District Headquarter DHQ hospital

Pakistan

District Headquarter DHQ hospital

Pakistan
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Maan M.A.,District Headquarter DHQ hospital | Fatma H.,University of Agriculture | Muhammad J.,District Headquarter Hospital
African Health Sciences | Year: 2014

Background: Hepatitis viral infections are major health challenge leading to high morbidity and mortality worldwide.Objectives: Although the magnitude of hepatitis in Pakistan has been well documented, information regarding the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Faisalabad, Pakistan is scarce. The present retrospective study was undertaken to determine the epidemiology of HCV in Faisalabad, Pakistan.Methods: Between May, 2010 and December, 2012, medical records of 39780 subjects visiting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) clinic, district headquarter (DHQ) hospital, Faisalabad, Pakistan were reviewed. Regression analysis was used to determine independent risk factorsResults: HCV prevalence was 21.99%. With mean age of 49.5 ± 2.7 years (range 27-63 years), majority (67.15%) of the individuals were male. Marital status and low literacy rates were associated with HCV (P<0.05). Reference to the potential risk factors, the injection drug use was the major mode (72.77%) of infection transmission. Age (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.2-1.9), male gender (OR 1.2, 95% CI 0.9-1.6) and injection use (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.0-2.7) were significantly associated with HCV.Conclusions: Most important finding was higher HCV prevalence in Faisalabad region as compared to the previous assessments that demands an urgent need for preventive intervention strategies. © 2014 Makerere University, Medical School. All rights reserved.


PubMed | District Headquarter Hospital, District Headquarter DHQ hospital and University of Agriculture
Type: Journal Article | Journal: African health sciences | Year: 2015

Hepatitis viral infections are major health challenge leading to high morbidity and mortality worldwide.Although the magnitude of hepatitis in Pakistan has been well documented, information regarding the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Faisalabad, Pakistan is scarce. The present retrospective study was undertaken to determine the epidemiology of HCV in Faisalabad, Pakistan.Between May, 2010 and December, 2012, medical records of 39780 subjects visiting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) clinic, district headquarter (DHQ) hospital, Faisalabad, Pakistan were reviewed. Regression analysis was used to determine independent risk factors.HCV prevalence was 21.99%. With mean age of 49.5 2.7 years (range 27-63 years), majority (67.15%) of the individuals were male. Marital status and low literacy rates were associated with HCV (P<0.05). Reference to the potential risk factors, the injection drug use was the major mode (72.77%) of infection transmission. Age (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.2-1.9), male gender (OR 1.2, 95% CI 0.9-1.6) and injection use (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.0-2.7) were significantly associated with HCV.Most important finding was higher HCV prevalence in Faisalabad region as compared to the previous assessments that demands an urgent need for preventive intervention strategies.


Maan M.A.,District Headquarter DHQ hospital | Hussain F.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Jamil M.,District Headquarter Hospital
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2013

Background & Objective: Although the magnitude of HIV in Pakistan has been well documented, but no record of HIV prevalence in Faisalabad region exists. A retrospective study was carried out at Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) clinic, District Headquarter (DHQ) hospital, Faisalabad, Pakistan to find out the prevalence of HIV and related risk factors. Methods: Between March, 2010 and December, 2012, a total of 31040 subjects were either interviewed or their medical records were reviewed. From those recruited by convenient sampling method, written informed consent was obtained and informed about the study protocol. Blood serum was tested for antibodies to HIV-1 and HIV-2 (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western Blot). Results: On the whole, Anti-HIV was demonstrated in 173 (0.557%) of the respondents. This gives an overall HIV prevalence of 557 per 100,000.Averaged age of the patients was 49.5 years (range: 30-45) with 85.55% male. Majority of the patients were urban dwellers (87.28%), divorced or widowed (46.82%) and uneducated (50.28%). A large proportion (78%) of the patients was injection drug users. Compared to blood donation/transfusion and sexual interactions, injection drug use was the major potential risk factor for HIV infection. Conclusion: Most important finding was higher HIV prevalence in Faisalabad region as compared to the previous assessments at the national level. This reflects an alarming situation necessitating contextual preventive interventions. Precarious practices such as injection drug abuse, blood donation/transfusion needs to be amended and extramarital sexual contacts should be avoided.

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