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PubMed | Gazi University, Yuzuncu Yil University, Maltepe University and Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
Type: | Journal: The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to evaluate the roles of proangiogenic factors including serum vitamin D and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and anti-angiogenic factors including soluble endoglin (sEng) and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) in the diagnosis and severity of late-onset preeclampsia.The study was conducted at Yuzuncu Yil University Research and Education Hospital Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics. The study included a patient group of 40 women with late-onset preeclampsia who were pregnant at32 weeks of gestation according to the last menstrual period (LMP) or ultrasonographic fetal biometric measurement and a control group of 40 healthy pregnant women who presented to our clinic for routine pregnancy examination and were at the same age and gestational period with those in the patient group. The two groups were compared in terms of maternal age, gravida, parity, week of gestation, systolic/diastolic blood pressure, total protein in spot urine sample, 24-h urine protein, white blood cell (WBC), hemoglobin (Hgb), platelet count, urea, creatinine, liver function tests (AST, ALT, LDH), vitamin DThe groups were similar in terms of age, gravida, parity, week of gestation, serum vitamin DBoth sEng and sFlt1 levels are remarkably high in patients with late-onset preeclampsia; however, only sEng may be a useful tool in the determination of the severity of preeclampsia.


PubMed | Diyarbakir Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital and Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of cardiac surgery | Year: 2016

Delayed presentation of a thoracic aortic injury is an extremely rare complication after spine surgery. We report a case of delayed presentation of a thoracic aortic injury with a vertebral pedicle screw after posterior spinal surgery without periaortic hematoma, hemorrhage or pseudoaneurysm formation and review the relevant literature.


Baysal E.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Cetin M.,Adiyaman University | Yaylak B.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Altintas B.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis | Year: 2015

Red cell distribution width (RDW) and the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are predictors of cardiovascular risk that have been shown to correlate with impaired reperfusion and increased morbidity and mortality in patients with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We hypothesized that RDW and the NLR would be associated with failed thrombolysis. One hundred and two STEMI patients were included in the study; 32 had failed thrombolysis while the other 70 fulfilled the criteria for successful thrombolysis. Thrombolysis failure was defined as a need for rescue percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), in-hospital mortality, unplanned PCI during hospitalization or complete occlusion of the culprit coronary artery on follow-up angiography. RDWs were compared between patients with failed or successful thrombolysis. There were no significant differences in the demographic or clinical baseline characteristics of the two groups. The mean RDW was significantly higher in the failed thrombolysis group than in the successful thrombolysis group (P=0.028). The cutoff RDW value for failed thrombolysis was more than 14.3fl with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 61.4% (area under the curve, 0.774; 95% confidence interval, 0.680-0.851; P<0.001) on receiver operating characteristics curve analysis. In addition, the prevalence of failed thrombolysis was significantly higher in patients with an RDW more than 14.3fl than in those with an RDW of 14.3fl or less (51.8 and 6.5%, respectively, P<0.001 by multivariate analysis). The NLR was significantly higher in patients with an RDW more than 14.3fl than in those with an RDW 14.3fl or less (4±2.5 and 2.8±1.5, respectively, P=0.007). RDW and the NLR may be used as adjunctive readily available factors for assessment of thrombolysis outcome upon admission. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Altas Y.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital | Ulugg A.V.,Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management | Year: 2016

ST segment elevation is the most common electrocardiographic finding in acute myocardial infarction. ST elevation in chest leads generally represents left anterior descending artery occlusion, while elevation in DII and III, and aVF represents right coronary and circumflex artery occlusion. A female patient aged 66 years was admitted to our emergency service with ST elevation in leads DIII and aVF. A diagnosis of acute inferior myocardial infarction was made. The patient’s history included coronary artery bypass graft involving the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery and aorta to the right coronary artery. The patient was taken to the cardiac catheterization laboratory for primary percutaneous coronary intervention and a lesion in the left anterior descending artery was identified. Additionally, the left subclavian artery was totally occluded. Following intervention to the lesion, the patient was discharged on day 4 of admission. © 2016 Altas and Ulug.


PubMed | Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
Type: | Journal: Therapeutics and clinical risk management | Year: 2016

ST segment elevation is the most common electrocardiographic finding in acute myocardial infarction. ST elevation in chest leads generally represents left anterior descending artery occlusion, while elevation in DII and III, and aVF represents right coronary and circumflex artery occlusion. A female patient aged 66 years was admitted to our emergency service with ST elevation in leads DIII and aVF. A diagnosis of acute inferior myocardial infarction was made. The patients history included coronary artery bypass graft involving the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery and aorta to the right coronary artery. The patient was taken to the cardiac catheterization laboratory for primary percutaneous coronary intervention and a lesion in the left anterior descending artery was identified. Additionally, the left subclavian artery was totally occluded. Following intervention to the lesion, the patient was discharged on day 4 of admission.


PubMed | Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
Type: Clinical Trial | Journal: Perfusion | Year: 2016

Excessive haemodilution and the resulting anaemia during CPB is accompanied by a decrease in the total arterial oxygen content, which may impair tissue oxygen delivery. Hyperoxic ventilation has been proven to improve tissue oxygenation in different pathophysiological states of anaemic tissue hypoxia. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of arterial hyperoxaemia on tissue oxygenation during CPB. Records of patients undergoing isolated CABG with CPB were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with nadir haematocrit levels below 20% during CPB were included in the study. Tissue hypoxia was defined as hyperlactataemia (lactate >2.2 mmol/L) coupled with low ScVO2 (ScVO2 <70%) during CPB. One hundred patients with normoxaemia and 100 patients with hyperoxaemia were included in the study. Patients with hyperoxaemia had lower tissue hypoxia incidence than patients with normoxaemia (p<0.001). Compared with patients without tissue hypoxia, patients with tissue hypoxia had significantly lower PaO2 values (p<0.001) and nadir haematocrit levels (p<0.001). Nadir haematocrit levels <18% (OR: 5.3; 95% CI: 2.67-10.6; p<0.001) and hyperoxaemia (OR: 0.28; 95% CI: 0.14-0.56; p<0.001) were independently associated with tissue hypoxia.Hyperoxaemia during CPB may be protective against tissue hypoxia in patients with nadir haematocrit levels <20%.


PubMed | Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2016

We aimed to investigate the protective potential of pomegranate extract on the liver and remote organs in rats with obstructive jaundice.The rats were split into 4 groups. In Group 1 (G1) (sham group) rats, the common bile duct was mobilized without any ligation. Group 2 (G2) received a combination of the sham operation and synchronous treatment with pomegranate. Group 3 (G3) received common bile duct ligation (CBDL). Group 4 (G4) were subjected to CBDL and treatment with pomegranate. After 8 days, we measured total oxidative status (TOS) and antioxidant capacity in the rats liver tissue and remote organs, and evaluated blood levels of malondialdehyde and total antioxidant capacity (TAC).G3 rats showed significantly raised malondialdehyde level as compared to G1 rats (p < 0.001). Following the pomegranate therapy, a decrease in malondialdehyde was observed (p = 0.015). TAC levels were significantly raised in the G3 rats compared to the G1 rats (p = 0.004). TAC levels dropped after pomegranate therapy (p = 0.011). CBDL caused elevated TOS levels in the liver and remote organs, with a statistically significant increase in the lung tissue (p = 0.002). TOS levels in the CBDL groups decreased after pomegranate treatment (p < 0.001).This study reveals the marked protective effect of pomegranate on the liver and remote organs in obstructive jaundice.


PubMed | Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of cardiac surgery | Year: 2016

Paraplegia is an extremely rare complication after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We report a patient who developed paraplegia after CABG and review the literature on spinal cord ischemia following CABG surgery.


PubMed | Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2016

Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) occurs in 10-40% of patients after cardiac operations. Pericardial effusions and tamponade occurring > 7 days after surgery are usually related to PPS and remain an important cause of cardiac surgery-related morbidity and mortality; therefore, preventing PPS is important. Colchicine affords safe and efficacious protection against PPS and related complications. However, the roles of corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in PPS prevention remains unclear. This study aimed to determine whether the intraoperative use of single-dose methylprednisolone can effectively prevent PPS.This retrospective study included 100 patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) who received a single intraoperative dose of 1 mg/kg methylprednisolone. A further 100 patients undergoing CABG, who were not given methylprednisolone, comprised the control group. The presence and severity of pericardial effusion was determined by echocardiography, with chest X-ray used to assess pleural effusion.PPS occurrence and pericardial effusion occurrence were significantly lower in patients who received methylprednisolone (p = 0.02 and p = 0.007 respectively). Although the differences were not statistically significant, pericardial and pleural effusions were more severe in the control group than in the methylprednisolone group. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that methylprednisolone administration was independently associated with prevention of PPS (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.25-0.91, p < 0.026).Intraoperative, single-dose methylprednisolone may confer protection against PPS in patients undergoing CABG.


PubMed | Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2016

Post-pericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) occurs in 10-40% of patients after cardiac surgery. PPS is considered an autoimmune phenomenon. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a novel inflammatory marker that is associated with various cardiovascular diseases. Studies have reported that the NLR increases in certain autoimmune diseases. This study examined whether the NLR is helpful to predict the occurrence of PPS after elective on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.The records of patients who underwent elective first-time on-pump CABG were reviewed retrospectively. In total, 72 patients with PPS were included in the study, and 100 patients who did not develop PPS were included as the control group. Peripheral blood samples collected preoperatively and on postoperative day 1 were used to calculate the NLR.No differences in preoperative white blood cell (WBC) count, neutrophil count, lymphocyte count, or NLR were observed between the patients with PPS and the control group. The WBC (p < 0.001) and neutrophil counts (p < 0.001) and NLR (p = 0.01) were significantly higher during the postoperative period in patients with PPS than in the control group. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the postoperative NLR predicted PPS with 60% sensitivity and 59% specificity (area under the curve, 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.51-0.70; p = 0.017), using a cut-off of 8.34. The postoperative WBC count (odds ratio [OR], 1.6; 95% CI, 1.36-2.03; p < 0.001) and NLR (OR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.56-7.01; p = 0.002) were independently associated with PPS.The postoperative NLR may be useful to predict the development of PPS in patients undergoing on-pump CABG.

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