Time filter

Source Type

University of Technology of Compiègne, France

Percoco G.,University of Rouen | Percoco G.,BIO EC Laboratory | Merle C.,BIO EC Laboratory | Jaouen T.,CNRS Laboratory of Microbiology Signals and Microenvironment | And 9 more authors.
Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2013

The skin is a natural barrier between the body and the environment and is colonised by a large number of microorganisms. Here, we report a complete analysis of the response of human skin explants to microbial stimuli. Using this ex vivo model, we analysed at both the gene and protein level the response of epidermal cells to Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens), which are present in the cutaneous microbiota. We showed that both bacterial species affect the structure of skin explants without penetrating the living epidermis. We showed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) that S. epidermidis and P. fluorescens increased the levels of transcripts that encode antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), including human β defensin (hBD)2 and hBD3, and the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1α and (IL)-1-β, as well as IL-6. In addition, we analysed the effects of bacterial stimuli on the expression profiles of genes related to innate immunity and the inflammatory response across the epidermal layers, using laser capture microdissection (LCM) coupled to qPCR. We showed that AMP transcripts were principally upregulated in suprabasal keratinocytes. Conversely, the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines was upregulated in the lower epidermis. These findings were confirmed by protein localisation using specific antibodies coupled to optical or electron microscopy. This work underscores the potential value of further studies that use LCM on human skin explants model to study the roles and effects of the epidermal microbiota on human skin physiology. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Pereira U.,University of Western Brittany | Boulais N.,University of Western Brittany | Lebonvallet N.,University of Western Brittany | Lefeuvre L.,Dermatological Laboratories of Uriage | And 3 more authors.
Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2010

Cutaneous neurogenic inflammation (CNI) is often associated with skin disorders. Activated sensory neurons secrete neuropeptides, such as substance P (SP), which initiate or aggravate inflammation in the skin. The discovery of new molecules acting on these neurons is hampered by the difficulty of reproducing the interactions between nerve endings and skin in vitro. We developed an in vitro model based on the coculture of porcine primary keratinocytes and sensory neurons, which mimics skin innervation. To test the relevance of this model, we compared the effects of different substances on CNI by measuring SP secretion in vitro using a sensitive enzyme immunoassay. Collectively, our results indicate that the use of porcine cells could be very useful to perform an in vitro model of CNI. By adding capsaicin, which induces the secretion of SP by neurons, to the culture, we show that our model mimics CNI in vitro, allowing us to screen for molecules that inhibit this inflammatory response. Such a model can be used to test the effects of different substances on CNI and may be useful for dermatological or cosmetic applications. Based on our screen, we found that extracts of Laminaria digitata and Vernonia sublutea inhibit CNI. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Pereira U.,University of Western Brittany | Garcia-Le Gal C.,University Hospital | Boulais N.,University of Western Brittany | Lebonvallet N.,University of Western Brittany | And 5 more authors.
Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2010

Sangre de drago (SD) is a viscous bright red resin collected from Croton lechleri trees that grow in the South American jungle. This sap is used extensively in the native pharmacopoeia to treat skin disorders. Its effectiveness as an inhibitor of neurogenic inflammation has been recently demonstrated. To understand the underlying mechanisms of these effects, we examined the ability of SD to reduce substance P (SP) release in an in vitro model of cutaneous neurogenic inflammation (CNI). This model is based on an enzyme immunoassay of SP (an inducer of CNI) in a porcine co-culture of dorsal root ganglion neurons and keratinocytes. After incubation with different concentrations of SD, we noted an immediate and significant dose-dependent decrease in basal SP release, with average values of 32% at 1% SD (v/v) and 26% at 0.1% (v/v). On the other hand, pretreatment (72 or 1 h) of the co-culture with 1% SD (v/v) was sufficient to induce a 111% (72 h) or 65% (1 h) inhibition of capsaicin-induced SP release, while 0.1% SD (v/v) triggered a 109% (72 h) or 30% (1 h) inhibition. We conclude that sangre de drago is a potent inhibitor of CNI through direct inhibition of neuropeptide release by sensory afferent nerves. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Discover hidden collaborations