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Liu J.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Huo J.L.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Bi B.L.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Li D.L.,Domestic Animal Breeding and Crossbreed improvement Station of Yunnan Province | And 6 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015

Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is involved in the deposition of milk calcium in mammal lactation, but its role in buffalo is unclear. In this study, the full-length coding sequence of the water buffalo PTHrP gene was first isolated using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The protein was then subjected to molecular characterization using bioinformatic methods, and the tissue expression pattern was further assayed by semi-quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. The water buffalo PTHrP gene contains an open reading frame of 534 base pairs encoding a polypeptide of 177 amino acid residues, a theoretical molecular weight of 20.32 kDa, and an isoelectric point of 10.00. In addition, water buffalo PTHrP was predicted to contain a signal peptide, a typical hydrophobic region with no hydrophobic transmembrane regions, and to exert its function in the cell nucleus. A conserved domain of parathyroid superfamily from amino acids 34-114 was observed in the polypeptide. Sequence comparison and the phylogenetic analysis showed that the sequence of the water buffalo PTHrP protein shared high homology with that of other mammals, particularly cattle and goat. Among the 16 tissues examined, the PTHrP gene was only expressed in adipose tissue, placenta, uterine wall, hypophysis, and mammary gland tissue, but gene expression levels were higher in the uterus wall and adipose tissue. The results of this study suggest that the PTHrP gene plays an important role in the deposition of milk calcium of water buffalo. © FUNPEC-RP. Source


Yuan F.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Huo J.L.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Li D.L.,Domestic Animal Breeding and Crossbreed improvement Station of Yunnan Province | Li D.L.,China Institute of Technology | And 5 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2014

The activity-regulated cytoskeletal associated protein (Arc/Arg3.1) has been implicated in experience-dependent synaptic plasticity and memory formation. However, information regarding its coding gene in buffalo remains scarce. In this study, the full-length of Arc/Arg3.1 was isolated and characterized (accession No. JX491649) and genetic variations of six river buffalo and eight swamp buffalo were investigated. A tissue expression profile was obtained using semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The coding region sequence of Arc/Arg3.1 contained 1191 nucleotides encoding a putative protein of 396 amino acids with a theoretical isoelectric point (pI) and molecular weight (Mw) of 5.4 and 45.2 kDa, respectively. Four polymorphisms (c.63T>C, c.228T>C, c.558G>A, and c.625G>C) were found in buffalo; however, only substitution c.625G>C was non-synonymous, leading to an amino acid change from Val to Leu at the 209th position of the Arc/Arg3.1 protein sequence. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that this substitution had no significant effect on Arc/Arg3.1 function (subPSEC = -1.4039, Pdeleterious = 0.1685), which indicated that Arc/Arg3.1 was highly conserved and functionally important in buffalo. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the gene is closely related to that of Bos taurus and Bos grunniens. The gene was moderately expressed in the hypophysis and the placenta; it was weakly expressed in the kidney, milk, mammary gland, cerebrum, lung, heart, rumen, fat, and uterus; and it was almost silent in the muscle, liver, and skin. These findings will provide further insights into the structure and function of the immediate-early gene in buffalo. © FUNPEC-RP. Source


Wu C.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Huo J.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Li D.,Domestic Animal Breeding and Crossbreed improvement Station of Yunnan Province | Yuan Y.,Domestic Animal Breeding and Crossbreed improvement Station of Yunnan Province | And 3 more authors.
Tropical Animal Health and Production | Year: 2014

Insulin-induced genes INSIGs) are recently discovered genes that are involved in the metabolism of cholesterol and lipogenesis in animal tissues. In this study, two INSIG genes (INSIG1 and INSIG2) were isolated and characterized in 11 buffalo. The full-length coding sequence (CDS) of the buffalo INSIG1 consists of 831 bp which encodes a 276 amino acid protein with molecular mass 29.55 kD. And the INSIG2 CDS is 678 bp in length which encodes a 225 amino acid protein with molecular mass 24.87 kD. No polymorphisms were found in the CDSs of the buffalo INSIGs, but seven and two nucleotide differences were found in the CDSs between buffalo and other bovine species. Phylogenetic analyses based on the INSIG amino acid sequences showed that buffalo was grouped with other members in the Bovidae family. Four types of putative modification sites were detected in buffalo INSIG proteins. And two predicted microRNA target sites were found respectively in the CDSs of buffalo INSIG1 and INSIG2. The tissue expression analyses by quantitative PCR (qPCR) revealed that the buffalo INSIG1 was expressed in ten tissues tested. Among these tissues, the liver and mammary gland showed high expression levels. And the INSIG2 was only expressed in the brain, mammary glands, pituitary, abomasum, heart, and liver.Among these tissues, the mammary gland, brain, and pituitary demonstrated a high expression levels. These data provide the primary foundation for further insights into the buffalo INSIG genes. © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013. Source


Wu C.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Liu L.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Huo J.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Li D.,Domestic Animal Breeding and Crossbreed improvement Station of Yunnan Province | And 4 more authors.
Turkish Journal of Biology | Year: 2014

The objective of this study was to obtain the complete coding sequences (CDSs) of 3 buffalo genes (AKT1, AKT2, and AKT3) using reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and to depict their molecular characterizations and tissue expression patterns in buffalo. The buffalo AKT1, AKT2, and AKT3 CDSs were 1443 bp, 1446 bp, and 1440 bp in length and encoded 480, 481, and 479 amino acids, respectively. Nine, 13, and 3 nucleotide differences were found in the CDSs between buffalo and other bovine species. Phylogenetic analyses showed that buffalo AKT1 and AKT2 have close genetic relationships with other species in the family Bovidae, while AKT3 is highly conserved in mammals. Buffalo AKT1, AKT2, and AKT3 all have a pleckstrin homology domain, a Ser/Thr-specific kinase domain, and a C-terminal hydrophobic regulatory domain. The tissue expression profiles were tested by real-time quantitative PCR and revealed that the buffalo AKTs were expressed in 10 tissues. Among these tissues, mammary glands showed high expression levels, which indicated that AKT genes might be important in the regulation of mammary gland functions in buffalo. © TÜBİTAK. Source


Song S.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Huo J.L.,Yunnan Agricultural University | Li D.L.,Domestic Animal Breeding and Crossbreed improvement Station of Yunnan Province | Li D.L.,China Institute of Technology | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2013

Several 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate-O-acyltransferases (AGPATs) can acylate lysophosphatidic acid to produce phosphatidic acid. Of the eight AGPAT isoforms, AGPAT6 is a crucial enzyme for glycerolipids and triacylglycerol biosynthesis in some mammalian tissues. We amplified and identified the complete coding sequence (CDS) of the water buffalo AGPAT6 gene by using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, based on the conversed sequence information of the cattle or expressed sequence tags of other Bovidae species. This novel gene was deposited in the NCBI database (accession No. JX518941). Sequence analysis revealed that the CDS of this AGPAT6 encodes a 456-amino acid enzyme (molecular mass = 52 kDa; pI = 9.34). Water buffalo AGPAT6 contains three hydrophobic transmembrane regions and a signal 37-amino acid peptide, localized in the cytoplasm. The deduced amino acid sequences share 99, 98, 98, 97, 98, 98, 97 and 95% identity with their homologous sequences from cattle, horse, human, mouse, orangutan, pig, rat, and chicken, respectively. The phylogenetic tree analysis based on the AGPAT6 CDS showed that water buffalo has a closer genetic relationship with cattle than with other species. Tissue expression profile analysis shows that this gene is highly expressed in the mammary gland, moderately expressed in the heart, muscle, liver, and brain; weakly expressed in the pituitary gland, spleen, and lung; and almost silently expressed in the small intestine, skin, kidney, and adipose tissues. Four predicted microRNA target sites are found in the water buffalo AGPAT6 CDS. These results will establish a foundation for further insights into this novel water buffalo gene. © FUNPEC-RP. Source

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