Time filter

Source Type

Melbourne, Australia

Cameron J.,Australian Catholic University | Worrall-Carter L.,Center for Nursing Research | Page K.,Center for Nursing Research | Riegel B.,University of Pennsylvania | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Heart Failure | Year: 2010

Aims: Cognitive impairment occurs often in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and may contribute to sub-optimal self-care. This study aimed to test the impact of cognitive impairment on self-care. Methods and results: In 93 consecutive patients hospitalized with CHF, self-care (Self-Care of Heart Failure Index) was assessed. Multiple regression analysis was used to test a model of variables hypothesized to predict self-care maintenance, management, and confidence. Variables in the model were mild cognitive impairment (MCI; Mini-Mental State Exam and Montreal Cognitive Assessment), depressive symptoms (Cardiac Depression Scale), age, gender, social isolation, education level, new diagnosis, and co-morbid illnesses. Sixty-eight patients (75%) were coded as having MCI and had significantly lower self-care management (η2= 0.07, P, 0.01) and self-confidence scores (η2= 0.05, P < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, MCI, co-morbidity index, and NYHA class III or IV explained 20% of the variance in self-care management (P < 0.01); MCI made the largest contribution explaining 9% of the variance. Increasing age and symptoms of depression explained 13% of the variance in self-care confidence scores (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Cognitive impairment, a hidden co-morbidity, may impede patients' ability to make appropriate self-care decisions. Screening for MCI may alert health professionals to those at greater risk of failed self-care. © The Author 2010.

Murphy A.J.,Columbia University | Bijl N.,Columbia University | Yvan-Charvet L.,Columbia University | Welch C.B.,Columbia University | And 8 more authors.
Nature Medicine | Year: 2013

Platelets have a key role in atherogenesis and its complications. Both hypercholesterolemia and increased platelet production promote atherothrombosis; however, a potential link between altered cholesterol homeostasis and platelet production has not been explored. Here we show that transplantation of bone marrow deficient in ABCG4, a transporter of unknown function, into Ldlr -/- mice resulted in thrombocytosis, accelerated thrombosis and atherosclerosis. Although not detected in atherosclerotic lesions, Abcg4 was highly expressed in bone marrow megakaryocyte progenitors (MkPs). Abcg4 -/- MkPs had defective cholesterol efflux to high-density lipoprotein (HDL), increased cell surface expression of the thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor (c-MPL) and enhanced proliferation. These consequences of ABCG4 deficiency seemed to reflect disruption of negative feedback regulation of c-MPL signaling by the E3 ligase c-CBL and the cholesterol-sensing LYN kinase. HDL infusion reduced platelet counts in Ldlr-/- mice and in a mouse model of myeloproliferative neoplasm in an ABCG4-dependent fashion. HDL infusions may offer a new approach to reducing atherothrombotic events associated with increased platelet production. © 2013 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.

Vigersky R.A.,Diabetes Institute
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology | Year: 2011

Despite some progress in reducing the rate of diabetic complications, the epidemic rise in incidence of diabetes mellitus ensures that there will be an increasing number of patients in the coming decades with complex health care management issues who will need efficient and effective care. The management of patients with diabetes is an ever-challenging endeavor attributable to several factors. These include, among others, (1) limited provider expertise, (2) decreasing time of a patient visit, (3) increasing complexity of drug management, (4) limited use of self-monitoring of blood glucose by patients and/or providers, (5) clinical inertia, and (6) nonadherence. Technology-driven innovative solutions, including those using virtual reality, are desperately needed to assist both patients and their providers in overcoming the exigencies of this protean disease. © Diabetes Technology Society.

Bode B.W.,Atlanta Diabetes Associates | Brett J.,Novo Nordisk AS | Falahati A.,Novo Nordisk AS | Pratley R.E.,Diabetes Institute
American Journal Geriatric Pharmacotherapy | Year: 2011

Background: Managing elderly patients with type 2 diabetes poses particular challenges, so it is important to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability profile of antidiabetic therapies specifically in this patient population. Objective: The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability profile of liraglutide, a GLP-1 analog, in elderly (≥65 years) and younger (<65 years) patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: A pooled analysis of 6 randomized, placebo-controlled, multinational trials included data from 3967 patients aged18 to 80 years with type 2 diabetes and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA 1c) of 7% to 11%. Of these, 552 patients ≥65 years received liraglutide 1.8 mg, liraglutide 1.2 mg, or placebo; 2231 patients <65 years received liraglutide 1.8 mg, liraglutide 1.2 mg, or placebo for 26 weeks. End points were: change in HbA 1c, fasting plasma glucose, body weight, and blood pressure: as marked to identify elements tracked for change from baseline; hypoglycemic episodes; and adverse events. Results: Reduction in HbA 1c from baseline was significantly greater with liraglutide 1.8 mg versus placebo (least squares mean difference: ≥65 years, 0.91% [95% CI, 0.69-1.12]; <65 years, 1.17% [95% CI, 1.06-1.28]; both, P < 0.0001) and with liraglutide 1.2 mg versus placebo (<65 years, 0.87% [95% CI, 0.64-1.11]; <65 years, 1.10% [95% CI, 0.98-1.22]; both, P < 0.0001). For fasting plasma glucose, comparable results were observed between liraglutide 1.8 mg or 1.2 mg and placebo for both age groups (P < 0.0001). No statistically significant difference in body weight change was seen with liraglutide between the age groups. The proportion of patients reporting minor hypoglycemia was low and appeared comparable between the ≥65-year-old (4.3%-15.2%) and <65-year-old (8%13.2%) groups. Likewise, adverse events appeared comparable in nature and frequency. Conclusion: Liraglutide provides effective glycemic control and is well tolerated in patients ≥65 and <65 years of age with type 2 diabetes. These data suggest that liraglutide may be a suitable treatment option for older patients who may have additional age-related complications. © 2011 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. All rights reserved.

Pratley R.E.,Diabetes Institute | Nauck M.A.,Diabetes Center | Bailey T.,AMCR Institute Inc. | Montanya E.,University of Barcelona | And 5 more authors.
Diabetes Care | Year: 2012

OBJECTIVE - To assess the efficacy and safety of switching from sitagliptin to liraglutide in metformin-treated adults with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - In an open-label trial, participants randomized to receive either liraglutide (1.2 or 1.8 mg/day) or sitagliptin (100 mg/day), each added to metformin, continued treatment for 52 weeks. In a 26-week extension, sitagliptin-treated participants were randomly allocated to receive instead liraglutide at either 1.2 or 1.8 mg/day, while participants originally randomized to receive liraglutide continued unchanged. RESULTS - Although 52 weeks of sitagliptin changed glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) by -0.9% from baseline, additional decreases occurred after switching to liraglutide (1.2 mg/day, -0.2%, P = 0.006; 1.8 mg/day, -0.5%, P = 0.0001). Conversion to liraglutide was associated with reductions in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (1.2 mg/day, -0.8 mmol/L, P = 0.0004; 1.8mg/ day, -1.4 mmol/L, P < 0.0001) and body weight (1.2 mg/day, -1.6 kg; 1.8 mg/day, -2.5 kg; both P < 0.0001) and with an increased proportion of patients reaching HbA1c <7% (from ∼30% to ∼50%). Overall treatment satisfaction, assessed by the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire, improved after switching to liraglutide (pooled 1.2 and 1.8 mg/day, 1.3; P = 0.0189). After switching, mostly transient nausea occurred in 21% of participants, and minor hypoglycemia remained low (3-4% of participants). Continuing liraglutide treatment at 1.2 mg/ day and 1.8 mg/day for 78 weeks reduced HbA1c (baseline 8.3 and 8.4%, respectively) by -0.9 and -1.3%, respectively; FPG by -1.3 and -1.7mmol/L, respectively; and weight by -2.6 and -3.1 kg, respectively, with 9-10% of participants reporting minor hypoglycemia. CONCLUSIONS - Glycemic control, weight, and treatment satisfaction improved after switching from sitagliptin to liraglutide, albeit with a transient increase in gastrointestinal reactions. © 2012 by the American Diabetes Association.

Discover hidden collaborations