Serraino D.,Centro Of Riferimento Onocologico |
Bruzzone S.,Direzione centrale per le statistiche e le indagini sulle istituzioni sociali |
Zucchetto A.,Centro Of Riferimento Onocologico |
Suligoi B.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita |
And 6 more authors.
AIDS Research and Therapy | Year: 2010
After the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART), an increased incidence of insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus (DM), and cardiovascular diseases has been described. The impact of such conditions on mortality in the post-HAART era has been also assessed in various modes in the literature. In this paper, we report on the death risks for DM, myocardial infarction, and chronic ischemic heart diseases that were investigated among 9662 Italian AIDS cases diagnosed between 1999 and 2005. Death certificates reporting DM, myocardial infarction, and chronic ischemic heart diseases were reviewed to identify the underlying cause of death, and to compare the observed numbers of deaths with the expected ones from the sex- and age-matched, general population of Italy. Person-years at risk of death were computed from date of AIDS diagnosis up to date of death or to December 31, 2006. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed. DM and cardiovascular diseases were the cause of death for 43 out of 3101 deceased AIDS cases (i.e., 1.4% of all deaths). In comparison with the general population, the risks of death were 6.4-fold higher for DM (95% CI:3.5-10.8), 2.3-fold higher for myocardial infarction (95% CI:1.4-3.7) and 3.0 for chronic ischemic heart diseases (95% CI: 1.5-5.2). © 2010 Serraino et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Serraino D.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico |
De Paoli A.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico |
Zucchetto A.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico |
Pennazza S.,Direzione centrale per le statistiche e le indagini sulle istituzioni sociali |
And 6 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2010
Background: Kaposi sarcoma (KS) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have strongly diminished in the HAART era, but their impact on life expectancy of people with AIDS (PWA) needs to be monitored. We aimed at quantifying the burden of KS and NHL on mortality of PWA in the HAART period in Italy. Methods: Death certificates of 3209 PWA diagnosed in 1999-2006 who died as of December 2006 were reviewed to identify those deaths in which KS or NHL was the underlying cause. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were computed. Results: KS or NHL appeared in 4.3% and 14.6% death certificates, respectively; they were the underlying cause of death in 3.1% and 13.4% of cases. SMR were 8698-fold higher for KS and 349-fold higher for NHL, and tended to decline over the study period. Conclusion: KS and NHL caused about 16% of deaths of PWA in the HAART era, with 100-fold higher risks of death compared to the Italian general population also in recent years. Clinicians and public health officials should be aware of the persisting negative impact of these cancers on life expectancy of PWA. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.