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Santa Maria Nuova, Italy

Rui F.,University of Trieste | Bovenzi M.,University of Trieste | Prodi A.,University of Trieste | Fortina A.B.,University of Padua | And 3 more authors.
Contact Dermatitis | Year: 2012

Background. Cosensitization to nickel, cobalt and chromium occurs in the general population and in some occupational groups. Objectives. To estimate the isolated and concurrent occurrence of nickel, cobalt and chromium contact sensitization and their association with individual and occupational risk factors. Patients/methods. Twelve thousand four hundred and ninety-two patients were patch tested with the European baseline series between 1997 and 2004 in north-eastern Italy. The associations between patch test results and patient characteristics and occupations were investigated by means of multinomial logistic regression analysis. Results. Of the patients, 34.7% (4334 patients) had one or more positive patch test reactions to metals. As compared with those with negative reactions to all three metals, nickel sensitization was significantly higher in females than in males, not only as monosensitization, but also as cosensitization with cobalt, with chromium, or with both metals. Building and related trades workers showed positive reactions to chromium + nickel [odds ratio (OR) 1.99; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-3.76) and chromium + cobalt (OR 2.61; 95% CI 1.46-4.67]. Cleaning workers showed a high prevalence of nickel, chromium, nickel + chromium and nickel + cobalt + chromium cosensitization (ORs 1.29, 1.66, 2.11, and 1.79, respectively). An excess risk for cosensitization to all three metals was found in textile and leather workers (OR 2.19; 95% CI 1.10-4.33), and in bartenders (OR 2.10; 95% CI 1.03-4.26). Conclusions. Some occupational groups are more likely to develop nickel, cobalt and chromium cosensitization. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Azzollini J.,University of Milan | Rovina D.,University of Milan | Gervasini C.,University of Milan | Parenti I.,University of Milan | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2014

Multicentric osteolysis, nodulosis and arthropathy (MONA) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. To date, 13 mutations of the matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) gene have been detected in 26 patients with MONA and other osteolytic syndromes. Here, we describe the molecular and functional analysis of a novel MMP2 mutation in two adult Italian siblings with MONA. Both siblings displayed palmar-plantar subcutaneous nodules, tendon retractions, limb arthropathies, osteolysis in the toes and pigmented fibrous skin lesions. Molecular analysis identified a homozygous MMP2 missense mutation in exon 8 c.1228G>C (p.G410R), not detected in 260 controls and predicted by several bioinformatic tools to be pathogenic. By protein modelling, the mutant residue was predicted to affect the main chain conformation of the catalytic domain. Gelatin zymography, the gold standard test for MMP2 function, of serum-free conditioned medium from G410R-MMP2-expressing human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells, showed a complete loss of gelatinolytic activity. The novel mutation is located in the catalytic domain, as are 3 (p.E404K, p.V400del and p.G406D) of the other 13 MMP2 mutations described to date; however, p.G410R underlies a phenotype that is only partially overlapping that of other MMP2 exon 8 mutation carriers. Our results further delineate the complexity of genotype-phenotype correlations in MONA, broaden the repertoire of reported MMP2 mutation and enhance the comprehension of the protein motifs crucial for MMP2 catalytic activity. © 2014 The Japan Society of Human Genetics All rights reserved. Source

Argenziano G.,Skin Cancer Unit | Moscarella E.,Skin Cancer Unit | Annetta A.,Azienda U.S.L. | Battarra V.C.,Unit of Oncologic Dermatology and Cutaneous Neoformation Surgery | And 33 more authors.
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia | Year: 2014

Aim. Accuracy in melanoma detection is important to recognize early curable melanomas and to minimize the unnecessary excision of benign lesions. The aim of this paper was to evaluate melanoma screening accuracy of Italian pigmented lesion clinics in terms of number needed to excise (NNE), melanoma thickness, and number of melanomas diagnosed during patient follow-up. Methods. Information on all skin tumors excised in 2011 were extracted from the databases of the participating centers. Information whether the lesion was excised at the baseline examination or during patient follow-up was recorded, as well as the overall number of patients examined in each center in 2011. Results. After e-mail solicitation, 22 of 40 centers agreed to participate. A total of 8229 excised lesions were collected. The overall number of examined patients was 86.564, thus 9.5% of screened patients had a lesion removed. Of the excised lesions, 866 were diagnosed as melanoma (1% of examined patients) and 5311 (88.9%) were melanocytic nevi. Three NNE were calculated giving values of 7.9 excised lesions to find 1 melanoma, 7.1 melanocytic lesions to find 1 melanoma, and 3.7 lesions to find 1 skin malignancy. The median melanoma thickness was 0.6 mm, with only 15.1% of melanomas ≥1 mm of thickness. Melanomas detected over time were 96 (11.1%; mean thickness, 0.3 mm), with 15.6% of lesions excised after short-term follow-up and 84.4% after long-term follow-up. Conclusion. The NNE values comparable to those achieved in specialized clinical settings and the high number of early melanomas diagnosed at the baseline examination or during patient follow-up indicate a high level of accuracy in melanoma screening achieved by Italian pigmented lesion clinics. Source

Fabiano A.,Dermatologic Unit | De Simone C.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | Gisondi P.,University of Verona | Piaserico S.,University of Padua | And 3 more authors.
Drug Development Research | Year: 2014

Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine that plays a critical role in inflammatory and immune processes and in the control of infections and sepsis. Data on the perioperative management of patients treated with biologic drugs are limited and mainly in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This retrospective study assesses variations in the incidence of side effects between psoriatic patients who temporarily discontinue or continue biological therapy before surgical treatment. Despite the immunosuppressive risk, our results suggest that postoperative complications are not influenced by the suspension of biologic therapies. As TNF-α plays a role in promoting collagen synthesis and wound healing, we suggest that anti-TNFs should be discontinued before major surgery, whereas for minor surgery, the lower rates of infections favor anti-TNF-α continuation, particularly since suspending anti-TNF therapy is known to induce psoriasis relapse. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Malagoli C.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Malavolti M.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Agnoli C.,Epidemiology and Prevention Unit | Crespi C.M.,University of California at Los Angeles | And 16 more authors.
Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2015

Background: Some results from laboratory and epidemiologic studies suggest that diet may influence the risk of melanoma, but convincing evidence for a role of single nutrients or food items is lacking. Diet quality, which considers the combined effect of multiple food items, may be superior for examining this relation. Objective: We sought to assess whether diet quality, evaluated with the use of 4 different dietary indexes, is associated with melanoma risk. Methods: In this population-based case-control study, we analyzed the relation between 4 diet quality indexes, the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) index, Greek Mediterranean Index (GMI), and Italian Mediterranean Index (IMI), and melanoma risk in a northern Italian community, with the use of data from 380 cases and 719 matched controls who completed a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Results: In the overall sample, we found an inverse association between disease risk and the HEI-2010 and DASH index, but not the Mediterranean indexes, adjusting for potential confounders (skin phototype, body mass index, energy intake, sunburn history, skin sun reaction, and education). However, in sex stratified analyses, the association appeared only in women (P-trend: 0.10 and 0.04 for the HEI-2010 and DASH index, respectively). The inverse relations were stronger in women younger than age 50 y than in older women, for whom the GMI and IMI scores also showed an inverse association with disease risk (P-trend: 0.05 and 0.02, respectively). Conclusions: These results suggest that diet quality may play a role in cutaneous melanoma etiology among women. © 2015 American Society for Nutrition. Source

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