Pfister F.,University of Heidelberg |
Wang Y.,University of Heidelberg |
Schreiter K.,DeveloGen AG |
Vom Hagen F.,University of Heidelberg |
And 5 more authors.
Our previous data suggested that angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) is linked to pericyte loss, thereby playing an important role in diabetic retinopathy. In this study, we investigated the effect of retinal overexpression of human Ang-2 (mOpsinhAng2 mouse) on vascular morphology in non-diabetic and streptozotozin-induced diabetic animals. Pericyte (PC) coverage and acellular capillary (AC) formation were quantitated in retinal digest preparations after 3 and 6 months of diabetes duration. The degree of retinopathy in non-diabetic mOpsinhAng2 mice at 3 months (-21% PC, +49% AC) was comparable to age-matched diabetic wild type mice. Diabetic mOpsinhAng2 mice exhibited significantly worse vascular pathology than wild type counterparts at 6 months. Quantitative PCR revealed that human Ang-2 mRNA was highly overexpressed in retinas of transgenic mice. Our data demonstrate that overexpression of Ang-2 in the retina enhances vascular pathology, indicating that Ang-2 plays an essential role in diabetic vasoregression via destabilization of pericytes. © 2009 Springer-Verlag. Source
DG3173 (somatoprim), a unique somatostatin receptor subtypes 2-, 4- and 5-selective analogue, effectively reduces GH secretion in human GH-secreting pituitary adenomas even in Octreotide non-responsive tumours
Plockinger U.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin |
Hoffmann U.,DeveloGen AG |
Geese M.,DeveloGen AG |
Lupp A.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena |
And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Endocrinology
Objective: Somatostatin analogues (SSA) reduce autonomous GH secretion by activating somatostatin receptors (sst) 2 and 5 in 50-60% of acromegalic patients. However, by inhibiting insulin secretion these SSA reduce glucose tolerance. DG3173 is a novel SSA with additional binding to sst4 and low insulin-suppressing activity. We investigated the effect of DG3173, including its relation to specific tumour characteristics, on GH secretion in human somatotroph adenoma cell cultures (hSA) in comparison with Octreotide. Methods: Twenty-seven hSA were characterised immunohistochemically for their hormone- and sst-expression, granularity and pre-surgical therapy with SSA. GH was determined in supernatants of hSA treated with DG3173 or Octreotide in time- (n=6) and dose-response (n=21) experiments. A positive response was defined as GH suppression to below 80% of baseline. Results: In the dose-response experiments DG3173 suppressed GH secretion in more adenomas than Octreotide (10/21 vs 5/21), including 38% (6/16) of Octreotide non-responders. In responders the extent of GH suppression and IC 50 were comparable for both SSA. The response-rate of both SSA was higher in monohormonal vs bihormonal adenomas, yet GH declined similarly in both groups. Neither pre-surgical SSA (n=6) nor tumour morphology was related to the GH response. However, semi-quantitative analysis indicated a small but significant negative correlation between the GH response to Octreotide and the immunoreactivity scores of sst2 expression. Conclusions: DG3173 equalled Octreotide in suppressing GH secretion in hSA. Since DG3173 suppressed GH in some Octreotide-non-responsive adenomas, its clinical effectiveness will be worth testing. Moreover, its reduced insulin-suppressive potency would make it a valuable alternative to Octreotide. © 2012 European Society of Endocrinology. Source