Karnāl, India
Karnāl, India

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Shrivastava P.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Jain T.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Jain T.,Jiwaji University | Trivedi V.B.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit
International Journal of Legal Medicine | Year: 2016

An analysis of 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci and 17 Y-STR loci was performed in 123 unrelated members of the Oraon tribal community of Central India. The combined power of discrimination (CPD) and combined power of exclusion (CPE) were greater than 0.99999 and 0.999989, respectively, for autosomal STRs. In addition, a total of 58 distinct Y-STR haplotypes were observed out of which 54 Y-STR haplotypes were observed only once. The haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity for 17 Y-STR loci was 0.997 and 0.906, respectively. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


PubMed | Indian Veterinary Research Institute, DNA Fingerprinting Unit and Krishi Bhawan
Type: | Journal: Meta gene | Year: 2015

The most polymorphic milk protein gene is -casein; 13 protein variants are known in cattle. Milk protein genetic polymorphism has received considerable research interest in recent years because of possible associations between milk protein and economically important traits in livestock. The present study was undertaken to explore the genetic polymorphisms in exon 7 of -casein and exon 4 of -casein genes in Arunachali yaks (Bos grunniens), Sahiwal (Bos indicus) cattle, malpura sheep (Ovis aries) and Gaddi goat (Capra hircus). Results of the study revealed presence of 11 SNP variants in all livestock species. Four SNPs were observed in Bos indicus; two SNPs in Bos grunniens; three SNPs in Ovis aries and three SNPs in Capra hircus. These variations are found to be synonymous in nature as these variations do not result in their corresponding amino acids. A total of five polymorphic sites have been described at the -casein (CSN3) locus in the Indian domestic Gaddi goat (Capra hircus) when compared with exotic goat (X60763) while sequence analysis of -casein gene in sheep showed three novel nucleotide changes in malpura sheep when compared with the exotic sheep (AY237637). These results highlight the importance of taking into consideration the CSN3 SNPs when performing selection for milk composition in dairy livestock breeds.


Kataria R.S.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Tait Jr. R.G.,Iowa State University | Kumar D.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Ortega M.A.,University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez | And 2 more authors.
Immunogenetics | Year: 2011

Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a receptor protein that binds pathogen ligands, which are mainly associated with Gram-negative bacteria. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of nucleotide polymorphisms in TLR4 with infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), or pinkeye, incidence in American Angus cattle. Animals with previously calculated breeding values for IBK susceptibility were used to identify two SNPs in TLR4; Int1 (A/G) in intron1 (-26 Ex2 position) and Ex3 (C/T) in exon3 (1,678 position). To investigate the possible role of these SNPs in IBK susceptibility, the disease incidence information was collected on 370 calves raised in Iowa at two time points-June or August (disease season) and October (at weaning) and genotyped using PCR-RFLP protocols. In statistical models including year, pasture management group, and SNP, the Int1 SNP had a significant effect on IBK infection rates both in-season (P∈<∈0.05) and at weaning (P∈<∈0.01), whereas the Ex3 SNP was not significant (P∈>∈0.79) at either time point. Furthermore, the Int1 SNP alone could account for 2.1% of phenotypic variation in IBK infection during the disease season and 3.0% of phenotypic variation in IBK infection at the time of weaning. These data indicate that there is a relationship between Int1 genotype and the rate of IBK infection in American Angus cattle. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Shrivastava P.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Jain T.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Trivedi V.B.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit
Annals of Human Biology | Year: 2016

Aim To estimate population parameters based on allele frequencies obtained for 15 polymorphic autosomal STR loci investigated in caste and tribal populations of central India (n = 419). Methods Multiplexed PCR amplifications of the 15 Autosomal STR Loci were performed and amplified products were genotyped using multi-capillary electrophoresis on an ABI 3100 genetic analyser. Parameters of population genetics and forensic interest based on the allele frequencies were calculated. Genetic affinity of the studied populations among themselves and with previously reported populations of India was also analysed using distance-based NJ tree and using PCA plot. Results All the 15 STR loci were highly informative and discriminating, with CPD of 0.999 99. Except for Brahmins and Rajput, all other studied populations were in Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (HWE). The only tribe (Gond) population studied showed significant variation with the other four caste populations (Brahmin, Yadav, Rajput and Muslim) studied and formed a cluster with other previously reported tribal populations of India. Nei’s genetic distance based clustering pattern of the NJ tree and the PCA plot showed the same pattern of genetic relationship, i.e. caste and tribal populations formed a distinct cluster. Conclusions With respect to the distribution of alleles at each STR locus, the studied loci were found to be substantially polymorphic in all the studied populations, indicating good informativeness of all 15 STR markers. The population data generated in this study are useful for forensic, anthropological and demographic studies. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


Jain T.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Shrivastava P.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Trivedi V.B.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit
International Journal of Legal Medicine | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to contribute new data on autosomal STR and Y-STR markers of the Majhi tribal community of Chhattisgarh, a state of central India. In order to improve available databases of forensic interest, we analyzed 15 autosomal STR markers in a population sample of 129 unrelated indigenous Majhi tribe and 23 Y-chromosomal STR markers in the 107 males of the sample. The combined power of discrimination (CPD) and combined power of exclusion (CPE) were greater than 0.999999 and 0.999998 respectively for autosomal STRs. In addition, a total of 64 distinct Y-STR haplotypes were observed out of which 31 Y-STR haplotypes were observed only once. The haplotypes diversity and discrimination capacity for 23 Y-STR loci was 0.989 and 0.589, respectively. The highest gene diversity values at the single copy locus DYS570 and the multi-copy locus DYS385 a/b were 0.805 and 0.952, respectively. Average gene diversity over loci was 0.652304 ± 0.325572. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Shrivastava P.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Jain T.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Gupta U.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit | Trivedi V.B.,DNA Fingerprinting Unit
Legal Medicine | Year: 2015

The analysis of 12 X STR loci (DXS10103, DXS8378, DXS7132, DXS10134, DXS10074, DXS10101, DXS10135, DXS7423, DXS10146, DXS10079, HPRTB and DXS10148) belonging to four linkage group was done in 183 (100 males and 83 females) unrelated members of Bhil population. Heterozygosity among the studied 12 X STR loci showed a distribution of from 59.7% to 92.8%. No significant difference was recorded in the allele frequencies of males and females. The loci DXS10135 and DXS10101 were found to be most polymorphic. Haplotype diversity was found to be higher than 0.990 for all the four linkage groups. A total of 86, 69, 71 and 71 haplotypes were observed for linkage group I, II, III and IV, respectively. The results showed departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium with respect to three loci DXS10079, DXS10135 and DXS10101. This is first report on these 12 X STR markers from India. All the loci in the Argus X 12 kit were fairly informative in the Bhil population and the population showed significant genetic variation with all the compared populations from other parts of the world. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


PubMed | DNA Fingerprinting Unit
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of legal medicine | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to contribute new data on autosomal STR and Y-STR markers of the Majhi tribal community of Chhattisgarh, a state of central India. In order to improve available databases of forensic interest, we analyzed 15 autosomal STR markers in a population sample of 129 unrelated indigenous Majhi tribe and 23 Y-chromosomal STR markers in the 107 males of the sample. The combined power of discrimination (CPD) and combined power of exclusion (CPE) were greater than 0.999999 and 0.999998 respectively for autosomal STRs. In addition, a total of 64 distinct Y-STR haplotypes were observed out of which 31 Y-STR haplotypes were observed only once. The haplotypes diversity and discrimination capacity for 23 Y-STR loci was 0.989 and 0.589, respectively. The highest gene diversity values at the single copy locus DYS570 and the multi-copy locus DYS385 a/b were 0.805 and 0.952, respectively. Average gene diversity over loci was 0.6523040.325572.


PubMed | DNA Fingerprinting Unit
Type: | Journal: SpringerPlus | Year: 2015

The analysis of 15 autosomal STR locus (TH01, D3S1358, vWA, D21S11, TPOX, D7S820, D19S433, D5S818, D2S1338, D16S539, CSF1PO, D13S317, FGA, D18S51, D8S1179) was done in 582 healthy unrelated individuals (Male-366, Female-216) originating from the various geographical regions of Madhya Pradesh, India. All locus fall under Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium except TPOX. These STR loci were highly informative and discriminating with combined power of discrimination (CPD) >0.99999. Locus wise allele frequencies of the studied population were compared with the other published populations. Also the Clustering pattern and genetic distance of studied populations is compared and presented with various populations. The studied population showed the genetic proximity with geographically close populations of India and significant genetic variation with distant populations which is also evident by clustering pattern of the NJ tree and the PCA plot.


PubMed | DNA Fingerprinting Unit
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of legal medicine | Year: 2016

An analysis of 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci and 17 Y-STR loci was performed in 123 unrelated members of the Oraon tribal community of Central India. The combined power of discrimination (CPD) and combined power of exclusion (CPE) were greater than 0.99999 and 0.999989, respectively, for autosomal STRs. In addition, a total of 58 distinct Y-STR haplotypes were observed out of which 54 Y-STR haplotypes were observed only once. The haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity for 17 Y-STR loci was 0.997 and 0.906, respectively.


PubMed | DNA Fingerprinting Unit
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Legal medicine (Tokyo, Japan) | Year: 2015

The analysis of 12 X STR loci (DXS10103, DXS8378, DXS7132, DXS10134, DXS10074, DXS10101, DXS10135, DXS7423, DXS10146, DXS10079, HPRTB and DXS10148) belonging to four linkage group was done in 183 (100 males and 83 females) unrelated members of Bhil population. Heterozygosity among the studied 12 X STR loci showed a distribution of from 59.7% to 92.8%. No significant difference was recorded in the allele frequencies of males and females. The loci DXS10135 and DXS10101 were found to be most polymorphic. Haplotype diversity was found to be higher than 0.990 for all the four linkage groups. A total of 86, 69, 71 and 71 haplotypes were observed for linkage group I, II, III and IV, respectively. The results showed departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium with respect to three loci DXS10079, DXS10135 and DXS10101. This is first report on these 12 X STR markers from India. All the loci in the Argus X 12 kit were fairly informative in the Bhil population and the population showed significant genetic variation with all the compared populations from other parts of the world.

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