Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC

Lisbon, Portugal

Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC

Lisbon, Portugal
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Escobar C.,Hospital Fernando Fonseca | Malveiro D.,Hospital Of Sao Francisco Xavier Chlo | Salgado A.,Hospital Of Sao Francisco Xavier Chlo | Santos M.I.,Hospital Of Sao Teotonio | And 2 more authors.
Acta Medica Portuguesa | Year: 2013

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder characterized by bone fragility and osteopenia. Treatment involves a multidisciplinary approach and aims to improve the quality of life. The authors aimed to describe the characteristics of a sample of children with OI, to evaluate the treatment and clinical outcome before and after therapy. Material and Methods: An observational, longitudinal, retrospective and analytic study based on data obtained from the analisys of the clinical files of all patients with OI included in the pamidronate treatment protocol in Dona Estefânia's Hospital. The studied variables were: gender, age at diagnosis, familiar history of OI, age at fracture, fracture location, number of fractures, medical/surgical therapy, age at onset of treatment, number of courses of medical therapy, age at surgical treatment and its complications. A five percent statistics significance level was adopted. Results: in 21 patients, 61.9% were male and 11 had its OI type registered (five type I, three type III, three type IV). The average age of diagnosis was 20.6 months and there were two diagnostic peaks: the first month - 37%, and 24 months - 26%. On average patients had 0.62 fractures/patient/year, of which 17.4% in the perinatal period and 62% before age three. Most of the fractures occurred in the lower limbs (55.6%). All patients underwent medical treatment, starting at an average of 4.3 years. In follow-up sample (n=14) there was a decrease in the number of fractures after starting treatment with pamidronate (0.76 to 0.35 fractures/patient/year). Intramedullary rods were placed in nine patients (64.3%). In eight patients they were placed in the femur, four unilateral and four bilateral, with no prior history of fracture in three cases. There were no new fractures in the surgically treated bones. Conclusion: OI is a disease with a wide clinical variability that mainly depends on its type. Despite no cure has been found, medical treatment with biphosphonates and surgical treatment, with intramedullary rods, seems to reduce the incidence of new fracture occurrence. © Ordem dos Médicos 2013.


Encarnacao R.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC | Moura M.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC | Gomes F.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC | da Silva P.C.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC
Acta Medica Portuguesa | Year: 2011

Child Mental Health Services have been dealing ̧ over the last decades, with a growing number of children in need of evaluation and treatment. Recent studies estimate that 10 to 20% of children and adolescents met criteria for, at least, one psychiatric diagnosis, and that only one fifth gets appropriate treatment. Thus, in order to optimize service planning and management we performed an analysis of the cases referred to and observed at one Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic between 2004 and 2007, as well as descriptive analysis of the youth population observed at the same clinic during 2007. In the 4 year period studied, 1923 children were consulted in a total of 9609 appointments. Sample mean age was 9.89 years with a clear male gender preponderance. During 2007, 480 patients were consulted and it was possible to observe a predominance of nuclear family structure and around 71% of cases living in Sintra. Regarding the source of referral, 29% of the cases were referred by the assistant physician and in 26% by school teachers; the main complaints were behavior problems (30%) and learning disabilities (15%). It was also possible to characterize complaints according to the different referral sources. On a psychodynamic diagnostic level, 56% of all cases met criteria for a Depressive Organization. According to DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for Axis I disorders, we found 30% of Emotional Disorders and 24.8% of Conduct Disorders and Attention Deficit and Hyperactive Disorder. Mean waiting times between referral and the first appointment varied between 55 days (cases referred from the Emergency Department) and 141 days (school referrals). Only a deeper and detailed analysis of this reality will allow the planning and implementation of measures needed to optimize Child and Adolescent Mental Health services and the answer they can give to patients and families. © 2011 CELOM.


Cordovil C.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC | Crujo M.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC | Vilarica P.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC | Caldeira Da Silva P.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC
Acta Medica Portuguesa | Year: 2011

Introduction The concept of resilience refers to the possibility of individuals to develop positively when exposed to situations of adversity or stress. This is a complex process involving the interaction of vulnerability and protection factors. Researching resilience only makes sense when applied to populations considered at risk which, simultaneously, present adaptive attributes. That is what we find in Child and Adolescent Residential Institutions. There is a rising need of research in the area of institutionalized children. A better knowledge of these populations allows for the creation of more adapted and efficient prevention and promotion health programs. Objectives: To identify resilience factors and their association with psychopathology in children/ adolescents (C/A) of three residential institutions in Lisbon. Method: Data was collected from a sample of children/ adolescents, aged between 6 and 18, who had been institutionalized for at least a year, whose legal representatives had signed the "informed consent". The three Lisbon institutions were chosen by convenience. Children/ adolescents diagnosed with a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (DSM-IV-TR) were excluded. The instruments used for assessment (Check-list for Characterization of the children/adolescents, Institution and Community, and Child Behavior Checklist) were completed by the care provider that better knows the children/adolescents. Results and Conclusions: There are resilience factors in those children and adolescents who present no psychopathology which are absent in those who have psychopathology. We identified factors that appear to have greater resilience preponderance for the protection of children/adolescents, namely "positive self-esteem," "talents recognized by others" and "cognitive skills". Males have more psychopathology, along with a smaller number of resilience factors than females.


Oliveira M.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC | Veiga M.,Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC | Cantinho G.,Laboratorio Of Medicina Nu Clear
Acta Medica Portuguesa | Year: 2011

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy is rare in pediatrics. It is a complex regional pain syndrome, of unknown etiology, usually post-traumatic, characterized by dysfunctions of the musculoskeletal, vascular and skin systems: severe persistent pain of a limb, sensory and vascular alterations, associated disability and psychosocial dysfunction. The diagnosis is based in high clinical suspection. In children and adolescents there are aspects that are different from the adult ones. Excessive tests may result in worsening of the clinical symptoms. Bone scintigraphy can help. Pain treatment is difficult, not specific. Physical therapies and relaxation technics give some relief. Depression must be treated. This syndrome includs fibromyalgia and complex regional pain syndrome type I. We present a clinical report of an adolescent girl, referred for pain, cold temperature, pallor and functional disability of an inferior limb, all signals disclosed by a minor trauma. She had been diagnosed depression the year before. The bone scintigraphy was a decisive test. The treatment with gabapentin, C vitamin, physiotherapy and pshycotherapy has been effective. © 2011 CELOM.


PubMed | Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta medica portuguesa | Year: 2012

Child Mental Health Services have been dealing over the last decades, with a growing number of children in need of evaluation and treatment. Recent studies estimate that 10 to 20% of children and adolescents met criteria for, at least, one psychiatric diagnosis, and that only one fifth gets appropriate treatment. Thus, in order to optimize service planning and management we performed an analysis of the cases referred to and observed at one Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic between 2004 and 2007, as well as descriptive analysis of the youth population observed at the same clinic during 2007. In the 4 year period studied, 1923 children were consulted in a total of 9609 appointments. Sample mean age was 9.89 years with a clear male gender preponderance. During 2007, 480 patients were consulted and it was possible to observe a predominance of nuclear family structure and around 71% of cases living in Sintra. Regarding the source of referral, 29% of the cases were referred by the assistant physician and in 26% by school teachers; the main complaints were behavior problems (30%) and learning disabilities (15%). It was also possible to characterize complaints according to the different referral sources. On a psychodynamic diagnostic level, 56% of all cases met criteria for a Depressive Organization. According to DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for Axis I disorders, we found 30% of Emotional Disorders and 24.8% of Conduct Disorders and Attention Deficit and Hyperactive Disorder. Mean waiting times between referral and the first appointment varied between 55 days (cases referred from the Emergency Department) and 141 days (school referrals). Only a deeper and detailed analysis of this reality will allow the planning and implementation of measures needed to optimize Child and Adolescent Mental Health services and the answer they can give to patients and families.


PubMed | Hospital Dona Estefania CHLC
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Acta medica portuguesa | Year: 2012

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy is rare in pediatrics. It is a complex regional pain syndrome, of unknown etiology, usually post-traumatic, characterized by dysfunctions of the musculoskeletal, vascular and skin systems: severe persistent pain of a limb, sensory and vascular alterations, associated disability and psychosocial dysfunction. The diagnosis is based in high clinical suspection. In children and adolescents there are aspects that are different from the adult ones. Excessive tests may result in worsening of the clinical symptoms. Bone scintigraphy can help. Pain treatment is difficult, not specific. Physical therapies and relaxation technics give some relief. Depression must be treated. This syndrome includes fibromyalgia and complex regional pain syndrome type I. We present a clinical report of an adolescent girl, referred for pain, cold temperature, pallor and functional disability of an inferior limb, all signals disclosed by a minor trauma. She had been diagnosed depression the year before. The bone scintigraphy was a decisive test. The treatment with gabapentin, C vitamin, physiotherapy and pshycotherapy has been effective.

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