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Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France

Brieau B.,Gastroenterology and Digestive Oncology Unit | Dahan L.,Digestive Oncology Unit | Dahan L.,Aix - Marseille University | De Rycke Y.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 25 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Few data are available on second-line chemotherapy (CT2) for advanced biliary tract cancer (ABTC). The aim of this multicenter study was to describe the CT2 regimens used, the response rates, and the outcomes of patients treated with various CT2 regimens. METHODS: Patients who received CT2 for ABTC at 17 French institutions after the failure of the gemcitabine-platinum combination were retrospectively studied. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox models were used for multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Among 603 patients who received first-line chemotherapy (CT1) for ABTC, 196 received CT2: 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and irinotecan (n = 64), 5-FU and oxaliplatin (n = 21), 5-FU and cisplatin (n = 38), 5-FU or capecitabine (n = 40), sunitinib (n = 10), or other various regimens (n = 23). Among the 186 assessable patients, there were 22 partial responses and 70 stabilizations. After a median follow-up of 26.4 months, the median PFS and OS were 3.2 and 6.7 months, respectively. There was no significant difference in PFS or OS between CT2 regimens. Fluoropyrimidine-based doublet chemotherapy was not superior to fluoropyrimidine alone in terms of OS and PFS. In a multivariate analysis, a performance status of 0 to 1, disease control with CT1, and a carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) level ≤ 400 IU/mL were significantly associated with longer PFS and OS. Grade 3 to 4 toxicity occurred in 32% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: CT2 might provide disease control for selected patients with ABTC after the failure of gemcitabine-platinum, but the prognosis remains poor. No particular regimen seems superior to others, and this calls for new treatments. A good performance status, disease control with CT1, and a low level of CA 19-9 were associated with longer survival. © 2015 American Cancer Society. Source

Delbaldo C.,Oncology Unit | Ychou M.,Digestive Oncology Unit | Zawadi A.,Roche Holding AG | Douillard J.Y.,Oncology Unit | And 9 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2015

Backgroud: The R98 trial explores the addition of irinotecan to a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) plus leucovorin (5-FU/LV) adjuvant regimen in optimally resected stages II-III rectal cancers. We report the updated long-term results. Disease-free survival (DFS) was the primary end point. Patienst and methods: Between March 1999 and December 2005, 357 patients were randomized: 178 in 5-FU/LV and 179 in LV5-FU2 + irinotecan arm. The trial was stratified by control arm: Mayo Clinic regimen or LV5-FU2 regimen. Results: Three hundred and fifty-seven randomized patients were evaluable for efficacy. With a follow-up of 156 months, the DFS was in favour of experimental arm but did not reach statistical significance [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.80, P = 0.154]. The same was observed for overall survival (OS) (HR = 0.87, P = 0.433). The 5-year DFS was 58% in the control arm and 63% in the experimental arm. The 5-year OS was 74% in the control arm and 75% in the experimental arm. Patients allocated to the experimental arm had more grade 3-4 neutropenia when compared with the LV5-FU2 arm (33% versus 6%, P = 0.03), but not when compared with the Mayo Clinic arm (33% versus 36%, P = 0.84). Grade 3-4 diarrhoea tended to be higher in the experimental arm, but analyses stratified by control arm or by radiotherapy failed to show significant differences across strata (test for interaction P = 0.44). Conclusion: Even though a benefit of irinotecan in subgroups of patients cannot be excluded, due to early termination and lack of power, the study does not support the addition of irinotecan to 5-FU/LV in routine in patients with resected stage II-III rectal cancer. © The Author 2015. Source

Goncalves A.,Institute Paoli Calmettes | Goncalves A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Goncalves A.,Aix - Marseille University | Goncalves A.,Clinical Investigation Center 9502 | And 31 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2012

Background: Sorafenib is an oral anticancer agent targeting Ras-dependent signaling and angiogenic pathways. A phase I trial demonstrated that the combination of gemcitabine and sorafenib was well tolerated and had activity in advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) patients. The BAYPAN study was a multicentric, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized phase III trial comparing gemcitabine/sorafenib and gemcitabine/placebo in the treatment of APC. Patients and methods: The patient eligibility criteria were locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma, no prior therapy for advanced disease and a performance status of zero to two. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). The patients received gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 i.v., weekly seven times followed by 1 rest week, then weekly three times every 4 weeks plus sorafenib 200 mg or placebo, two tablets p.o., twice daily continuously. Results: Between December 2006 and September 2009, 104 patients were enrolled on the study (52 pts in each arm) and 102 patients were treated. The median and the 6-month PFS were 5.7 months and 48% for gemcitabine/placebo and 3.8 months and 33% for gemcitabine/sorafenib (P = 0.902, stratified log-rank test), respectively. The median overall survivals were 9.2 and 8 months, respectively (P = 0.231, log-rank test). The overall response rates were similar (19 and 23%, respectively). Conclusion: The addition of sorafenib to gemcitabine does not improve PFS in APC patients. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source

Lourenco N.,University of Versailles | Lourenco N.,Digestive Oncology Unit | Helias-Rodzewicz Z.,University of Versailles | Bachet J.-B.,University of Versailles | And 10 more authors.
Molecular Cancer | Year: 2014

Background: A KIT gain of function mutation is present in 70% of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and the wild-type (WT) allele is deleted in 5 to 15% of these cases. The WT KIT is probably deleted during GIST progression. We aimed to identify the mechanism of WT KIT loss and to determine whether other genes are involved or affected. Methods: Whole-genome SNP array analyses were performed in 22 GISTs with KIT exon 11 mutations, including 11 with WT loss, to investigate the mechanisms of WT allele deletion. CGH arrays and FISH were performed in some cases. Common genetic events were identified by SNP data analysis. The 9p21.3 locus was studied by multiplex quantification of genomic DNA. Results: Chromosome instability involving the whole chromosome/chromosome arm (whole C/CA) was detected in 21/22 cases. The GISTs segregated in two groups based on their chromosome number: polyGISTs had numerous whole C/CA gains (mean 23, range [9 to 43]/3.11 [1 to 5]), whereas biGISTs had fewer aberrations. Whole C/CA losses were also frequent and found in both groups. There were numerous copy-neutral losses of heterozygosity (cnLOH) of whole C/CA in both polyGIST (7/9) and biGIST (9/13) groups. cnLOH were frequent on 4q, 11p, 11q, 1p, 2q, 3p and 10, and never involved 12p, 12q, 20p, 20q or 19q. Other genetic alterations included segmental chromosome abnormalities, complete bi-allelic deletions (homozygous deletions) and, more rarely, amplifications. Nine of 11 GISTs with homozygous KIT exon 11 mutations had cnLOH of chromosome 4. Conclusion: The cnLOH of whole C/CA is a frequent genetic alteration in GISTs and is closely associated with homozygous mutations of KIT and WT allele deletion. © 2014 Lourenço et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Grothey A.,Mayo Medical School | Van Cutsem E.,University Hospitals | Sobrero A.,Medical Oncology | Siena S.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca | And 17 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2013

Background No treatment options are available for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer that progresses after all approved standard therapies, but many patients maintain a good performance status and could be candidates for further therapy. An international phase 3 trial was done to assess the multikinase inhibitor regorafenib in these patients. Methods We did this trial at 114 centres in 16 countries. Patients with documented metastatic colorectal cancer and progression during or within 3 months after the last standard therapy were randomised (in a 2:1 ratio; by computergenerated randomisation list and interactive voice response system; preallocated block design (block size six); stratifi ed by previous treatment with VEGF-targeting drugs, time from diagnosis of metastatic disease, and geographical region) to receive best supportive care plus oral regorafenib 160 mg or placebo once daily, for the fi rst 3 week s of each 4 week cycle. The primary endpoint was overall survival. The study sponsor, participants, and investigators were masked to treatment assignment. Effi cacy analyses were by intention to treat. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01103323. Findings Between April 30, 2010, and March 22, 2011, 1052 patients were screened, 760 patients were randomised to receive regorafenib (n=505) or placebo (n=255), and 753 patients initiated treatment (regorafenib n=500; placebo n=253; population for safety analyses). The primary endpoint of overall survival was met at a preplanned interim analysis; data cutoff was on July 21, 2011. Median overall survival was 6.4 months in the regorafenib group versus 5.0 months in the placebo group (hazard ratio 0.77; 95% CI 0.64-0.94; one-sided p=0.0052). Treatment-related adverse events occurred in 465 (93%) patients assigned regorafenib and in 154 (61%) of those assigned placebo. The most common adverse events of grade three or higher related to regorafenib were hand-foot skin reaction (83 patients, 17%), fatigue (48, 10%), diarrhoea (36, 7%), hypertension (36, 7%), and rash or desquamation (29, 6%). Interpretation Regorafenib is the fi rst small-molecule multikinase inhibitor with survival benefi ts in metastatic colorectal cancer which has progressed after all standard therapies. The present study provides evidence for a continuing role of targeted treatment after disease progression, with regorafenib off ering a potential new line of therapy in this treatment-refractory population. Funding Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals. Source

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