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Lippstadt, Germany

Kassa M.T.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Kassa M.T.,National Research Council Canada | Haas S.,Institute for Resistance Research and Stress Tolerance | Schliephake E.,Institute for Resistance Research and Stress Tolerance | And 22 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2016

Key message: SNP markers were developed for the OWBM resistance geneSm1that will be useful for MAS. The wheatSm1region is collinear with an inverted syntenic interval inB. distachyon. Abstract: Orange wheat blossom midge (OWBM, Sitodiplosis mosellana Géhin) is an important insect pest of wheat (Triticum aestivum) in many growing regions. Sm1 is the only described OWBM resistance gene and is the foundation of managing OWBM through host genetics. Sm1 was previously mapped to wheat chromosome arm 2BS relative to simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and the dominant, sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) marker WM1. The objectives of this research were to saturate the Sm1 region with markers, develop improved markers for marker-assisted selection (MAS), and examine the synteny between wheat, Brachypodium distachyon, and rice (Oryza sativa) in the Sm1 region. The present study mapped Sm1 in four populations relative to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), SSRs, Diversity Array Technology (DArT) markers, single strand conformation polymorphisms (SSCPs), and the SCAR WM1. Numerous high quality SNP assays were designed that mapped near Sm1. BLAST delineated the syntenic intervals in B. distachyon and rice using gene-based SNPs as query sequences. The Sm1 region in wheat was inverted relative to B. distachyon and rice, which suggests a chromosomal rearrangement within the Triticeae lineage. Seven SNPs were tested on a collection of wheat lines known to carry Sm1 and not to carry Sm1. Sm1-flanking SNPs were identified that were useful for predicting the presence or absence of Sm1 based upon haplotype. These SNPs will be a major improvement for MAS of Sm1 in wheat breeding programs. © 2016 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as represented by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Lex J.,Julius Kuhn Institute | Lex J.,Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg | Ahlemeyer J.,Justus Liebig University | Ahlemeyer J.,Deutsche Saatveredelung AG DSV | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Applied Genetics | Year: 2014

A set of about 100 winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars, comprising diverse and economically important German barley elite germplasm released during the last six decades, was previously genotypically characterized by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers using the Illumina GoldenGate BeadArray Technology to detect associations with phenotypic data estimated in three-year field trials at 12 locations. In order to identify further associations and to obtain information on whether the marker type influences the outcome of association genetics studies, the set of winter barley cultivars was re-analyzed using Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) markers. As with the analysis of the SNPs, only polymorphic markers present at an allele frequency >5 % were included to detect associations in a mixed linear model (MLM) approach using the TASSEL software (P ≤ 0.001). The population structure and kinship matrix were estimated on 72 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) covering the whole barley genome. The respective average linkage disequilibrium (LD) analyzed with DArT markers was estimated at 5.73 cM. A total of 52 markers gave significant associations with at least one of the traits estimated which, therefore, may be suitable for marker-assisted breeding. In addition, by comparing the results to those generated using the Illumina GoldenGate BeadArray Technology, it turned out that a different number of associations for respective traits is detected, depending on the marker system. However, as only a few of the respective DArT and Illumina markers are present in a common map, no comprehensive comparison of the detected associations was feasible, but some were probably detected in the same chromosomal regions. Because of the identification of additional marker-trait associations, it may be recommended to use both marker techniques in genome-wide association studies. © 2014 Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan.

Rode J.,Julius Kuhn Institute | Rode J.,Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg | Ahlemeyer J.,Justus Liebig University | Ahlemeyer J.,Deutsche Saatveredelung AG DSV | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Breeding | Year: 2012

A genome-wide association mapping approach for grain yield and traits of high agronomic relevance was carried out on basis of a set of 61 six-rowed and 48 two-rowed German winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars representing breeding progress in the period 1959-2003. Extensive phenotyping was conducted in field trials carried out at 12 locations in 3 years. Heritability was estimated at between 0. 45 for grain yield and 0. 94 for grains per spike. By using the Illumina Golden Gate Bead Array technology, 833 single nucleotide polymorphisms with an allele frequency higher than 5% were obtained. Linkage disequilibrium on the whole genome extends to 7. 35 cM. Based on a mixed linear model approach taking into account the population structure estimated on the basis of 72 simple sequence repeat markers covering the whole barley genome, 91 significant marker-trait associations were detected, corresponding to 48 different genomic regions. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Babben S.,Julius Kuhn Institute | Perovic D.,Julius Kuhn Institute | Koch M.,Deutsche Saatveredelung AG DSV | Ordon F.,Julius Kuhn Institute
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Recent declines in costs accelerated sequencing of many species with large genomes, including hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Although the draft sequence of bread wheat is known, it is still one of the major challenges to developlocus specific primers suitable to be used in marker assisted selection procedures, due to the high homology of the three genomes. In this study we describe an efficient approach for the development of locus specific primers comprising four steps, i.e. (i) identification of genomic and coding sequences (CDS) of candidate genes, (ii) intron-and exon-structure reconstruction, (iii) identification of wheat A, B and D sub-genome sequences and primer development based on sequence differences between the three sub-genomes, and (iv); testing of primers for functionality, correct size and localisation. This approach was applied to single, low and high copy genes involved in frost tolerance in wheat. In summary for 27 of these genes for which sequences were derived from Triticum aestivum, Triticum monococcum and Hordeum vulgare, a set of 119 primer pairs was developed and after testing on Nullitetrasomic (NT) lines, a set of 65 primer pairs (54.6%), corresponding to 19 candidate genes, turned out to be specific. Out of these a set of 35 fragments was selected for validation via Sanger's amplicon re-sequencing. All fragments, with the exception of one, could be assigned to the original reference sequence. The approach presented here showed a much higher specificity in primer development in comparison to techniques used so far in bread wheat and can be applied to other polyploid species with a known draft sequence. © 2015 Babben et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Luders T.,Julius Kuhn Institute | Ahlemeyer J.,Justus Liebig University | Ahlemeyer J.,Deutsche Saatveredelung AG DSV | Forster J.,Saaten Union Biotec GmbH | And 8 more authors.
Molecular Breeding | Year: 2016

In previous genome-wide association studies, marker–trait associations for grain yield and additional traits of agronomic importance were identified in the German winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) breeding gene pool. In the present study, seven doubled haploid populations segregating for the relevant alleles at the associated loci were used to get information whether these marker–trait associations can be verified in biparental populations and reliably used in applied barley breeding. The doubled haploid populations were phenotyped in field trials at two to five locations each in 1 year and genotyped by 40 trait-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms using an Illumina VeraCode GoldenGate assay. Large phenotypic variation was observed for all traits within at least one doubled haploid population. For 19 out of 58 marker–trait associations tested, the phenotypic means of both marker classes were significantly (p ≤ 0.005) different, thus confirming the association of the respective marker and the quantitative trait locus detected. For example, doubled haploid lines derived from a cross of ‘Malta’ × ‘Goldmine’ carrying different marker alleles differed by 0.41 t/ha in mean grain yield. The 19 (out of 58) marker–trait associations verified correspond to 10 (out of 27) genomic regions. Markers that were verified to be associated with a quantitative trait locus can be implemented directly in winter barley breeding for the selection of parental lines and marker-assisted pedigree selection. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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