Yang C.,Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology |
Wang Y.,CNWADI China Northwest Architecture Design and Research Institute Co Ltd.
Proceedings of the 13th Docomomo International Conference Seoul: Expansion and Conflict, Seoul 2014 | Year: 2014
As the Open and Reform continued to 1986, two parallel paths of architecture philosophy and practice were separately developed in Xi'an: one supported widely by local architects is the path of "oriental modernism" and domestically funded practice, represented by the Tang Cheng Hotel; the other generally promoted by international architects is the path of international modernism and externally funded practice, shown in the Golden Flower Hotel. The original intention of the Provisions approved by the State Council in May 1986 is "to strengthen the administration of the cooperation" and "to promote the development of cooperative designing activities". However, the enactment of this regulation forced these two paths mentioned above to merge. Consequently, local architects somehow gradually lost their power of expression in practice and were pushed to pursue the international design trends without wholehearted commitment to meet the requirement of Open and Reform in designing industry. By comparative study of domestically funded and externally funded projects in Xi'an before and after the Provisions, this paper analyzes its influence on urban landscape, architecture practice in China as well as comprehension and interpretation of modernism in China. A method for modern architecture reconnaissance survey is also developed for this research.