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Misra A.K.,Indian Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture | Misra A.K.,Directorate of Research on Women in Agriculture | Rao C.A.R.,Indian Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture | Ravishankar K.,Indian Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2010

Rainfed agro-ecosystem occupies 68% of India's cultivated area and supports 40% of the human and 65% of the livestock population. Dairy animals play an important role in the sustainable livelihood of poor people of rainfed agroecosystem, because of inherent risk involved in the crop farming due to uncertainty of rainfall and occurrence of recurrent droughts. The objective of the study was to characterize the status of smallholder dairy production systems in rainfed areas to generate information that would assist in designing of strategies for dairy development programmes. These objectives were achieved by adopting a participatory system approach, which uses diagnostic survey and techniques of participatory rural appraisal. The dairy production systems in rainfed areas are complex and generally based on traditional and socio-economic considerations mainly guided by available feed resources. Scarcity of feed and fodder resources, low production potential of animals, non-availability of critical inputs/services in time, access to capital and markets were the primary reasons behind low productivity of dairy animals. The study suggested that the participation of farmers is essential for developing and promoting the technical interventions. To enable the rainfed farmers for dairy development, a favourable policy environment in terms of access to micro-credit, assured market and veterinary services have to be provided and socio-economic and technical constraints needs to be addressed. Source

Sarkar B.,Directorate of Wheat Research DWR | Sharma R.C.,ICARDA | Verma R.P.S.,Directorate of Wheat Research DWR | Sarkar A.,Directorate of Research on Women in Agriculture | Sharma I.,Directorate of Wheat Research DWR
Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding | Year: 2014

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is an important feed purpose cereal grown under diverse production conditions and harsh environments. The present investigation was carried out to study performance of advanced breeding lines and identify superior genotypes of feed barley using multienvironment trial data from All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Programme (AICW&BIP). Ninety three experimental genotypes and five released cultivars were tested across eleven locations during four years. Grain yield and other agronomic traits were analyzed. Stability and genotype superiority for grain yield and other traits were determined using genotype and genotype × environment (GGE) biplot analysis. The result showed that environment and genotype contributed 32.9 to 67.4% and 4.7 to 20.4% of the total variation, respectively. The genotype × environment interaction contributed 27 to 44% of total variation. The experimental genotypes showed arrays of variation for grain yield in each year, with mean values ranging from 2.12 to 5.36 t/ha. Twelve experimental genotypes were identified, which were either superior or equal performance to the best check based on their high yield and stability across environments. The locations Varanasi, Kanpur, Vijapur and Durgapura discriminated the genotypes more than other sites for grain yield and agronomic traits. The findings provided valuable information on wide adaptation of feed barley genotypes, which could be useful for barley improvement programmes. © 2014, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, All rights reserved. Source

Ponnusamy K.,Directorate of Research on Women in Agriculture | Ambasankar K.,Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture | Ponniah A.G.,Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture
Indian Journal of Fisheries | Year: 2012

Fish meal and fish oil are the major ingredients used for production of feed for aquaculture. A study was conducted in three coastal states of India viz., Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu in order to assess the functioning of fish meal plants, covering raw material sourcing, production process, marketing and constraints in the operation. Oilsardine is the major fish used for fish meal and fish oil production in the 35 fish meal plants operating in various coastal states of India. The installed capacity of fish meal plants varied from 20 to 350 t of raw material per day. About 65,000 t of fish meal and 34,000 t of fish oil are annually produced in the three states of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Fish meal is sold at Rs. 40-50 per kg and fish oil at Rs. 50-55 per kg. Source

Tanuja S.,Directorate of Research on Women in Agriculture | Ninan G.,Central Institute of Fisheries Education | Lalitha K.V.,Central Institute of Fisheries Education | Zynudheen A.A.,Central Institute of Fisheries Education | Srinivasagopal T.K.,Central Institute of Fisheries Education
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (sutchi catfish) is a fresh water catfish extensively being cultured in the South East Asian countries in the recent years. The present study provides the first report on the effects of gutting on the quality characteristics of aquacultured sutchi catfish stored in ice. pH of whole ungutted and gutted catfish didn’t show significant difference (p > 0.05) during ice storage period. Total Volatile Base Nitrogen (TVB-N), Alpha Amino Nitrogen (AAN), Free Fatty Acids (FFA) and Thio Barbituric Acid Reactive Substance (TBARS) were lower in gutted fish compared to whole ungutted fish at any particular day during ice storage. However, gutted fish expressed higher rate of primary lipid oxidation than ungutted fish. Textural degradation of the fish muscle as indicated by hardness, cohesiveness, springiness and chewiness was lower in gutted fish. Results of sensory evaluation revealed that gutting has significantly improved the sensory quality of the fish. However, microbiological analysis revealed higher Total Plate Count (TPC) and Enterobactereaceae count in gutted fish. The shelf life of gutted and whole ungutted sutchi cat fish as determined by microbiological analysis was 16–18 days and 18–20 days respectively while storage in ice. © 2014, Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India). Source

Ponnusamy K.,Directorate of Research on Women in Agriculture
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2013

The importance of Public Private Partnership (PPP) in agriculture is understood in terms of a shared mechanism among partners for input, resource, market, risk, technology and benefits. In addition, review of various studies indicated the visibility of PPP in various facets of knowledge management, capacity building of women and youth, development of high end technologies, processing and market promotion and gender mainstreaming in agriculture. The partnership approach apart from developing certain technologies also empowered farmers in terms of enhanced access to technology and market in India through organized farmers groups. Farm women from difficult areas were enabled to empower themselves through gender mainstreaming techniques. The limitations of PPP such as focus mainly on high end technologies, high profit margin areas and crops, perceived mistrust and lack of transparency and non-adherence to agreement among partners could be overcome through appropriate working mechanism and policy support. Establishing PPP cell at research and development organizations would spearhead the growth of PPP and thereby sustainable agriculture and livelihood of millions of poor farm families in India. Source

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