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Al-Mawali A.,Directorate of Research and Studies | Pinto A.D.,Directorate of Research and Studies | Al Busaidi R.,The Royal Hospital | Al-Zakwani I.,Sultan Qaboos University
Cytometry Part A

Country-specific reference ranges for adult peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets have been established in a few countries around the world; however, there have been no specific comprehensive studies in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and Middle East, which investigated age and gender-specific reference ranges. Demographic and environmental factors may contribute to variations in these subsets around the world, and thus there is a great necessity for each country to establish its own reference ranges. Hence, the aim of this study is to establish lymphocyte subsets reference ranges for Omani healthy adults. Total, age, and gender-specific reference ranges were established using four-color flow cytometry analysis with an extensive panel of monoclonal antibodies in 50 healthy adult males and females aged between 18 and 57. Reference values were expressed as median and 95% confidence intervals for T cells-CD3+: 76.5 (57-89), CD4+: 45 (31-58), CD5+: 75 (58-85), CD7+: 80 (70-89), CD8+: 29.5 (19-43); B cells-CD10+: 1 (1-3), CD19+: 14 (6-23), CD20+: 14 (6-23), and NK cells-CD16+: 9 (3-22), CD56+: 13 (5-24), CD3-/(CD16+/CD56+): 7 (3-20). In comparison with other published studies, the lymphocyte subsets reference ranges in healthy Omani adults were similar to those reported in the rest of the world. These observations have important clinical implications in lymphocyte subset analysis in Oman, especially in the management of immunological disorders. The reference ranges established by this study can be adopted as a reference for clinical practice decisions. © 2013 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry. Source

El Aty M.A.,Directorate of Research and Studies | Meky F.A.,Ain Shams University | Morsy M.,Directorate of Research and Studies | El Sayed M.K.,Health Information and Statistics
Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de santé de la Méditerranée orientale = al-Majallah al-ṣiḥḥīyah li-sharq al-mutawassiṭ

Abstract available from the publisher.Despite the good health status of women and children in Oman, there are still some gaps to be filled. This study explored the adequacy of antenatal care (ANC) utilization of Omani ever-married women and the sociodemographic and health service determinants of adequate and sufficient ANC. In a secondary analysis of a national dataset (N = 1852 women), the percentages of women who had 4+ ANC visits, attended ANC in the 1st trimester and received care by trained personnel were 96.8%, 74.9% and 99.1% respectively. Overall adequacy of ANC (use and sufficiency of recommended basic services) for the surveyed women was 53.8%. After adjustment of other covariates, being pregnant with the 1st baby was the only significant predictor of overall adequacy of ANC (OR 2.2; 95% CI: 1.6-3.2). Greater awareness of the need for adequate ANC is required for mothers with more than one baby.Abstract available from the publisher. Source

Al Riyami A.,Directorate of Research and Studies | Al Hadabi S.,Directorate of Health Services | Abd El Aty M.A.,Directorate of Research and Studies | Al Kharusi H.,Directorate of Research and Studies | And 2 more authors.
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal

The nutritional needs of the ageing population require special attention. We undertook a crosssectional, community-based, household survey in Nizwa wilayat, Oman to study nutrition-related knowledge and beliefs and self-reported dietary habits among a sample of elderly people. The response rate for the household interview was 99.3% from a total sample of 2041. About 45% of the elderly were overweight or obese. Overall we found poor knowledge of nutrition plus some nutritional imbalances and low levels of physical activity. Significant sex differences existed in elderly peoples' nutritional knowledge, consumption of fluids, milk and sweets, use of dietary regimens and experience of appetite change. The findings warrant reorientation of the existing health promotion strategy for the elderly. Source

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