Tuo B.,Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College |
Tuo B.,Hannover Medical School |
Tuo B.,Digestive Disease Institute of Guizhou Province |
Ju Z.,Hangzhou Normal University |
And 7 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology | Year: 2012
The incidence of duodenal ulcer, especially Helicobacter pylori-negative duodenal ulcer, strongly increases with age. In humans, telomere length shortening is considered to be one critical factor in cellular senescence and organ survival. In this study, we compared basal and stimulated gastric acid and duodenal HCO3 - secretory rates in aged late-generation (G3) telomerase-deficient (mTERC-/-) mice, which are characterized by severe telomere dysfunction due to the inability to elongate telomeres during cell division. We found that basal and forskolin-stimulated HCO3 - secretion and short-circuit current (Isc) in isolated duodenal mucosa of G3 mTERC-/- mice were markedly reduced compared with age-matched wild-type mice. In contrast, basal and forskolin-stimulated acid secretory rates in isolated G3 mTERC-/- gastric mucosa were not significantly altered. Correspondingly, duodenal mucosa of G3 mTERC-/- mice showed slimming and shortening of villi, whereas gastric mucosal histology was not significantly altered. However, the ratios of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and solute-linked carrier 26 gene family (Slc26a6) mRNA expression in relation to cytokeratin-18 were not altered in duodenal mucosa. The further knockout of p21, which is a downstream effector of telomere shortening-induced senescence, rescued villus atrophy of duodenal mucosa, and basal and forskolin-stimulated duodenal HCO3 - secretion and Isc in mTERC-/- p21-/- double-knockout mice were not different from wild-type controls. In conclusion, genetic ablation of telomerase resulted in p21-dependent duodenal mucosal atrophy and reduced duodenal HCO3 - secretory capacity, whereas gastric morphology and acid secretory function were preserved. This suggests that telomere shortening during aging may result in an imbalance between aggressive and protective secretions against duodenal mucosa and thus predispose to ulcer formation. © 2012 the American Physiological Society.
Jin H.,Affiliated Hospital |
Jin H.,Digestive Disease Institute of Guizhou Province |
Wen G.,Affiliated Hospital |
Wen G.,Digestive Disease Institute of Guizhou Province |
And 14 more authors.
Experimental Physiology | Year: 2016
New Findings: What is the central question of this study? Duodenal ulcer is a common disease. A sex-based difference in the incidence of duodenal ulcer has long been observed clinically, but the cause is unclear. What is the main finding and its importance? Duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion is the most important protective factor in duodenal mucosa against acid-induced damage. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and the solute-linked carrier 26 gene family A6 (SLC26A6) are two key bicarbonate transport proteins that mediate duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion. We demonstrate that endogenous oestrogen upregulates the expression levels and functional activities of duodenal mucosal CFTR and SLC26A6, which contributes to the sex difference in the prevalence of duodenal ulcer. The incidence of duodenal ulcer is markedly lower in women than men, but the cause of the sex difference is not clear. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and the solute-linked carrier 26 gene family A6 (SLC26A6) are two key bicarbonate transport proteins that mediate duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion, which is an important protective factor against acid-induced duodenal injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oestrogen on the expressions and functional activities of CFTR and SLC26A6 in duodenal mucosa. We found that the expression levels of duodenal CFTR and SLC26A6 were markedly higher in young (20- to 30-year-old) women than in young men and old (60- to 70-year-old) women and men. The expression levels of CFTR and SLC26A6 in young women were markedly higher in preovulatory phases than in premenstrual phases, which was consistent with the changes of serum estradiol concentrations. Further results showed that duodenal CFTR and SLC26A6 expression levels in female mice were markedly decreased after ovariectomy, and supplementation with estradiol reversed the changes in CFTR and SLC26A6. 17β-Estradiol increased CFTR and SLC26A6 expression levels of human duodenocytes in experiments in vitro. Functional experiments showed that basal and forskolin- and prostaglandin E2-stimulated duodenal bicarbonate secretion in ovariectomized mice was markedly decreased and, likewise, supplementation with 17β-estradiol reversed the changes. In conclusion, endogenous oestrogen upregulates the expressions and functional activities of CFTR and SLC26A6 in duodenal mucosa, which could contribute to protection of the duodenum and explain the sex difference in the prevalence of duodenal ulcer. © 2016 The Authors. Experimental Physiology © 2016 The Physiological Society
Xu J.,Affiliated Hospital |
Xu J.,Digestive Disease Institute of Guizhou Province |
Ji B.,Affiliated Hospital |
Ji B.,Digestive Disease Institute of Guizhou Province |
And 18 more authors.
Carcinogenesis | Year: 2015
Interleukin 6 (IL6) is a key cytokine involved in the development and progression of inflammation-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanisms of IL6 action on HCC remain largely unknown. Proton and Ca2+ are two intracellular messenger ions, which are believed to play a central role in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. In this study, we found that IL6 stimulation markedly increased intracellualr pH recovery rates of human HCC cells, Huh7 and HepG2, after NH4Cl acidification, and the NH4Cl acidification induced transient intracellular Ca2+ increases in the HCC cells. The inhibition of Na+/H+ exchanger 1 (NHE1), Na+/Ca2+ exchanger 1 (NCX1) and calmodulin (CaM) inhibited the IL6 stimulation-induced intracellular pH recovery increases and NH4Cl acidification-induced intracellular Ca2+ increases. IL6 stimulation also induced the structural interaction of NHE1, NCX1 and CaM proteins. The protein expression levels of NHE1, NCX1 and CaM in native human HCC tissues were markedly higher than those in normal liver tissues. IL6 upregulated the expressions of NHE1, NCX1 and CaM in Huh7 and HepG2 cells. NHE1, NCX1 and CaM mediated the promotion of IL6 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of Huh7 and HepG2 cells and the growth of HCC in nude mice. In conclusion, IL6 activates the functional activity of NHE1 and induces the functional and structural interaction of NHE1, NCX1 and CaM. The interaction of NHE1, NCX1 and CaM mediates the effects of IL6 on human HCC. © The Author 2016.
Xu J.,Affiliated Hospital |
Xu J.,Digestive Disease Institute of Guizhou Province |
Xie R.,Affiliated Hospital |
Xie R.,Digestive Disease Institute of Guizhou Province |
And 16 more authors.
Carcinogenesis | Year: 2012
Tumor cells often exist in a hypoxic microenvironment, which produces acidic metabolites. To survive in this harsh environment, tumor cells must exhibit a dynamic cytosolic pH regulatory system. Vacuolar H. +-adenosine triphosphatase (V-ATPase) is considered to play an important role in the regulation of the acidic microenvironment of some tumors. In this study, we made an investigation on the expression and functional role of V-ATPase in native human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The results showed that the messenger RNA and protein expression levels of V-ATPase subunit ATP6L in native human HCC tissues were markedly increased, compared with normal liver tissues. Immunohistochemical analysis further confirmed the enhanced expression of V-ATPase ATP6L in human HCC cells and revealed that V-ATPase ATP6L was distributed in the cytoplasm and plasma membrane of HCC cells. The results from immunofluorescence and biotinylation of cell surface protein showed that V-ATPase ATP6L was conspicuously located in the plasma membrane of human HCC cells. Bafilomycin A1, a specific V-ATPase inhibitor, markedly slowed the intracellular pH (pHi) recovery after acid load in human HCC cells and retarded the growth of human HCC in orthotopic xenograft model. These results demonstrated that V-ATPase is up-regulated in human HCC and involved in the regulation of pHi of human HCC cells. The inhibition of V-ATPase can effectively retard the growth of HCC, indicating that V-ATPase may play an important role in the development and progression of human HCC, and targeting V-ATPase may be a promising therapeutic strategy against human HCC. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.