Endothelial cell-specific chemotaxis receptor (ECSCR) enhances vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-2/kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) activation and promotes proteolysis of internalized KDR
Kilari S.,Developmental Vascular Biology Program |
Remadevi I.,Developmental Vascular Biology Program |
Ramchandran R.,Developmental Vascular Biology Program |
North P.E.,Medical College of Wisconsin |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Biological Chemistry | Year: 2013
The endothelial cell-specific chemotaxis receptor (ECSCR) is a cell-surface protein selectively expressed by endothelial cells (ECs), with roles in EC migration, apoptosis and proliferation. Our previous study (Verma, A., Bhattacharya, R., Remadevi, I., Li, K., Pramanik, K., Samant, G. V., Horswill, M.,Chun,C. Z., Zhao, B.,Wang, E., Miao, R. Q., Mukhopadhyay, D., Ramchandran, R., and Wilkinson, G. A. (2010) Blood 115, 4614-4622) showed that loss of ECSCRin primaryECsreduced tyrosine phosphorylation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor 2/kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) but not VEGF receptor 1/FLT1. Here, we show thatECSCRbiochemically associates withKDRbut notFLT1 and that the predicted ECSCR cytoplasmic and transmembrane regions can each confer association with KDR. Stimulation with VEGF165 rapidly and transiently increases ECSCR-KDR complex formation, a process blocked by the KDR tyrosine kinase inhibitor compoundSU5416or inhibitors of endosomal acidification. Triple labeling experiments show VEGF-stimulated KDR-/ECSCR- intracellular co-localization. Silencing of ECSCR disrupts VEGFinduced KDR activation and AKT and ERK phosphorylation andimpairsVEGF- stimulatedKDRdegradation. In zebrafish, ecscr interacts with kdrl during intersomitic vessel sprouting. Human placenta and infantile hemangioma samples highly expressECSCR protein, suggesting a role for ECSCR-KDR interaction in these tissues. © 2013 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.