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Vaiserman A.M.,Df Chebotarev State Institute Of Gerontology | Zabuga O.G.,Df Chebotarev State Institute Of Gerontology | Kolyada A.K.,Df Chebotarev State Institute Of Gerontology | Pisaruk A.V.,Df Chebotarev State Institute Of Gerontology | Kozeretska I.A.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Biogerontology | Year: 2013

Reciprocal cross effects (i.e., differences between reciprocal hybrids that are developed by reversing the strains from which the dam and the sire are taken) are commonly used as a measure of sex-linkage or maternal effects. However, the papers reporting parental effects on life span of experimental animals are scarce. In order to investigate the potential of parent-of-origin effects for the longevity of hybrids, we determined the life spans of the inbred lines of Drosophila melanogaster [Oregon-R (OR), Canton-S (CS) and Uman (Um)] that differ significantly in longevity, as well as the life span of the progeny from the reciprocal crosses among them. The hybridization caused the increase in both flies' mean and maximum life span mainly shifting the survival curves upward proportionally at all ages. This resulted in the reduction in the Gompertz intercept (frailty) whereas the Gompertz slope (the rate of aging) was predominantly unchanged. Better-parent heterosis was observed in hybrids between OR and Um inbred lines and the extent of heterosis was more pronounced in hybrids between CS and Um inbred lines if long-lived parent was used as the female parent, and short-lived parent was used as the male parent in the crossing scheme. Such discrepancy in life span between reciprocal crosses may indicate that non-chromosomal factors are significantly contributing to a heterotic response. Our data are in line with the previous reports suggesting the involvement of non-genomic factors, particularly epigenetic events attributed to hybridization, in the manifestation of heterosis. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Shatylo V.B.,Df Chebotarev State Institute Of Gerontology | Serebrovska T.V.,Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology | Gavalko A.V.,Df Chebotarev State Institute Of Gerontology | Egorov E.,CELLGYM Technologies GmbH | Korkushko O.V.,Df Chebotarev State Institute Of Gerontology
High Altitude Medicine and Biology | Year: 2016

Shatylo, Valerii B., Tetiana V. Serebrovska, Anna V. Gavalko, Egor Egorov, and Oleg V. Korkushko. Acute hypoxic test in patients with prediabetes. High Alt Med Biol. 17:101-107, 2016. - Prediabetes is a state of impaired carbohydrate metabolism when not all of the symptoms required to label a person as diabetic are present, but blood glucose is higher than in healthy subjects. Recent evidence suggests that intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) might provide a cost-effective strategy for improving metabolic functioning. One of the most important aspects of the successful IHT application is individualized approach to hypoxic dose and regimen prescription. To establish the relationships between indices of carbohydrate metabolism and individual resistance to hypoxia, the acute hypoxic test (AHT, breathing gas mixture with 12% O2 during 20 minutes) was performed in 33 healthy volunteers (mean age, 63.0, range, 44-76; fasting plasma glucose (FPG) less than 5.6 mmol/L and 2 hours postoral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) glycemia less than 7.8 mmol/L) and 30 patients with impaired glucose metabolism (mean age, 65.5, range, 44-75; FPG from 5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L and 2 hours post-OGTT glycemia from 7.8 to 11 mmol/L). Negative correlation was found between the SaO2 level at 20th minute AHT and FPG (r = -0.83; p < 0.01) and insulin (r = -0.27; p < 0.05), as well as 2 hours post-OGTT glucose and insulin levels (r = -0.75 and -0.40, respectively). Longer recovery time and less effective functioning of respiratory and cardiovascular systems were also registered in patients with prediabetes showing that their cardiovascular resilience is impaired compared to normoglycemic controls. These patterns of relationship must be considered when assigning the individual modes of IHT. © Copyright 2016, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2016.

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