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Sevuk U.,Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital | Ozyalcin S.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Ayaz F.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Kose K.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2016

Spontaneous coronary artery rupture (CAR) is an extremely rare, life-threatening entity. It is a challenge to make a diagnosis of CAR in the absence of pericardial effusion. We describe a case of a spontaneous rupture of the right coronary artery (RCA) without pericardial effusion that emphasises the benefit of high clinical suspicion and early diagnosis. A 60-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department, with inferior myocardial infarction. Echocardiogram was negative for a pericardial effusion. Coronary angiography revealed complete occlusion of the RCA with intraluminal dissection and extravasation of contrast into the epicardium at the mid-portion of the RCA, which suggested rupture of the RCA. The patient underwent uneventful emergency coronary artery bypass grafting. CAR should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients with acute chest pain, even in the absence of pericardial effusion, particularly in case of inferior wall involvement. © 2016 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


Sevuk U.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi | Cakil N.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi | Altindag R.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Baysal E.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Heart Surgery Forum | Year: 2014

Background: Hyperglycemia is common after cardiac surgery in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Association between nadir hematocrit levels on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and postoperative hyperglycemia is not clear. This study was carried out to determine the relationship between nadir hematocrit during CPB and postoperative hyperglycemia in nondiabetic patients. Methods: Records of 200 nondiabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting operation were retrospectively reviewed. In the first analysis, patients were divided into two subgroups according to the presence or absence of hyperglycemia. Further analysis was made after dividing the patients into 3 subgroups according to nadir hematocrit levels on CPB (less than 20%; 20% to 25%; greater than or equal to 25%). Results: Compared to patients without hyperglycemia, patients with postoperative hyperglycemia had significantly lower preoperative hematocrit levels (p = 0.004) and were associated with lower nadir hematocrit levels during CPB (p= 0.002). Peak intensive care unit blood glucose levels and number of blood transfusions were significantly higher in patients with nadir hematocrit levels less than 20. (p<0.001 and p<0.001 respectively). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that nadir hematocrit levels less than 20% (OR 2.9, p=0.009) and allogenic blood transfusion (OR 1.5, p=0.003) were independently associated with postoperative hyperglycemia. Conclusions: Nadir hematocrit levels on CPB less than 20% and allogenic blood transfusions were independently associated with postoperative hyperglycemia in nondiabetic patients. Patients with a nadir hematocrit levels less than 20 % during CPB should be closely monitored for hyperglycemia in the perioperative period. © 2014 Forum Multimedia Publishing, LLC.


Sevuk U.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Bahadir M.V.,Dicle University | Altindag R.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Baysal E.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Acta Neurologica Belgica | Year: 2015

Carotid artery plaque ulceration (PU) is known to be associated with cerebrovascular events (CVE). Even within euthyroid ranges, thyroid function has been reported to be associated with carotid atherosclerosis. However, the relationship between thyroid function and carotid PU remains unclear. Our aim was to determine the relationship between thyroid function and PU in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis (ICS). Records of patients with CVE were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 250 consecutive patients with ICS who had computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the carotid arteries following hospitalization were included in the study. CTA was used for the evaluation of carotid artery plaque morphology and ulceration. Plaque morphology was classified as fatty, mixed or calcified. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of PU. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and hypothyroidism were significantly more common in patients with PU (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003, respectively). Patients with PU had higher incidence of low-normal FT4 levels (p = 0.02). Compared with patients who had no PU, patients with PU had decreased FT4 levels and elevated TSH levels (p = 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively). TSH level (OR 1.33, p = 0.001), SCH (OR 4.2, p = 0.001), hypothyroidism (OR 3.15, p = 0.037), fatty plaque (OR 2.16, p = 0.01) and calcified plaque (OR 0.19, p < 0.001) were independently associated with PU. Our results suggest that SCH and hypothyroidism could be a risk factor for PU and subsequent CVE. Thyroid functions may be useful for risk stratification of patients with ICS. © 2015, Belgian Neurological Society.


Sevuk U.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Mesut A.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Kiraz I.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Kose K.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cardiac Surgery | Year: 2016

Delayed presentation of a thoracic aortic injury is an extremely rare complication after spine surgery. We report a case of delayed presentation of a thoracic aortic injury with a vertebral pedicle screw after posterior spinal surgery without periaortic hematoma, hemorrhage or pseudoaneurysm formation and review the relevant literature. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Sevuk U.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Bahadir M.V.,Dicle University | Altindag R.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Baysal E.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management | Year: 2015

Background: To date, no validated biomarkers with high sensitivity and specificity have been established for diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with deep venous thrombosis (DVT). There is a need to develop simple and reliable noninvasive tests that can accurately identify patients with PE, even in small hospitals or clinics. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) for predicting occurrence of PE in patients with DVT. Methods: Records of acute DVT patients were reviewed retrospectively. Group 1 consisted of 50 patients with acute DVT and group 2 consisted of 50 patients with acute DVT who developed PE during follow-up. The control group consisted of patients with uncomplicated primary varicose veins of the lower limbs. Venous peripheral blood samples for measurement of MPV, PDW, and platelet count were drawn on admission, before the treatment, and at the time of PE diagnosis. Results: MPV and PDW levels at the time of PE diagnosis were higher in group 2 than group1 (P,0.001 and P=0.026, respectively). Receiver operating characteristics analysis revealed that a 5.2% increase in admission PDW during follow-up provided 70% sensitivity and 82% specificity (area under the curve, 0.80), and a 6.6% increase in admission MPV during follow-up provided 74% sensitivity and 83% specificity (area under the curve, 0.84) for prediction of PE occurrence in patients with DVT. PDW and MPV levels at the time of PE diagnosis were found to be independent risk factors for the occurrence of PE in patients with DVT. Conclusion: Serial measurements of MPV and PDW, and percent change in MPV and PDW appears to be a useful marker for predicting occurrence of acute PE in patients with a first episode of acute proximal DVT. © 2015 Sevuk et al.

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