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Tamano S.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2010

There is a pressing need for medium term models as alternatives for two year testing of environmental compounds for carcinogenicity and toxicity. Optimally these should be of short duration in vivo, readily performed in the laboratory without the need for specialist equipment, be based on a priori reasoning and scientific principles and use effective surrogates for malignancies. The two models developed in DIMS Institute of Medical Science, the medium-term liver carcinogenesis bioassay and the medium-term multi-organ carcinogenesis bioassay, fulfil these criteria and have the massive advantage of already being used for testing of large numbers of agents. Source

Hagiwara A.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | Imai N.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | Doi Y.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | Sano M.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Toxicological Sciences | Year: 2010

This study was designed to evaluate and characterize any subchronic toxicity of rhamsan gum, a polysaccharide produced from Sphingomonas strain ATCC 31961, when administered to both sexes of Crl:CD(SD)IGS rats at dietary levels of 0 (control), 0.5, 1.5, and 5.0% (10 rats/sex/group). During the study, the treatment had no adverse effects on clinical signs, survival, body weights and food and water consumption, or on findings of urinalysis, ophthalmology, hematology, or blood biochemistry. Examination of gross pathology and histopathology exhibited no differences of toxicological significance between control and treated rats. Increased relative cecum (filled) and cecum (empty) weights, evident in males of 1.5% group and both sexes of the 5.0% group, were considered to be a physiological adaptation. Thus, the results indicated the toxic level of rhamsan gum to be more than 5.0%, and the no-observed-adverse- effect level (NOAEL) was concluded to be 5.0% (3,362 mg/kg body weights/day for males, and 4,304 mg/kg body weights/day for males) from the present study. Source

Hagiwara A.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | Imai N.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | Nakashima H.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | Toda Y.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | And 5 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2010

This study was designed to evaluate and characterize any adverse effect of nisin A, when administered to both sexes of F344/DuCrlCrlj rats (10 males and 10 females in each group) at dietary levels of 0%, 0.2%, 1.0% and 5.0% for 90. days. Animals given NaCl at a dietary level of 3.712% (equivalent to the NaCl content in 5.0% nisin A diet) served as a reference material treated group.There were no deaths, and the treatment had no toxicologically significant effects on clinical signs, body weights, food consumption, ophthalmology, hematology, or gross pathology.Statistically significant increases of water consumption, urine volume, and urinary sodium and chlorine, and decreases of urinary potassium and serum sodium, along with increases of absolute and relative kidney weight, and incidences of minimal squamous cell hyperplasia of limiting ridge in the forestomach, were found in nisin A-treated groups. It was considered that these changes were related to NaCl, since they were also noted in rats given diet containing the reference substance.Thus, no toxicologically significant changes were apparent in both sexes of F344/DuCrlCrlj rats fed diet containing 0%, 0.2%, 1.0% and 5.0% nisin A for 90. days. Therefore, the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) for nisin A was concluded to be a dietary level of 5.0% (2996. mg/kg/day for males and 3187. mg/kg/day for females). © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Nakagawa K.,Kaneka Corporation | Hosoe K.,Kaneka Corporation | Hidaka T.,Kobe Gakuin University | Nabae K.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Nutrition Research | Year: 2010

Licorice flavonoid oil (LFO) is a new functional food ingredient consisting of hydrophobic licorice polyphenols in medium-chain triglycerides. Recently, it was reported that licorice and its derivatives have anticarcinogenic activity in some types of tumors. However, the anticarcinogenic activity has not been identified in the liver, which is a major target organ for carcinogenesis in human. Therefore, we hypothesized that LFO has antihepatocarcinogenic activity, and we tested this hypothesis using the rat medium-term liver bioassay for carcinogens. Six-week-old male F344 rats (15 animals/group) received N-diethylnitrosamine (200 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection) to initiate carcinogenesis. From the second week after initiation, animals received a 6-week regimen of either LFO concentrate solution (0, 150, 300, or 600 mg/kg) intragastrically or phenobarbital sodium salt in the diet (500 ppm) as a positive control. During the third week after initiation, animals were subjected to a two-thirds partial hepatectomy. During the eighth week of the treatment period, liver samples were taken from animals and examined immunohistochemically for expression of glutathione S-transferase placental form. No increase in the number of glutathione S-transferase placental form-positive liver foci was observed in all LFO groups compared with the negative control (solvent) group, and the number of foci in the 600 mg/kg LFO group was significantly lower than that in the negative control group. These results indicate that LFO concentrate solution has a significant inhibitory effect on liver carcinogenesis at 600 mg/kg. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Imai N.,Nagoya City University | Imai N.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | Kawabe M.,DIMS Institute of Medical Science Inc. | Hikage T.,Hokkaido University | And 3 more authors.
Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine | Year: 2011

In recent years concern has arisen whether carrying a cellular phone near the reproductive organs such as the testes may cause dysfunction and particularly decrease in sperm development and production, and thus fertility in men. The present study was performed to investigate the effects of a 1.95GHz electromagnetic field on testicular function in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Five week old animals were divided into 3 groups of 24 each and a 1.95-GHz wide-band code division multiple access (W-CDMA) signal, which is used for the freedom of mobile multimedia access (FOMA), was employed for whole body exposure for 5 hours per day, 7 days a week for 5 weeks (the period from the age of 5 to 10 weeks, corresponding to reproductive maturation in the rat). Whole-body average specific absorption rates (SAR) for individuals were designed to be 0.4 and 0.08 W/kg respectively. The control group received sham exposure. There were no differences in body weight gain or weights of the testis, epididymis, seminal vesicles, and prostate among the groups. The number of sperm in the testis and epididymis were not decreased in the electromagnetic field (EMF) exposed groups, and, in fact, the testicular sperm count was significantly increased with the 0.4 SAR. Abnormalities of sperm motility or morphology and the histological appearance of seminiferous tubules, including the stage of the spermatogenic cycle, were not observed. Thus, under the present exposure conditions, no testicular toxicity was evident. © 2011 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source

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