Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital

Gazi, Turkey

Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital

Gazi, Turkey
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Pekkolay Z.,Dicle University | Klnc F.,Dicle University | Tuzcu S.A.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Soylu H.,Dicle University | Tuzcu A.K.,Dicle University
Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2017

5-alpha reductase is an enzyme which is responsible for the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the peripheral tissues. It plays a key role in the development of male external genitalia. The present study was carried to make a clinical presentation of five male patients diagnosed with 5-alpha reductase deficiency resulting in the developmental disorder of male sexuality as well as to draw attention to the patients’ medical history, physical examination and laboratory features. A test group comprising of five male subjects previously diagnosed with 5-alpha reductase deciency after being hospitalized and a series of examinations between April 2007 and July 2014, were enrolled in the study. Physical examination, hormonal pro?les, radiological ?ndings and karyotype analyses of the patients were carried out and their previous medical history was recorded. All the patients with karyotype 46 XY were raised as a female. They had external genitalia similar to each other and expressed a lower level of DHT. The patients with a disorder of male sex development, who expressed lower levels of dihydrotestosterone, must be checked for 5-alpha reductase deficiency. © 2017 by Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism Association Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism published by Türkiye Klinikleri.


Taskin B.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Taskin B.,Gazi University | Percin F.E.,Gazi University | Ergun M.A.,Gazi University
Psychopharmacology Bulletin | Year: 2016

Pharmacogenetics is interested in the variable response to drugs depending on the genetic constitution of an individual. Depending on the genetic variation in individuals known as polymorphism; leads to differences in the types of proteins, enzymes or receptors that play a role in the elimination of drugs. Investigation of the correlation between the genotype with phenotype changes in drug metabolism is among the most important topics of today. CYP2D6 gene polymorphisms show clinical efficiency in the use of especially antidepressants, neuroleptics, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, beta blocker, and morphine derivatives. Poor metabolizers have been shown to demonstrate adverse drug reactions to these drugs. The plasma concentrations tend to increase inducing side effects after using a standard dose in poor metabolizers. The ratio of poor metabolizers in Caucasians is 5-10%, whereas 3.4-3.8% of the Turkish population. The allele frequencies of CYP2D6 *2, *3, *4 and *10 were found in 35%, 6%, 10% and 26% respectively in 200 healthy controls. The ratio of poor metabolizers in our population revealed as 1%. Genotyping of CYP2D6 is very important for determining a better genotype-phenotype relation. © 2016, MedWorks Media LLC. All rights reserved.


Ay N.,Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital | Bahadr M.V.,Dicle University | Anl M.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Alp V.,Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

Objectives: There are studies that show that double J stenting (DJS) increase BK nephropathy (BKN) 4 fold. DJS may cause vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) with normal bladder contraction. The aim of this study is to comparison risk of BKN, urinary tract infections (UTI) and postoperative urologic complications with the use DJS with anti-reflux device (ARD-DJS) and standart double J stent (St-DJS). Matherial and methods: Ninety patients (male/female: 50/40) that had undergone kidney transplantations in Diyarbakır Training and Research Hospital and Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine Hospital between January 2012 and April 2015 were enrolled in the study. Demographic data, immunosuppression protocols, presence of rejection, graft loss, postoperative urologic complications, UTI, plasma BK levels of the patients were evaluated retrospectively. Results: Median and IQR follow up time for ARD-DJS and St-DJS patients were 14 (12-18) months and 25 (16-30) months respectively. Five cases (5.5%) had BK viremia (P=0.025). All 5 cases with BK viremia were St-DJS users. Conclusion: As a result for postoperative UTI and postoperative urinary complication risk there were no statistically significant difference between ARD-DJS use and St-DJS use during ureteral anastomosis. BKN univariate analysis were significantly less than those st-DJS used. Risc factors were evaluated. But results were not statistically significant in the logistic regression analysis. We think that to demonstrate this benefit, we need randomized controlled studies with more patients and longer follow up. © 2015, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.


Ay N.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Dinc B.,Ataturk State Hospital | Alp V.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Kaya S.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Sevuk U.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management | Year: 2015

Background and aim: In our study we aimed to compare laparoscopic intracorporeal knotting technique (base of the appendix was ligated with 20 cm of 2.0 silk) in patients with complicated acute appendicitis (CAA) and noncomplicated acute appendicitis. Patients and methods: Ninety patients (female/male: 40/50, age ranging from 16 to 60 years, median age and interquartile range [IQR]: 25 [20; 32] years) who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy were included in the study. The patients were evaluated for the type of acute appendicitis, duration of operation, duration of hospital stay, and postoperative complications. Results: The number of cases diagnosed as CAA was 28 (31.1%), and the number of noncomplicated cases was 62 (68.9%). We found that there was no significant difference in postoperative complication rates between complicated and noncomplicated appendicitis cases. Incision site infection was seen in seven cases (7.8%) and ileus was seen in two cases (2.2%). Bleeding, intra-abdominal abscess, and appendix stump leakage were not observed in any of the cases. Median and IQR duration of operation were 42 (35; 52) minutes and median and IQR duration of hospital stay were detected as 2 (1; 2) (range 1–10) days. Conclusion: Laparoscopic intracorporeal knotting technique may be a safe, effective, and reliable technique as the materials needed for closing the appendix stumps are easily available for both CAA cases and noncomplicated cases. © 2015, Ay et al.


Topaktas R.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Altn S.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Aydn C.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Akkoc A.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Ylmaz Y.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
Turk Uroloji Dergisi | Year: 2014

Objective: Many patients consult emergency services with urological complaints. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology, clinical presentation and treatments of urological emergency cases in a training and research hospital.Material and methods: We retrospectively evaluated urological emergency patients referred to the emergency unit between July 2012 and July 2013 according to age, gender, affected organ, radiological imaging techniques and treatment.Results: Among 141.844 emergency cases, 3.113 (2.19%) were urological emergencies and 53.2% of the patients were male (mean age: 49.1), and 46.8% of them were female (median age: 42.8). The most frequent illness was genitourinary infection constituting 41.2% of the cases followed by renal colic (36.9%). Among the urological emergencies 483 (15.5%) patients were hospitalized and 152 surgical operations were performed. The mostly performed procedure was the placement of a suprapubic catheter in 34 patients constituting (22.3%) of the cases. Totally eight patients were referred to another experienced health center due to different reasons.Conclusion: Most of the urological emergency patients do not require emergency surgical interventions however, timely identification and management of urological emergencies with in-depth clinical evaluation are important to prevent late complications. Therefore the doctors working in emergency services must be heedful of urological emergencies. © 2014 by Turkish Association of Urology.


Elbir F.,Bezmialem Foundation University | Basbuyuk I.,Bezmialem Foundation University | Topaktas R.,Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital | Kardas S.,Bezmialem Foundation University | And 3 more authors.
Turk Uroloji Dergisi | Year: 2015

Objective: In this study, the outcomes of 279 cases in whom we performed retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) were evaluated retrospectively. Material and methods: RIRS was performed on 279 cases with the aid of access sheath of guidewire between March 2011 and February 2015. All patients were operated in the standard lithotomy position. A hydrophilic guidewire was inserted with the aid of rigid ureterorenoscopy and we checked whether there were any residual ureteral stones and other pathologies. Fluoroscopy was used routinely in all cases. Stone fragments smaller than 3 mm were left off but those bigger than 3 mm were removed by grasper after stone fragmentation. Controls of the patients were assessed by plain films (KUB), urinary tract ultrasonography (US) and/or computed tomography (CT) 1 month after the operation. Success rate of the procedure was defined as the stone-free status or presence of residual fragments less than 3 mm. Results: 152 of the patients were male and 127 were female. The median ages of the male and female patients were 47.7 (1-86) ve 45.9 (3-79) years respectively. The median stone size was 13.5 mm (8-25). Preoperatively 34 (12.1%) patients had double-J ureteral stent. 19 (6.8%) patients were operated while they were still receiving antithrombotic and antiplatelet therapy Solitary kidney was present in 24 patients while the remaining patients had kyphoscoliosis (n=3), rotation anomaly (n=6), pelvic kidney (n=2), double collecting system (n=3), and horseshoe kidney (n=6). In 264 patients access sheath was used, in 15 patients operation was performed with the help of the guidewire. Double-J stents were inserted to 14 patients because of ureteral stricture and they underwent operation after 2 weeks later. Renal stones of 219 patients among all cases were fragmented completely and the patients were discharged as stone free (SF). Our success rate (SF or presence of clinically insignificant residual [CIRF]) was 78.4%. Stone size (p=0.029), stone number (p=0.01), stone location (p=0.023) had significant influence on the stone-free rate after RIRS The mean operation and floroscopy time was 62.5 min. (40-180) and 29.8 sec (4-96), respectively. The mean hospitalization time was 26.4 hours (12-72). Double J stents were placed to 253 patients for more stone burden and ureteral edema. Any complication was not observed for all cases except perioperative developed infection for two patients. Conclusion: With advances in laser technology and flexible ureterorenoscopy, kidney stones can be treated with lower morbidity and high success rates. © 2015 by Turkish Association of Urology.


PubMed | Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Turkish journal of urology | Year: 2015

Many patients consult emergency services with urological complaints. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology, clinical presentation and treatments of urological emergency cases in a training and research hospital.We retrospectively evaluated urological emergency patients referred to the emergency unit between July 2012 and July 2013 according to age, gender, affected organ, radiological imaging techniques and treatment.Among 141.844 emergency cases, 3.113 (2.19%) were urological emergencies and 53.2% of the patients were male (mean age: 49.1), and 46.8% of them were female (median age: 42.8). The most frequent illness was genitourinary infection constituting 41.2% of the cases followed by renal colic (36.9%). Among the urological emergencies 483 (15.5%) patients were hospitalized and 152 surgical operations were performed. The mostly performed procedure was the placement of a suprapubic catheter in 34 patients constituting (22.3%) of the cases. Totally eight patients were referred to another experienced health center due to different reasons.Most of the urological emergency patients do not require emergency surgical interventions however, timely identification and management of urological emergencies with in-depth clinical evaluation are important to prevent late complications. Therefore the doctors working in emergency services must be heedful of urological emergencies.


PubMed | Ataturk State Hospital and Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
Type: | Journal: Therapeutics and clinical risk management | Year: 2015

In our study we aimed to compare laparoscopic intracorporeal knotting technique (base of the appendix was ligated with 20 cm of 2.0 silk) in patients with complicated acute appendicitis (CAA) and noncomplicated acute appendicitis.Ninety patients (female/male: 40/50, age ranging from 16 to 60 years, median age and interquartile range [IQR]: 25 [20; 32] years) who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy were included in the study. The patients were evaluated for the type of acute appendicitis, duration of operation, duration of hospital stay, and postoperative complications.The number of cases diagnosed as CAA was 28 (31.1%), and the number of noncomplicated cases was 62 (68.9%). We found that there was no significant difference in postoperative complication rates between complicated and noncomplicated appendicitis cases. Incision site infection was seen in seven cases (7.8%) and ileus was seen in two cases (2.2%). Bleeding, intra-abdominal abscess, and appendix stump leakage were not observed in any of the cases. Median and IQR duration of operation were 42 (35; 52) minutes and median and IQR duration of hospital stay were detected as 2 (1; 2) (range 1-10) days.Laparoscopic intracorporeal knotting technique may be a safe, effective, and reliable technique as the materials needed for closing the appendix stumps are easily available for both CAA cases and noncomplicated cases.


PubMed | Bezmialem Foundation University and Diyarbakr Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Turkish journal of urology | Year: 2015

In this study, the outcomes of 279 cases in whom we performed retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) were evaluated retrospectively.RIRS was performed on 279 cases with the aid of access sheath of guidewire between March 2011 and February 2015. All patients were operated in the standard lithotomy position. A hydrophilic guidewire was inserted with the aid of rigid ureterorenoscopy and we checked whether there were any residual ureteral stones and other pathologies. Fluoroscopy was used routinely in all cases. Stone fragments smaller than 3 mm were left off but those bigger than 3 mm were removed by grasper after stone fragmentation. Controls of the patients were assessed by plain films (KUB), urinary tract ultrasonography (US) and/or computed tomography (CT) 1 month after the operation. Success rate of the procedure was defined as the stone-free status or presence of residual fragments less than 3 mm.152 of the patients were male and 127 were female. The median ages of the male and female patients were 47.7 (1-86) ve 45.9 (3-79) years respectively. The median stone size was 13.5 mm (8-25). Preoperatively 34 (12.1%) patients had double-J ureteral stent. 19 (6.8%) patients were operated while they were still receiving antithrombotic and antiplatelet therapy Solitary kidney was present in 24 patients while the remaining patients had kyphoscoliosis (n=3), rotation anomaly (n=6), pelvic kidney (n=2), double collecting system (n=3), and horseshoe kidney (n=6). In 264 patients access sheath was used, in 15 patients operation was performed with the help of the guidewire. Double-J stents were inserted to 14 patients because of ureteral stricture and they underwent operation after 2 weeks later. Renal stones of 219 patients among all cases were fragmented completely and the patients were discharged as stone free (SF). Our success rate (SF or presence of clinically insignificant residual [CIRF]) was 78.4%. Stone size (p=0.029), stone number (p=0.01), stone location (p=0.023) had significant influence on the stone-free rate after RIRS The mean operation and floroscopy time was 62.5 min. (40-180) and 29.8 sec (4-96), respectively. The mean hospitalization time was 26.4 hours (12-72). Double J stents were placed to 253 patients for more stone burden and ureteral edema. Any complication was not observed for all cases except perioperative developed infection for two patients.With advances in laser technology and flexible ureterorenoscopy, kidney stones can be treated with lower morbidity and high success rates.

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