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Morales-Nin B.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Cardona-Pons F.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Maynou F.,CSIC - Institute of Marine Sciences | Grau A.M.,Direccio General de Pesca
Fisheries Research

Both resident and non-resident anglers (tourists) practice recreational fishing in Majorca (Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean). We present the results of two surveys designed with the objective of estimating the expenses incurred by anglers in recreational fishing and describing their motivation for fishing. A mail survey targeted resident anglers, and two intercept surveys targeted tourist anglers (in the mass tourism and nautical tourism sectors). The main motivation for resident anglers was enjoying tranquility, followed by catch consumption. For tourists, fishing was not the motivation for visiting Majorca. The expenditure of resident recreational anglers is estimated to be 57 million Euro (1% of the Majorcan economy). The number of tourists practicing recreational fishing was low, but their catch was estimated to encompass 16% of the total commercial coastal fishery catch. In addition, the economic value added through fishing expenditure may be 6 million Euro due to the large number of tourists visiting Majorca. The amount of catch in weight by all anglers combined was significant (43% of the catch in weight of commercial coastal fisheries) and should be considered in the management of coastal fisheries in the Balearic Islands and elsewhere in the Mediterranean where recreational fishing is important. © 2014. Source

Alos J.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Palmer M.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Balle S.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Grau A.M.,Direccio General de Pesca | Morales-Nin B.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies
ICES Journal of Marine Science

Variability in growth patterns at an individual level in Serranus scriba is described using a Bayesian approach for a generalized von Bertalanffy growth model that accommodates one change in growth rate at a specific point during the lifespan. The approach enables individual growth curves to be inferred, even in a species with a relatively short lifespan and no commercial value, i.e. limited sample sizes available, but potentially endangered by recreational fishing. The change in growth rate may be the result of differing allocation of energy between reproductive and somatic activities at different ages. Overall, the approach presented provides adequate input for future implementation of population dynamics models that take into account individual variability, e.g. individual-based models, even for species for which limited data are available. © 2009 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Source

Morales-Nin B.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Cardona-Pons F.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Grau A.M.,Direccio General de Pesca | Garcia E.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | And 2 more authors.
British Food Journal

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide a profile of fresh fish consumers and analyze trends in their choices of fresh fish. In addition, this study investigates whether being an active practitioner of angling or whether belonging to a household with angling activity has an effect on consumers' choices. Design/methodology/approach: Consumers' habits, profiles, and perceptions were obtained from randomized personal interviews (n=395) at traditional markets (the main source of fresh fish for Spaniards) and from interviews with restaurant managers (n=11) carried out on Mallorca Island, in the West Mediterranean, in 2009. Findings: A wide range of middle-aged and middle-class residents consumed fresh fish. The residents in the sample preferred to buy fish in traditional retail markets and consumed fish at least once a week, including a wide range of species. Consumers were satisfied with the quality of the fish but were moderately unsatisfied with the information that they received about the fish and fisheries. Although fish price was a factor in decisions to purchase, consumers were willing to pay more for local products of good quality. A significant proportion of individuals in the sample were themselves recreational fishers or belonged to households with recreational fishing members. These individuals shared a different consumer profile, tending to prefer local species that come at higher prices. A parallel survey of fish restaurants showed differences in preferred species depending on customers' place of residency and nationality. Practical implications: The consumer trends that were identified and the perception of fresh fish captured by local fleets might have implications for commercialization and fishery management. Originality/value: This is the first study of consumer choice related to leisure activity in a country with a very high rate of fish consumption. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

Maynou F.,CSIC - Institute of Marine Sciences | Morales-Nin B.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Cabanellas-Reboredo M.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Palmer M.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | And 2 more authors.
Fisheries Research

Small-scale fisheries in Europe face an uncertain situation from different pressures that undermine its social and economic viability in the near future. We investigate the issue of sustainability and options for future development of small-scale fisheries by means of a case study in Majorca (Balearic Islands; W Mediterranean). We analysed the socio-economic status of this small-scale fishery by means of economic indicators derived from data obtained through questionnaires. Our results show that the economic profitability of this activity is low and that, under the current economic situation small-scale, fishing has limited attractiveness, a situation similar to other Mediterranean small-scale fisheries. However, as a producer of high-quality fresh fish fetching comparatively high prices, small-scale fishing should have a viable future if the factors identified as responsible for the low economic viability could be redressed (such as excessive fishing pressure on the resource because it is shared with other commercial or recreational fishers; inadequate pricing system). Reducing the conflicts with other users of the coastal zone, by appropriate spatial zonation (combined with the already existing network of MPAs), is a measure that receives a favourable opinion from professional fishers, while diversifying the activity by combining professional fishing with tourism-fishing is less attractive to professional fishers in the Majorca Island. This model of development is both acceptable to the stakeholders involved in the fishery and in line with current European policies (Marine Strategy Framework directive) which favour forms of spatial planning as fisheries management measures. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Hendriks I.E.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Tenan S.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | Tenan S.,University of Pavia | Tavecchia G.,CSIC - Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies | And 6 more authors.
Biological Conservation

The decline of important coastal habitats, like seagrass meadows, is likely to influence populations of associated species, like the noble pen shell, Pinna nobilis. Here we used a Bayesian formulation of individual covariate models to derive a reliable estimate of populations of P. nobilis in shallow, and thus usually most impacted, areas around the island of Majorca, Balearic Islands, Spain. At six evaluated sites we find quite distinct densities ranging from 1.4 to 10.0 individuals/100m2. These differences in density could not be explained by habitat factors like shoot density and meadow cover, nor did dislodgement by storms (evaluated by maximum wind speeds at the sites) seem to play an important role. However, noble pen shell density was related to anchoring as at sites where anchoring was not permitted the average density was 7.9 individuals/100m2 while in sites where ships anchored the density was on average 1.7 individuals/100m2. As for the conservation of Posidonia oceanica meadows, for the associated population of P. nobilis it would be of utmost importance to reduce anchoring pressure as a conservation measure for these endangered and protected bivalves. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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