population level. We compared how rectal cancers diagnosed in Italy (2003-2005) and France (2005) were managed, and evaluated the extent to which management adhered to European guidelines. Methods: Samples of 3938 Italian and 2287 French colorectal cancer patients were randomly extracted from 8 and 12 cancer registries respectively. Rectal cancer patients (860 Italian, 559 French) were analysed. Logistic regression models estimated odds ratios (ORs) of being treated with curative intent, receiving sphincter-saving surgery, and receiving preoperative radiotherapy. Results: Similar proportions of Italian and French patients were treated with curative intent (70% vs. 67%; OR = 0.92 [0.73-1.16]); the respective proportions receiving sphincter-saving surgery were 21% and 33% (OR = 1.15 [0.86-1.53]). In about 50% of those treated with curative intent, ≥12 lymph nodes were harvested in both countries. The proportion receiving postoperative radiotherapy was higher in Italy than in France (25% vs. 11%, p< 0.01), but French patients were more likely to receive preoperative radiotherapy (52% vs. 21%; OR = 4.06 [2.79-5.91]). Conclusion: The proportions of patients receiving preoperative radiotherapy and the numbers of lymph nodes sampled were low in both countries. Centralising treatment and potentiating screening would be practical ways of improving outcomes and adhering to guidelines. © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l.

Stiller C.A.,University of Oxford | Trama A.,Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori | Brewster D.H.,Scottish Cancer Registry | Verne J.,Public Health England | And 100 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2014

Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a virus-related malignancy which most frequently arises in skin, though visceral sites can also be involved. Infection with Kaposi sarcoma herpes virus (KSHV or HHV-8) is required for development of KS. Nowadays, most cases worldwide occur in persons who are immunosuppressed, usually because of HIV infection or as a result of therapy to combat rejection of a transplanted organ, but classic Kaposi sarcoma is predominantly a disease of the elderly without apparent immunosuppression. We analyzed 2667 KS incident cases diagnosed during 1995-2002 and registered by 75 population-based European cancer registries contributing to the RARECARE project. Total crude and age-standardized incidence rate was 0.3 per 100,000 per year with an estimated 1642 new cases per year in the EU27 countries. Age-standardized incidence rate was 0.8 per 100,000 in Southern Europe but below 0.3 per 100,000 in all other regions. The elevated rate in southern Europe was attributable to a combination of classic Kaposi sarcoma in some Mediterranean countries and the relatively high incidence of AIDS in several countries. Five-year relative survival for 2000-2002 by the period method was 75%. More than 10,000 persons were estimated to be alive in Europe at the beginning of 2008 with a past diagnosis of KS. The aetiological link with suppressed immunity means that many people alive following diagnosis of KS suffer comorbidity from a pre-existing condition. While KS is a rare cancer, it has a relatively good prognosis and so the number of people affected by it is quite large. Thus it provides a notable example of the importance of networking in diagnosis, therapy and research for rare cancers. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Viel J.-F.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Fournier E.,Doubs Cancer Registry | Danzon A.,Doubs Cancer Registry
Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source | Year: 2010

Background. The incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) has risen steadily during the last few decades in all geographic regions covered by cancer registration for reasons that remain unknown. The aims of this study were to assess the relative contributions of age, period and cohort effects to NHL incidence patterns and therefore to provide clues to explain the increasing incidence. Methods. Population and NHL incidence data were provided for the Doubs region (France) during the 1980-2005 period. NHL counts and person-years were tabulated into one-year classes by age (from 20 to 89) and calendar time period. Age-period-cohort models with parametric smooth functions (natural splines) were fitted to the data by assuming a Poisson distribution for the observed number of NHL cases. Results. The age-standardised incidence rate increased from 4.7 in 1980 to 11.9 per 100,000 person-years at risk in 1992 (corresponding to a 2.5-fold increase) and stabilised afterwards (11.1 per 100,000 in 2005). Age effects showed a steadily increasing slope up to the age of 80 and levelled off for older ages. Large period curvature effects, both adjusted for cohort effects and non-adjusted (p < 10-4 and p < 10-5, respectively), showed departure from linear periodic trends; period effects jumped markedly in 1983 and stabilised in 1992 after a 2.4-fold increase (compared to the 1980 period). In both the age-period-cohort model and the age-cohort model, cohort curvature effects were not statistically significant (p = 0.46 and p = 0.08, respectively). Conclusions. The increased NHL incidence in the Doubs region is mostly dependent on factors associated with age and calendar periods instead of cohorts. We found evidence for a levelling off in both incidence rates and period effects beginning in 1992. It is unlikely that the changes in classification (which occurred after 1995) and the improvements of diagnostic accuracy could largely account for the 1983-1992 period-effect increase, giving way to an increased exposure to widely distributed risk factors including persistent organic pollutants and pesticides. Continued NHL incidence and careful analysis of period effects are of utmost importance to elucidate the enigmatic epidemiology of NHL. © 2010 Viel et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Viel J.-F.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Rymzhanova R.,Franche Comte Cancer Screening Program | Fournier E.,Doubs Cancer Registry | Danzon A.,Doubs Cancer Registry
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2011

Background: The long tenure of the Doubs cancer registry (France) and the late implementation of a mass screening program provide a unique opportunity to assess the relative contributions of age, period and cohort effects to the increase in female invasive breast cancer incidence, while avoiding the influence of an organized screening program. Methods: Population and incidence data were provided for the Doubs region during the 1978-2003 period. Breast cancer counts and person-years were tabulated into 1-year classes by age and time period. Age-period-cohort models with parametric smooth functions were fitted to the data, assuming a Poisson distribution for the number of observed cases. Results: A total of 5688 incident cases of invasive breast cancer in women were diagnosed in women aged 30-84 years in the Doubs region between 1978 and 2003. The annual percentage increase in incidence is 2.09%. Age effects rise dramatically until age 50, and at a slower pace afterwards. Large cohort curvature effects (p<10 -6), show departure from linear trends, with a significant peak for women born around 1940. Period curvature effects are lower in magnitude (p=0.01). Conclusion: Both cohort and period effects are involved in the marked increase in breast cancer incidence over a 25-year period in the Doubs region. Although the future trend for breast cancer incidence is difficult to predict, the introduction of an organized screening program, and the sharp decline in hormone replacement therapy use will likely contribute to period effects in future analyses. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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