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Drawsko Pomorskie, Poland

Skoczylas A.,District Hospital | Piecha G.,University of Silesia | Wiecek A.,University of Silesia
Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej | Year: 2016

Introduction: Adipose tissue has been recently recognized as an endocrine organ secreting a number of adipokines contributing to the development of atherosclerosis, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, endothelial dysfunction, insulin resistance, and vascular remodeling. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether treatment with a β-blocker, calcium antagonist, thiazide-like diuretic, or angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker influences plasma concentrations of apelin, resistin, and visfatin in obese hypertensive patients. Patients and Methods: The study included 84 obese patients with essential hypertension. One control group included obese subjects without hypertension, and the other, lean subjects without hypertension. Patients with hypertension were randomized into 4 groups treated for 6 weeks with bisoprolol, amlodipine, indapamide, or candesartan, respectively. Results: Mean daily plasma apelin concentrations in patients treated with amlodipine was significantly higher than the baseline values, whereas the difference in plasma apelin concentrations in other treatment groups was not significant. Mean daily plasma resistin concentrations were significantly lower after 6-week treatment with amlodipine, bisoprolol, or indapamide compared with the baseline values. In patients treated with candesartan, no significant differences in resistin concentrations were shown. After 6-week treatment with bisoprolol, mean daily plasma concentrations of visfatin were significantly lower compared with the baseline values. Treatment with amlodipine, candesartan, or indapamide did not significantly affect plasma visfatin levels. Conclusions: Antihypertensive treatment exerts significant and varied effects on adipokine secretion in obese hypertensive patients. Changes in apelin secretion, caused by the use of different antihypertensive drugs, may protect the cardiovascular system and kidneys. The involvement of adipokines in mechanisms of diverse protective effects of antihypertensive drugs, independently of the effect on blood pressure, requires further research. Copyright © 2016 Medycyna Praktyczna. All rights reserved. Source

Szwedowski D.,District Hospital
Polish Journal of Radiology | Year: 2014

The acronym SCIWORA (Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormality) was first developed and introduced by Pang and Wilberger who used it to define “clinical symptoms of traumatic myelopathy with no radiographic or computed tomographic features of spinal fracture or instability’’. SCIWORA is a clinical-radiological condition that mostly affects children. SCIWORA lesions are found mainly in the cervical spine but can also be seen, although much less frequently, in the thoracic or lumbar spine. Based on reports from different authors, SCIWORA is responsible for 6 to 19% and 9% to 14% of spinal injuries in children and adults, respectively. Underlying degenerative changes, including spondylosis or spinal canal stenosis, are typically present in adult patients. The level of spinal cord injury corresponds to the location of these changes. With recent advances in neuroimaging techniques, especially in magnetic resonance imaging, and with increasing availability of MRI as a diagnostic tool, the overall detection rate of SCIWORA has significantly improved. © Pol J Radiol, 2014. Source

Herbowski L.,District Hospital
International Journal of Biometeorology | Year: 2016

The impact of the atmosphere on human physiology has been studied widely within the last years. In practice, intracranial pressure is a pressure difference between intracranial compartments and the surrounding atmosphere. This means that gauge intracranial pressure uses atmospheric pressure as its zero point, and therefore, this method of pressure measurement excludes the effects of barometric pressure’s fluctuation. The comparison of these two physical quantities can only take place through their absolute value relationship. The aim of this study is to investigate the direct effect of barometric pressure on the absolute intracranial pressure homeostasis. A prospective observational cross-sectional open study was conducted in Szczecin, Poland. In 28 neurosurgical patients with suspected normal-pressure hydrocephalus, intracranial intraventricular pressure was monitored in a sitting position. A total of 168 intracranial pressure and atmospheric pressure measurements were performed. Absolute atmospheric pressure was recorded directly. All values of intracranial gauge pressure were converted to absolute pressure (the sum of gauge intracranial pressure and local absolute atmospheric pressure). The average absolute mean intracranial pressure in the patients is 1006.6 hPa (95 % CI 1004.5 to 1008.8 hPa, SEM 1.1), and the mean absolute atmospheric pressure is 1007.9 hPa (95 % CI 1006.3 to 1009.6 hPa, SEM 0.8). The observed association between atmospheric and intracranial pressure is strongly significant (Spearman correlation r = 0.87, p < 0.05) and all the measurements are perfectly reliable (Bland-Altman coefficient is 4.8 %). It appears from this study that changes in absolute intracranial pressure are related to seasonal variation. Absolute intracranial pressure is shown to be impacted positively by atmospheric pressure. © 2016 ISB Source

Gnanathasan A.,University of Colombo | Rodrigo C.,University of Colombo | Peranantharajah T.,Teaching Hospital | Coonghe A.,District Hospital
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2012

The saw-scaled viper (SSV) (Echis carinatus) is considered to be a highly venomous snake in Sri Lanka despite any published clinical justification. Being a rarity, the clinical profile of SSV bites is not well established in Sri Lanka. We report a series of 48 (n-48) SSV bites from the Northern Province of Sri Lanka. The majority (65%) of victims had evidence of local envenoming at the site of the bite; however, 29% showed spontaneous bleeding and 71% had coagulopathy. There were no deaths in the series. The envenoming was mild in contrast to the mortality and significant morbidity associated with SSV bites in West Africa and some parts of India. These observations need to be further explored with laboratory studies to identify the venom components, study of morphological characteristics, and genetic profiling of the Sri Lankan SSV to see if it is different from the subspecies found elsewhere. Copyright © 2012 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Source

Bork K.,Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz | Wulff K.,University of Greifswald | Meinke P.,University of Greifswald | Wagner N.,District Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Immunology | Year: 2011

In hereditary angioedema with normal C1-inhibitor two different missense mutations of codon p.Thr328* in the coagulation factor 12 gene have been reported in some families. In this study a novel factor 12 gene mutation, the deletion of 72 base pairs (bp) (c.971_1018. +. 24del72*), was identified in a family of Turkish origin, in two sisters with recurrent skin swellings and abdominal pain attacks and in their symptom-free father. This deletion caused a loss of 48. bp of exon 9 (coding amino acids 324* to 340*) in addition to 24. bp of intron 9, including the authentic donor splice site of exon 9. The large deletion of 72. bp was located in the same F12 gene region as the missense mutations p.Thr328Lys* and p.Thr328Arg* reported previously. Our findings confirm the association between F12 gene mutations modifying the proline-rich region of the FXII protein and hereditary angioedema with normal C1-inhibitor. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

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