Ishihara M.,Divisions of Oncology Hematology |
Ishihara M.,Mie University |
Mukai H.,Divisions of Oncology Hematology |
Nagai S.,Divisions of Oncology Hematology |
And 4 more authors.
Oncology (Switzerland) | Year: 2013
Objective: Identifying factors that predispose patients to central nervous system (CNS) metastases may hasten disease detection and improve treatment outcomes. Methods: We reviewed the records of patients who were diagnosed with clinical stage I-III primary breast cancer at the National Cancer Center Hospital East from 2003 to 2005. Cox proportional hazard models were fitted to reveal risk factors for CNS metastases. Results: The median follow-up period after the operation was 53.5 months. Among the 591 identified patients with breast cancer, 76 experienced a relapse. Seventeen patients developed CNS metastases. Multivariate analysis indicated that the triple negative (TN) subtype (hazard ratio = 5.5) and a high Ki67 labeling index (LI; hazard ratio = 3.9) were associated with a higher risk for CNS metastases. At 4 years, the TN subtype was associated with significantly worse overall and disease-free survival rates and a higher cumulative incidence of CNS metastases compared with hormone receptor-positive/ human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-negative tumors. Breast cancers with a Ki67 LI ≥30% were also associated with lower overall and disease-free survival rates and a higher cumulative incidence of CNS metastases compared with cancers with a Ki67 LI <30%. Conclusion: TN or Ki67-overexpressing breast cancer produced earlier CNS metastases and lower disease-free and overall survival rates. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.