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Goel A.K.,Design and Intelligence Laboratory | Goel A.K.,Center for Biologically Inspired Design | Bras B.,Center for Biologically Inspired Design | Helms M.,Design and Intelligence Laboratory | And 7 more authors.
AAAI Spring Symposium - Technical Report | Year: 2011

Sustainable design is as an important movement in design. Biologically inspired design is a major paradigm for sustainable design. In this paper, we analyze a corpus of biologically inspired design projects in terms of sustainability. We then describe a case study of analogical design of a fog harvesting net, and abstract from it the patterns of Hydrophobia and Hydrophilia. We indicate how these two function-mechanism design patterns occur in several design projects in our corpus. This analysis indicates how biologically inspired sustainable design can be analyzed in terms of cross-domain analogical transfer of design patterns. Copyright © 2011, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. All rights reserved.


Goel A.K.,Design and Intelligence Laboratory | Goel A.K.,Georgia Institute of Technology | Vattam S.,Design and Intelligence Laboratory | Wiltgen B.,Design and Intelligence Laboratory | And 2 more authors.
CAD Computer Aided Design | Year: 2012

We envision that the next generation of knowledge-based CAD systems will be characterized by four features: they will be based on cognitive accounts of design, and they will support collaborative design, conceptual design, and creative design. In this paper, we first analyze these four dimensions of CAD. We then report on a study in the design, development and deployment of a knowledge-based CAD system for supporting biologically inspired design that illustrates these four characteristics. This system, called DANE for Design by Analogy to Nature Engine, provides access to functional models of biological systems. Initial results from in situ deployment of DANE in a senior-level interdisciplinary class on biologically inspired design indicates its usefulness in helping designers conceptualize design of complex systems, thus promising enough to motivate continued work on knowledge-based CAD for biologically inspired design. More importantly from our perspective, DANE illustrates how cognitive studies of design can inform the development of CAD systems for collaborative, conceptual, and creative design, help assess their use in practice, and provide new insights into human interaction with knowledge-based CAD systems. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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