Orangeburg, NY, United States
Orangeburg, NY, United States

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Wills T.A.,University of Hawaii Cancer Center | Bantum E.O.,University of Hawaii Cancer Center | Pokhrel P.,University of Hawaii Cancer Center | Ainette M.G.,Dominican College at Orangeburg | And 2 more authors.
Health Psychology | Year: 2013

Objective: We tested a dual-process model based on behavioral and emotional regulation constructs, which posits that good self-control and poor regulation make independent contributions and have different types of pathways to outcomes. The utility of the model for predicting substance use was tested in two diverse populations of younger adolescents. Method: A survey was administered in classrooms to middle-school students in Westchester County, New York (N = 601) and Honolulu, Hawaii (N = 881). The New York sample was 8% African American, 5% Asian American, 47% Caucasian, 31% Hispanic, and 9% other ethnicity. The Hawaii sample was 21% Asian American, 8% Caucasian, 26% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, 34% Filipino, and 10% other ethnicity. Structural equation modeling analyses tested pathways from the four regulation variables through six hypothesized mediators to a criterion construct of substance use (tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana). Results: Results were replicated across samples and were consistent with prediction. Unique contributions were found for good self-control and poor regulation, including both behavioral and emotional aspects. Good self-control had an inverse effect on substance use primarily through relations to higher levels of protective factors (e.g., academic competence). Poor regulation independently had a risk-promoting effect on substance use through relations to higher levels of risk factors (e.g., negative life events). Conclusions: Two field studies showed the dual-process model is robust across different populations. Substance prevention programs should consider approaches for enhancing good self-control as well as procedures for reducing poor regulation and minimizing its impact. Extensions to health behaviors including dietary intake and physical activity are discussed. © 2013 American Psychological Association.


Wilson D.A.,Emotional Brain Institute | Wilson D.A.,New York University | Peterson J.,Emotional Brain Institute | Peterson J.,Dominican College at Orangeburg | And 4 more authors.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research | Year: 2011

Background: Ethanol consumption during pregnancy can lead to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), which consists of the complete spectrum of developmental deficits including neurological dysfunction. FASD is associated with a variety of neurobehavioral disturbances dependent on the age and duration of exposure. Ethanol exposure in neonatal rodents can also induce widespread apoptotic neurodegeneration and long-lasting behavioral abnormalities similar to FASD. The developmental stage of neonatal rodent brains that are at the peak of synaptogenesis is equivalent to the third trimester of human gestation. Methods: Male and female C57BL/6By mice were injected with ethanol (20%, 2.5g/kg, 2 s.c. injections) or an equal volume of saline (controls) on postnatal day 7 (P7). Animals were allowed to mature and at 3months were tested on an olfactory habituation task known to be dependent on piriform cortex function, a hippocampal-dependent object place memory task, and used for electrophysiological testing of spontaneous and odor-evoked local field potential (LFP) activity in the olfactory bulb, piriform cortex, and dorsal hippocampus. Results: P7 ethanol induced widespread cell death within 1day of exposure, with highest levels in the neocortex, intermediate levels in the dorsal hippocampus, and relatively low levels in the primary olfactory system. No impairment of odor investigation or odor habituation was detected in P7 ethanol-exposed 3-month-old mice compared to saline controls. However, hippocampal-dependent object place memory was significantly impaired in the P7 ethanol-treated adult mice. Odor-evoked LFP activity was enhanced throughout the olfacto-hippocampal pathway, primarily within the theta frequency band, although the hippocampus also showed elevated evoked delta frequency activity. In addition, functional coherence between the piriform cortex and olfactory bulb and between the piriform cortex and dorsal hippocampus was enhanced in the beta frequency range in P7 ethanol-treated adult mice compared to controls. Conclusions: P7 ethanol induces an immediate wave of regionally selective cell death followed by long-lasting changes in local circuit and regional network function that are accompanied by changes in neurobehavioral performance. The results suggest that both the activity of local neural circuits within a brain region and the flow of information between brain regions can be modified by early alcohol exposure, which may contribute to long-lasting behavioral abnormalities known to rely on those circuits. © 2011 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.


Tubbs R.S.,Childrens Hospital | Mortazavi M.M.,Childrens Hospital | Loukas M.,St. George's University | D'Antoni A.V.,Dominican College at Orangeburg | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Neurosurgery | Year: 2011

Object. The nerves of the posterior neck are often encountered by the neurosurgeon and are sometimes the focus of denervation procedures for muscular, joint, or nervous pathologies. One collection of fibers in this region that has not been previously investigated is the Cruveilhier plexus, interneural connections between the dorsal rami of the upper cervical nerves. Methods. Fifteen adult cadavers (30 sides) were subjected to dissection of the upper cervical and occipital regions with special attention given to identifying potential connections between adjacent extradural dorsal rami of the cervical nerves. When connections were identified, measurements were made and random samples were immunohistochemically stained. Results. At least one communicating branch was identified on 86.7% of sides. Sampled nervous loops were composed primarily of sensory fibers, but occasional motor fibers were identified. For C-1, a communicating loop joined the medial branches of C-2 on 65.4% of sides. On 29.4% of sides, this loop pierced the obliquus capitis inferior muscle before joining C-2. On 54% of sides, a communicating loop joined the medial branches of the dorsal rami of C-2 and C-3; and on 15.4% of sides, a communicating loop joined the medial branches of the dorsal rami of C-3 and C-4. No specimen had communicating branches between the dorsal rami of cervical nerves C-5 to C-8. Articular branches arose from the deep surface of the interneural connections as they crossed the adjacent facet joint on 34.6% of sides. Loops giving rise to fibers that terminated into surrounding musculature were seen on 35% of sides. Conclusions. Physical examinations that reveal unexpected results, such as altered sensory dermatome findings, may be attributed to the Cruveilhier plexus. Based on findings in the present study, surgical procedures, such as those aimed at completely denervating the upper posterior cervical musculature, facets, or nerves supplying the skin of the occiput, must also transect the Cruveilhier plexus.


Kamau T.M.,Ohio University | Olson V.G.,Dominican College at Orangeburg | Zipp G.P.,Seton Hall University | Clark M.,Long Island University
AIDS Patient Care and STDs | Year: 2011

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the coping self-efficacy (CSE) scale and adherence to HIV medication in men and women enrolled in a large HIV treatment program in Kenya. Data were collected from a sample of 354 volunteers attending Nazareth Hospital's nine satellite clinics located in parts of Nairobi, and the central province of Kenya. A social demographic survey, Adult Clinical Trials Group adherence questionnaire, and CSE scale were used to obtain information. Descriptive statistics and logistic regressions were performed to analyze data and to test study hypotheses. Females were less likely to be nonadherent than males: the odds of adherence for females were 3.7 of the odds of adherence for males. Controlling for gender, CSE was significant. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy can be partially explained by CSE. Efforts aimed at building self-efficacy are likely to improve and maintain adherence to HIV and other medication. Implications, limitations, and future directions are discussed. © 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Amato S.,Dominican College at Orangeburg | Hong S.,San Francisco State University | Rosenblum L.P.,University of Arizona
Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness | Year: 2013

Introduction: This article, based on a study of 196 teachers of students with visual impairments, reports on the experiences with and opinions related to their decisions about instructing their students who are blind or have low vision in the abacus. Methods: The participants completed an online survey on how they decide which students should be taught abacus computation skills and which skills they teach. Data were also gathered on those who reported that they did not teach computation with the abacus. Results: The participants resided in the United States and Canada and had various numbers of years of teaching experience. More than two-thirds of those who reported that they taught abacus computation skills indicated that they began instruction when their students were between preschool and the second grade. When students were provided with instruction in abacus computation, the most frequently taught skills were the operations of addition and subtraction. More than two-thirds of the participants reported that students were allowed to use an abacus on high-stakes tests in their state or province. Discussion: Teachers of students with visual impairments are teaching students to compute using the Cranmer abacus. A small number of participants reported they did not teach computation with an abacus to their students because of their own lack of knowledge. Implications for practitioners: The abacus has a role in the toolbox of today's students with visual impairments. Among other implications for educational practice, further studies are needed to examine more closely how teachers of students with visual impairments are instructing their students in computation with an abacus. Topics to examine include the frequency of instruction, the age at which instruction begins, how instruction is provided to children with multiple disabilities, whether instruction is provided in the general education classroom or via pullouts, the role of math teachers and paraeducators in instruction, and how the abacus could be used collaboratively with technology. © 2013 AFB All Rights Reserved.


Rosenblum L.P.,University of Arizona | Hong S.,San Francisco State University | Amato S.,Dominican College at Orangeburg
Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness | Year: 2013

Introduction: This article reports on a study of 196 teachers who shared their experiences and opinions related to how they were taught to use the Cranmer abacus. Methods: In February and March 2012, the participants completed an online survey to gather information about their preparation in using and beliefs about computation with the Cranmer abacus. Results: The participants resided in both the United States and Canada and had various years of experience. The majority (n=112) reported learning computation with an abacus in their personnel preparation programs. The participants rated their level of agreement with belief statements. Statements with the highest level of agreement included one that indicated that when sighted individuals use pencil and paper for computation, an individual with a visual impairment should be allowed to use an abacus, and another that an abacus is an accessible and inexpensive tool. Discussion: The self-report data from 196 participants indicated that computation with an abacus is taught in university programs, although there is variability in what computational skills are taught and what methods are used. There was a higher level of agreement with statements that implied the positive attributes of using an abacus for computation than with those that implied negative attributes (for example, the abacus is obsolete). Implications for practitioners: University preparation programs are continuing to teach some level of abacus computation skills to their students. It is not clear if the level of instruction is adequate. Further studies are warranted that examine what pre-and in-service teachers of students with visual impairments are learning and how they are learning in their university preparation programs and through other methods. © 2013 AFB All Rights Reserved.


Hsu D.K.,Dominican College at Orangeburg
IMSCI 2015 - 9th International Multi-Conference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics, Proceedings | Year: 2015

EISTA conferences were held for 20 years. You published your papers here. Students can view your paper online. Search on Google, Bing, or Yahoo, they get millions of matches. It is called the Big Data. You publish 20 papers. How many people read your papers? This paper did the analysis and tried to provide answers.


Hsu D.K.,Dominican College at Orangeburg
IMSCI 2011 - 5th International Multi-Conference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics, Proceedings | Year: 2011

Student enrollment in IT (computer science, information systems, etc) was done 30 to 80 percent. Survey using SPSS could not provide any solutions. Working with high school guidance counselor did not work. Outsourcing in IT jobs gave bad news. Internet III, Twitter and Web 2.0 (ITW) are the new fads. Students used ITW non-stop, in the classroom. Yet women would not major in business or IT. Using interactive question/answer in the classroom, coupled with PowerPoint presentation, got student attention. They slowly turned off their ITWs. "Hands-on" in-class exercises put them to work as teams. Case studies on final projects helped them to gain communication and leadership skills. Results: women become Business or IT majors.


Hsu D.K.,Dominican College at Orangeburg
IMSCI 2011 - 5th International Multi-Conference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics, Proceedings | Year: 2011

Undergraduate IT enrollment, were down. Master Degree prograin in Information System Management (MISM) was struggling. Internet III. Twitter and Web 2.0 (ITW) are new fads. Students used ITW nonstop, in the classroom. Interactive teaching got their attention. Students turned off ITWs. Case studies provided communication and leadership skills. Results: MSIM enrollment was increased and a full-time faculty was hired.


Hsu D.K.,Dominican College at Orangeburg
WMSCI 2011 - The 15th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Proceedings | Year: 2011

Internet III. Twitter and Web 2.0 (ITW) are the new fads. Students used 1TW non-stop, in the classroom. Strategies to compete with ITW to recruit women and MSIM students were discussed in two papers at this conference. Web 2.0 social network sites such as Facebook. Twitter, YouTube generated 650 million followers. Should the business embrace them? In November 2009, this author employed the Linkcdin as a tool to connect with professionals. Organizing eleven E-Lcader conferences at Asia and Europe proved to be a social entrepreneurship for academic globalization. Results: 2.500+ professionals were linked and 127 board members joined from 31 countries.

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