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Friedewald S.M.,Advocate Lutheran General Hospital | Rafferty E.A.,Massachusetts General Hospital | Rose S.L.,Comprehensive Breast Center | Rose S.L.,Solis Womens Health | And 11 more authors.
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association | Year: 2014

IMPORTANCE: Mammography plays a key role in early breast cancer detection. Single-institution studies have shown that adding tomosynthesis to mammography increases cancer detection and reduces false-positive results. OBJECTIVE: To determine if mammography combined with tomosynthesis is associated with better performance of breast screening programs in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective analysis of screening performance metrics from 13 academic and nonacademic breast centers using mixed models adjusting for site as a random effect. EXPOSURES: Period 1: digital mammography screening examinations 1 year before tomosynthesis implementation (start dates ranged from March 2010 to October 2011 through the date of tomosynthesis implementation); period 2: digital mammography plus tomosynthesis examinations from initiation of tomosynthesis screening (March 2011 to October 2012) through December 31, 2012. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Recall rate for additional imaging, cancer detection rate, and positive predictive values for recall and for biopsy. RESULTS: A total of 454 850 examinations (n=281 187 digital mammography; n=173 663 digital mammography + tomosynthesis) were evaluated. With digital mammography, 29 726 patients were recalled and 5056 biopsies resulted in cancer diagnosis in 1207 patients (n=815 invasive; n=392 in situ). With digital mammography + tomosynthesis, 15 541 patients were recalled and 3285 biopsies resulted in cancer diagnosis in 950 patients (n=707 invasive; n=243 in situ). Model-adjusted rates per 1000 screens were as follows: for recall rate, 107 (95% CI, 89-124) with digital mammography vs 91 (95% CI, 73-108) with digital mammography + tomosynthesis; difference, -16 (95% CI, -18 to -14; P < .001); for biopsies, 18.1 (95% CI, 15.4-20.8) with digital mammography vs 19.3 (95% CI, 16.6-22.1) with digital mammography + tomosynthesis; difference, 1.3 (95% CI, 0.4-2.1; P = .004); for cancer detection, 4.2 (95% CI, 3.8-4.7) with digital mammography vs 5.4 (95% CI, 4.9-6.0) with digital mammography + tomosynthesis; difference, 1.2 (95% CI, 0.8-1.6; P < .001); and for invasive cancer detection, 2.9 (95% CI, 2.5-3.2) with digital mammography vs 4.1 (95% CI, 3.7-4.5) with digital mammography + tomosynthesis; difference, 1.2 (95% CI, 0.8-1.6; P < .001). The in situ cancer detection rate was 1.4 (95% CI, 1.2-1.6) per 1000 screens with both methods. Adding tomosynthesis was associated with an increase in the positive predictive value for recall from 4.3% to 6.4% (difference, 2.1%; 95% CI, 1.7%-2.5%; P < .001) and for biopsy from 24.2% to 29.2% (difference, 5.0%; 95% CI, 3.0%-7.0%; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Addition of tomosynthesis to digital mammography was associated with a decrease in recall rate and an increase in cancer detection rate. Further studies are needed to assess the relationship to clinical outcomes. Copyright 2014 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Zhao Y.,Diagnostic Healthcare
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics | Year: 2017

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) for the detection of chromosome abnormalities in miscarriage tissues, and to correlate the result with ultrasound findings.METHODS: A total of 421 cases of spontaneous abortions and fetal deaths were detected with the MLPA method.RESULTS: Among the 421 samples, 232 (55.11%) had an abnormal MLPA result. For the 286 cases derived from < 13 weeks pregnancy, 206 (72.03%) were abnormal. For the 49 cases from 14-19 weeks pregnancy, 14 (28.57%) were abnormal. For the 86 cases derived after 20 weeks pregnancy, 12 (13.95%) were abnormal. Among the 117 cases with abnormal ultrasound findings, 33 cases (28.21%) had an abnormal MLPA result, 28 out of the 33 cases were numerical chromosome abnormality, 4 cases were chromosome microdeletion and/or micro duplication, 1 case had both numerical abnormality and microduplication. For those with abnormal ultrasound findings for the neck region, fetal edematous syndrome, multiple malformations and digestive system, the detection rates for MLPA were 71.4%, 58.8%, 37.8%, and 9.1%, respectively. For those with abnormal finding of cardiac system, nervous system, face, skeletal system and urinary system, none was found with positive results of MLPA.CONCLUSION: Numerical chromosomal abnormalities account for the majority of cases with spontaneous abortion. With the increase of gestational age, the occurrence of chromosomal abnormalities gradually declines. Combined ultrasound and MLPA assay can improve the detection rate and accuracy for chromosomal abormalities.

Hill K.,West Park Healthcare Center | Dolmage T.E.,Diagnostic Healthcare | Woon L.,West Park Healthcare Center | Goldstein R.,West Park Healthcare Center | Brooks D.,University of Toronto
Thorax | Year: 2010

Rationale The SenseWear armband (SAB) is designed to measure energy expenditure (EE). In people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), EE estimated using the SAB (EESAB) is a popular outcome measure. However, a detailed analysis of the measurement properties of the SAB in COPD is lacking. Objective To examine the sensitivity of EESAB, agreement between EESAB and EE measured via indirect calorimetry (EE IC), and its repeatability in COPD. Methods 26 people with COPD (forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)=496±8% predicted; 15 males) spent 6 min in five standardised tasks that comprised supine, sitting, standing and two walking speeds. A subgroup (n=12) walked using a rollator. Throughout each task, measurements of EESAB and EEIC were collected. The protocol was repeated on a second day. Results EESAB increased between standing and slow walking (2.4, metabolic equivalents (METs) 95% CI 2.2 to 2.7) as well as slow and fast walking (0.5 METs, 95% CI 0.3 to 0.7). Considering all tasks together, the difference between EESAB and EEIC was -0.2 METs (p=0.21) with a limit of agreement of 1.3 METs. The difference between days in EESAB was 0.0 METs with a coefficient of repeatability of 0.4 METs. Rollator use increased the variability in EE SAB, compromising its repeatability and agreement with EE IC. Conclusions EESAB was sensitive to small but important changes. There was fair agreement between EESAB and EEIC, and measurements of EESAB were repeatable. These observations suggest that the SAB is useful for the evaluation of EE in patients with COPD who walk without a rollator.

Chatha D.S.,Diagnostic Healthcare | Schweitzer M.E.,University of Ottawa
Bulletin of the NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases | Year: 2011

Purpose. It is somewhat surprising that radiographic criteria for lumbar stenosis have been transposed from radiography and CT to MR without scientific validation. As these radiographic criteria were developed via population studies with criteria defined by two standard deviations from the mean, we sought to perform the same methodology via MR. Methods. The study was approved by the institutional review board; the requirement for informed consent was waived. One-hundred patients referred for possible metastatic disease, aged 4 to 94 were studied. Measurements were obtained on a midline sagittal T2-weighted (6000/120) image at each disc level, as well as at the mid-vertebral level. The distributive mean, and standard deviations were calculated and -2 SD was used as a "cutoff" for spinal stenosis. To assess for interobserver variation, 20% of the measurements were repeated by a second observer. To assess for intraobserver variation, another 20% of the measurements were repeated a second time at a minimum of a two month interval. Results. The spinal canal was narrowest at L5-S1 (mean: 1.16 cm), and widest at L1-L2 (mean: 1.56 cm). Overall the narrowest measurements were at the intervertebral disc space and were narrower at the lower disc spaces. In our population, the lowest cutoff limit (two standard deviations below the mean) had a range between 0.38 cm at the L3-L4 disc space and 0.9 cm at the L1 vertebral level. Notably at the L3 level the size range was from 0.77 to 1.75 Conclusion. Traditional measurements of canal diameters may be too large when applied to soft tissue analysis on MR. We suggest using a cutoff of smaller than 0.90 cm for developmental stenosis.

Diagnostic Healthcare | Date: 2013-04-11

Compositions are disclosed that include a support having on a surface thereof at least an inner polysaccharide layer and an outer polysaccharide layer. The outer polysaccharide layer has pendant moieties each comprising a terminal amine functionality. The point of linkage of the pendant moiety to the outer polysaccharide layer does not comprise an amide bond. The composition may be employed in a method of conjugating a member of a specific binding pair to a particle. The method comprises reacting the terminal amine functionality of the composition with the member of the specific binding pair, which comprises an amine-reactive functionality.

Diagnostic Healthcare | Date: 2013-04-23

A sample analyzer has an illuminator for illuminating an assay sample to cause luminescence, and a support for a sample vessel containing the assay sample. The support is adapted to position the assay sample proximate the illuminator. A detector is positioned along an optical axis extending from the illuminator, through the positioned assay sample, to the detector, so as to detect the luminescence from the assay sample. A reflector is removably disposed between the illuminator and the assay sample so as to reflect a portion of the luminescence back through the positioned assay sample toward the detector.

Diagnostic Healthcare | Date: 2013-07-25

A probe cleaning apparatus is disclosed. Probe cleaning apparatus has a body, a reservoir within the body that is configured to contain a cleaning liquid, a partition wall configured to separate the reservoir into an inner region and an outer region, one or more liquid flow paths between the inner region and an outer region, and a cleaning member arranged in the inner region that is configured to contact an outer surface of a probe when the probe is inserted into the inner region. Cleaning liquid flows through the inner region to remove residue removed by the cleaning member. In another aspect, a disposable probe cleaning apparatus is provided. Systems and methods for carrying out probe cleaning are provided, as are other aspects.

Diagnostic Healthcare | Date: 2012-12-04

A data and instrument management and interface system comprises a web server hosted on an intranet network having a wireless range. The web server has a processor, and a non-transitory computer memory coupled with the processor and storing processor executable code. The web server can communicate over the intranet network with a web browser running on a handheld user device located within the wireless range of the intranet network, and with an instrument. The processor executable code causes the processor to: receive a first wireless signal over the intranet network, the first wireless signal transmitted by the web browser and indicative of request for data for the instrument; authenticate the handheld user device and a user of the web browser; and transmit a second wireless signal to the web browser indicative of data for the instrument responsive to the handheld user device and the user being authenticated.

Diagnostic Healthcare | Date: 2014-03-13

A microfluidic distributing device having a plurality of microchannels for the analysis of a fluid sample (such as blood). The microfluidic distributing device has a fluid sample entry port from which subsamples of the fluid sample are distributed to the plurality of microchannels in which fluid subsamples are treated for analysis by test devices.

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