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Yang G.-R.,Capital Medical University | Yuan S.-Y.,Capital Medical University | Fu H.-J.,Capital Medical University | Gang W.,Beijing Institute of Geriatrics | And 17 more authors.
Diabetes Care | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE - To investigate the association between neck circumference and central obesity, overweight, and metabolic syndrome in Chinese individuals with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 3,182 diabetic subjects (aged 20-80 years) were recruited from 15 community health centers in Beijing using a multistage random sampling approach. RESULTS - Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the area under the curve for neck circumference and central obesity was 0.77 for men and 0.75 for women (P < 0.001). Furthermore, a neck circumference of ≥38 cm for men and ≥35 cm for women was the best cutoff point for determining overweight subjects. A neck circumference of ≥39 cm for men and ≥35 cm for women was the best cutoff point to determine subjects with metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS - In the present study, neck circumference is positively related with BMI, waist circumference, and metabolic syndrome in Chinese individuals with type 2 diabetes. © 2010 by the American Diabetes Association. Source


Yin Y.,Capital Institute of Pediatrics | Li Q.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | Miao J.,Dongfeng Community Health Service Center | Sun J.,Dongfeng Community Health Service Center | And 5 more authors.
Biological Trace Element Research | Year: 2015

This study sought to explore the relationship between anemia in children and levels of five minerals in blood. A sample consisted of 242 normal and 304 anemic children paired by sex and age. Hematological parameters were assessed using the Sysmex xs-800i hematology analyzer. Levels of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), and calcium (Ca) were measured by polarographic analysis. Differences in these elements between the anemic and normal groups were compared by ANOVA. Relationships between Ca, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mg, and Hb levels were tested by Pearson’s correlation analysis. The Mg level (1.51 ± 0.30 mmol/L) of the moderately anemic group (≤90 g/L) was significantly higher than that (1.36 ± 0.30 mmol/L) of the mildly anemic (90 g/L ≤Hb <110 g/L) and normal groups (1.31 ± 0.30 mmol/L) (p < 0.05). The rate of moderate anemia (13.7 %) in the higher Mg group (Mg >1.57 mmol/L) was higher than that (5.3 %) of the lower Mg group (Mg ≤1.57 mmol/L) (p < 0.01). The rate of moderate anemia (12.8 %) in the lower Fe group (≤78.4 umol/L) was higher than that (6.2 %) of the higher Fe group (>78.4 umol/L) (p < 0.05). Hemoglobin was inversely correlated with Mg levels in the anemic group (p < 0.05). These results indicate that blood levels of Mg and Fe were correlated with anemic children aged 6 months to 3 years. To prevent and treat anemia better, a combination of the levels of Hb, Mg, and Fe in whole blood is required. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Yin Y.,Capital Institute of Pediatrics | Li Q.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | Miao J.,Dongfeng Community Health Service Center | Sun J.,Dongfeng Community Health Service Center | And 5 more authors.
Biological Trace Element Research | Year: 2015

This study sought to explore the relationship between anemia in children and levels of five minerals in blood. A sample consisted of 242 normal and 304 anemic children paired by sex and age. Hematological parameters were assessed using the Sysmex xs-800i hematology analyzer. Levels of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), and calcium (Ca) were measured by polarographic analysis. Differences in these elements between the anemic and normal groups were compared by ANOVA. Relationships between Ca, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mg, and Hb levels were tested by Pearson’s correlation analysis. The Mg level (1.51 ± 0.30 mmol/L) of the moderately anemic group (≤90 g/L) was significantly higher than that (1.36 ± 0.30 mmol/L) of the mildly anemic (90 g/L ≤Hb <110 g/L) and normal groups (1.31 ± 0.30 mmol/L) (p < 0.05). The rate of moderate anemia (13.7 %) in the higher Mg group (Mg >1.57 mmol/L) was higher than that (5.3 %) of the lower Mg group (Mg ≤1.57 mmol/L) (p < 0.01). The rate of moderate anemia (12.8 %) in the lower Fe group (≤78.4 umol/L) was higher than that (6.2 %) of the higher Fe group (>78.4 umol/L) (p < 0.05). Hemoglobin was inversely correlated with Mg levels in the anemic group (p < 0.05). These results indicate that blood levels of Mg and Fe were correlated with anemic children aged 6 months to 3 years. To prevent and treat anemia better, a combination of the levels of Hb, Mg, and Fe in whole blood is required. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source

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