Eindhoven, Netherlands
Eindhoven, Netherlands

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Hoffmann J.J.M.L.,Abbott Laboratories | Van Den Broek N.M.A.,Diagnostiek voor U Laboratory | Curvers J.,Diagnostiek voor U Laboratory
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: Optical analysis of erythrocytes can provide information on the hemoglobin concentration and content of reticulocytes and mature erythrocytes. Such parameters have proven clinical utility in anemia diagnosis and therapy monitoring. For interpretation, reliable reference ranges are needed. The aim of this study was to establish reference intervals for extended erythrocyte and reticulocyte parameters as measured with the Abbott CELL-DYN Sapphire hematology analyzer. Secondary aims were to study sample stability and to investigate gender- and age dependency of the reference ranges. Methods: Extended RBC parameters were measured in routine samples of a primary health care laboratory. The study cohort included 8161 samples of unique individuals, which were analyzed using Bhattacharya statistics. As a comparison, reference intervals were calculated in a subset of individuals without iron depletion. Results: The majority of erythrocyte and reticulocyte parameters were normally distributed, allowing calculation of reference intervals. Only for hypo- and hyperchromic eryth-rocytes non-parametric statistics had to be used. The reference range for mean cellular hemoglobin content of reticulocytes (MCHr) was 28.5-34.5 pg (1.77-2.14 fmol) in the entire study group and 26.0-35.1 pg (1.60-2.17 fmol) in the non iron-depleted subgroup. No differences between sexes were found. Most parameters showed significant age effects in children and adolescents. Conclusions: Reference intervals have been established for extended RBC and reticulocyte parameters for the CELL-DYN Sapphire. Gender effects could not be demonstrated and age effects were of limited size, except for individuals younger than 18 years. Extended RBC parameters are stable for at least 6 h after blood collection. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter •Berlin • Boston.


Hoffmann J.J.M.L.,Abbott Laboratories | Van Den Broek N.M.A.,Diagnostiek voor U Laboratory | Curvers J.,Diagnostiek voor U Laboratory
Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2013

Context.-Reticulated platelets are platelets recently released from the bone marrow, and they can serve as a noninvasive indicator of recent megakaryopoietic activity. Widespread clinical use has been hampered by laborious methods and lack of standardization. Recently, a fully automated method was released on the Abbott CELL-DYN Sapphire hematology analyzer. Objective.-To establish reference ranges for reticulated platelets. Secondary aims were to investigate associations between reticulated platelets and other platelet parameters like mean platelet volume, plateletcrit, and platelet distribution width. Design.-Reticulated platelets and other platelet parameters were measured in an unselected cohort of 8089 subjects visiting a primary health care laboratory. The reticulated platelet data were analyzed using the Bhattacharya technique. In addition, a nonparametric method was used in selected subjects with normal platelet counts for providing reference ranges. Results.-Reticulated platelets ranged from 0.4% to 6.0% or from 1 to 18 × 103/L. Reticulated platelets increased significantly with the subjects' age. Statistically, males had slightly higher values than females, but the differences were negligible. Reticulated platelets were positively correlated with platelet count and negatively with mean platelet volume. Conclusions.-Reference ranges have been established for reticulated platelets as measured on the CELL-DYN Sapphire hematology analyzer. There were no relevant differences between the sexes, but there was a clear effect of age. An individual's reticulated platelets are associated with the platelet count as well as mean platelet volume.


Hoffmann J.J.M.L.,Abbott Laboratories | Nabbe K.C.A.M.,Diagnostiek voor U Laboratory | Van Den Broek N.M.A.,Diagnostiek voor U Laboratory
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) was recently shown to be age-dependent when using Sysmex XE-2100 hematology analyzers. As measuring RDW is subject to technology, we have investigated if this relation also exists when using a different hematology analyzer, Abbott CELL-DYN Sapphire. In addition, as RDW is generally expressed relative to mean red blood cell volume (MCV), we have explored how MCV influences the age-dependency of RDW. Methods: We measured RDW and MCV in a large cohort and calculated RDW-SD (the "absolute" RDW), which does not contain MCV. For establishing reference intervals we used Bhattacharya statistics. Results: In our study cohort of 8089 individuals we found a strong association between RDW and age, but not with gender. Also MCV showed an age-related increase over the entire age range. The conventional RDW increased by 6% from the youngest to oldest age class, whereas RDW-SD increased by nearly 15%. This difference was caused by a mean age-related increase in MCV of 6.6%. Age-dependent reference intervals were established for RDW, RDW-SD and MCV. Conclusions: The age-dependency of RDW seems to be a universal biological feature rather than related with a single type of hematology analyzer. As not only RDW, but also MCV increases with age, we propose that future studies on the prognostic significance of RDW take its age-dependency into account and focus on RDW-SD as a potential marker of adverse events in many clinical conditions. © 2015 by De Gruyter 2015.

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