Georgetown, TX, United States
Georgetown, TX, United States

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Patent
Dispersol Technologies | Date: 2016-06-17

The disclosure provides for improved pharmaceutical compositions containing deferasirox (DFX) and methods of manufacturing the same. In particular, the compositions are prepared using thermokinetic compounding and provide improved properties as well as more efficient methods of manufacture.


The present disclosure is directed to compositions and methods for making a pharmaceutical composition by thermokinetic compounding, wherein the compositions include one or more thermolabile components, for example one or more active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. The methods comprise thermokinetic processing of the thermolabile components into a composite by blending certain thermolabile components in a thermokinetic mixer using multiple speeds during a single, rotationally continuous operation. The composite can be further processed into pharmaceutical compositions by conventional methods known in the art, such as hot melt extrusion, melt granulation, compression molding, tablet compression, capsule filling, film-coating, or injection molding.


Patent
Dispersol Technologies and The University Of Texas System | Date: 2012-02-23

The present disclosure is directed to compositions and methods for formulating a pharmaceutical dosage form by forming a composition comprising acetyl-11-keto--boswellic acid, diindolylmethane, or curcumin with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients for enhanced solubility to increase bioavailability and improve therapeutic efficacy. The composition can be processed by thermo-kinetic compounding along with conventional methods known in the art, such as hot melt extrusion, melt granulation, compression molding, tablet compression, capsule filling, film-coating, or injection molding.


Patent
The University Of Texas System and Dispersol Technologies | Date: 2016-05-13

Compositions and methods for making a pharmaceutical dosage form include making a pharmaceutical composition that includes one or more active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients by thermokinetic compounding into a composite. Compositions and methods of preprocessing a composite comprising one or more APIs with one or more excipients include thermokinetic compounding, comprising thermokinetic processing the APIs with the excipients into a composite, wherein the composite can be further processed by conventional methods known in the art, such as hot melt extrusion, melt granulation, compression molding, tablet compression, capsule filling, film-coating, or injection molding.


DiNunzio J.C.,University of Texas at Austin | Brough C.,Dispersol Technologies | Miller D.A.,University of Texas at Austin | Williams R.O.,University of Texas at Austin | McGinity J.W.,University of Texas at Austin
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2010

Thermal manufacturing methods for the production of solid dispersions frequently require the addition of a plasticizer in order to achieve requisite molten material flow properties when processed by unit operations such as hot melt extrusion. KinetiSol® Dispersing, a rapid high energy thermal manufacturing process, was investigated for the ability to produce amorphous solid dispersions without the aid of a plasticizer. For this study itraconazole was used as a model active ingredient, while Eudragit® L100-55 and Carbomer 974P were used as model solid dispersion carriers. Triethyl citrate (TEC) was used as necessary as a model plasticizer. Compositions prepared by KinetiSol® Dispersing and hot melt extrusion were evaluated for solid state properties, supersaturated in vitro dissolution behavior under pH change conditions and accelerated stability performance. Results showed that both manufacturing processes were capable of producing amorphous solid dispersions, however compositions produced by hot melt extrusion required the presence of TEC and yielded a glass transition temperature (Tg) of approximately 54°C. Plasticized and unplasticized compositions were successfully produced by KinetiSol® Dispersing, with plasticizer free solid dispersions exhibiting a Tg of approximately 101°C. Supersaturated in vitro dissolution testing revealed a significantly higher dissolution rate of plasticized material which was attributed to the pore forming behavior of TEC during the acidic phase of testing. A further contribution to release may also have been provided by the greater diffusivity in the plasticized polymer. X-ray diffraction testing revealed that under accelerated stability conditions, plasticized compositions exhibited partial recrystallization, while plasticizer free materials remained amorphous throughout the 6-month testing period. These results demonstrated that KinetiSol® Dispersing could be used for the production of amorphous solid dispersions without the aid of a plasticizer and illustrated the enhanced solid state stability that can be achieved by producing solid dispersions with higher glass transition temperatures. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


DiNunzio J.C.,University of Texas at Austin | Brough C.,Dispersol Technologies | Hughey J.R.,University of Texas at Austin | Miller D.A.,University of Texas at Austin | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics | Year: 2010

Many techniques for the production of solid dispersions rely on elevated temperatures and prolonged material residence times, which can result in decomposition of temperature-sensitive components. In this study, hydrocortisone was used as a model temperature-sensitive active ingredient to study the effect of formulation and processing techniques as well as to characterize the benefits of KinetiSol® Dispersing for the production of solid dispersions. Preformulation studies were conducted using differential scanning calorimetry and hot stage microscopy to identify optimum carriers for the production of amorphous solid dispersions. After identification, solid dispersions were prepared by hot melt extrusion and KinetiSol® Dispersing, with material characterized by X-ray diffraction, dissolution and potency testing to evaluate physicochemical properties. Results from the preformulation studies showed that vinylacetate:vinylpyrrolidone (PVPVA) copolymer allowed for hydrocortisone dissolution within the carrier at temperatures as low as 160 °C, while hydroxypropyl methylcellulose required temperatures upward of 180 °C to facilitate solubilization. Low substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose, a high glass transition temperature control, showed that the material was unable to solubilize hydrocortisone. Manufacturing process control studies using hot melt extruded compositions of hydrocortisone and PVPVA showed that increased temperatures and residence times negatively impacted product potency due to decomposition. Using KinetiSol® Dispersing to reduce residence time and to facilitate lower temperature processing, it was possible to produce solid dispersions with improved product potency. This study clearly demonstrated the importance of carrier selection to facilitate lower temperature processing, as well as the effect of residence time on product potency. Furthermore, KinetiSol® Dispersing provided significant advantages over hot melt extrusion due to the reduced residence times and lower required processing temperatures. This allowed for the production of solid dispersions with enhanced product potency. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Dinunzio J.C.,University of Texas at Austin | Hughey J.R.,University of Texas at Austin | Brough C.,Dispersol Technologies | Miller D.A.,University of Texas at Austin | And 2 more authors.
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy | Year: 2010

Objectives: To investigate the ability of KinetiSol® Dispersing to prepare amorphous solid dispersions of itraconazole using concentration- enhancing polymers. Methods: Concentration-enhancing nature of several cellulosic polymers (HPMC, hypromellose acetate succinate) was studied using a modified in vitro dissolution test. Solid dispersions were prepared by KinetiSol® Dispersing and characterized for solid-state properties using X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry. Potency and release characteristics were also assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Oral bioavailability of lead formulations was also assessed in animal models. Results: Screening studies demonstrated superior concentration-enhancing performance from the hypromellose acetate succinate polymer class. Data showed that stabilization was related to molecular weight and the degree of hydrophobic substitution on the polymer such that HF > MF ≈ LF, indicating that stabilization was achieved through a combination of steric hindrance and hydrophobic interaction, supplemented by the amphiphilic nature and ionization state of the polymer. Solid dispersions exhibited amorphous solid-state behavior and provided neutral media supersaturation using a surfactant-free pH change method. Rank-order behavior was such that LF > MF > HF. Addition of Carbopol 974P increased acidic media dissolution, while providing a lower magnitude of supersaturation in neutral media because of swelling of the high viscosity gel. In vivo results for both lead compositions displayed erratic absorption was attributed to the variability of gastrointestinal pH in the animals. Conclusions: These results showed that production of amorphous solid dispersions containing concentration-enhancing polymers through KinetiSol® Dispersing can provide improved oral bioavailability; however, additional formulation techniques must be developed to minimize variability associated with natural variations in subject gastrointestinal physiology. © 2010 Informa UK, Ltd.


PubMed | Merck KGaA, University of Texas at Austin and Dispersol Technologies
Type: Journal Article | Journal: AAPS PharmSciTech | Year: 2016

Polyvinyl alcohol (PVAL) has not been investigated in a binary formulation as a concentration-enhancing polymer owing to its high melting point/high viscosity and poor organic solubility. Due to the unique attributes of the KinetiSol dispersing (KSD) technology, PVAL has been enabled for this application and it is the aim of this paper to investigate various grades for improvement of the solubility and bioavailability of poorly water soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients. Solid amorphous dispersions were created with the model drug, itraconazole (ITZ), at a selected drug loading of 20%. Polymer grades were chosen with variation in molecular weight and degree of hydroxylation to determine the effects on performance. Differential scanning calorimetry, powder X-ray diffraction, polarized light microscopy, size exclusion chromatography, and dissolution testing were used to characterize the amorphous dispersions. An in vivo pharmacokinetic study in rats was also conducted to compare the selected formulation to current market formulations of ITZ. The 4-88 grade of PVAL was determined to be effective at enhancing solubility and bioavailability of itraconazole.


PubMed | University of Texas at Austin and Dispersol Technologies
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology | Year: 2016

To evaluate the effect of ritonavir (RTV) co-administration on the bioavailability of an amorphous dispersion of acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (AKBA) and to develop a pharmaceutically acceptable AKBA-RTV combination tablet.A pharmacokinetic (PK) study in rats was conducted to evaluate the influence of RTV co-administration on the oral bioavailability of an AKBA amorphous dispersion. KinetiSol was utilized to enable production of an improved RTV formulation that facilitated the development of an AKBA-RTV combination tablet. Following in-vitro characterization, the PK performance of the tablets was evaluated in male beagles.Co-administration of RTV increased oral absorption of AKBA by about fourfold over the AKBA dispersion alone and approximately 24-fold over the pure compound. The improved RTV amorphous dispersion exhibited similar purity and neutral-phase dissolution to Norvir. The AKBA-RTV combination tablets yielded a substantial increase in AKBAs bioavailability in dogs.Oral absorption of AKBA is substantially limited by intestinal CYP3A activity and poor aqueous solubility. Consequently, AKBAs oral bioavailability is maximized by administration from a supersaturating formulation in conjunction with a CYP3A inhibitor. The AKBA-RTV combination tablet presented herein represents a breakthrough in the oral delivery of the compound facilitating future use as a drug therapy for broad spectrum cancer treatment.


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