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Ouoba L.I.I.,London Metropolitan University | Nyanga-Koumou C.A.G.,Marien Ngouabi University | Parkouda C.,Departement Technology Alimentaire DTA IRSAT CNRST | Sawadogo H.,Departement Technology Alimentaire DTA IRSAT CNRST | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Applied Microbiology | Year: 2010

Aim: To identify and compare lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from alkaline fermentations of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) leaves, roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) and African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) seeds for production of, respectively, Ntoba Mbodi, Bikalga and Soumbala. Methods and Results: A total of 121 LAB were isolated, identified and compared by phenotyping and genotyping using PCR amplification of 16S-23S rDNA intergenic transcribed spacer (ITS-PCR), repetitive sequence-based PCR (rep-PCR) and DNA sequencing. The results revealed a diversity of genera, species and subspecies of LAB in African alkaline fermentations. The isolates were characterized as nonmotile (in most cases) Gram-positive rods, cocci or coccobacilli, catalase and oxidase negative. ITS-PCR allowed typing mainly at species level, with differentiation of a few bacteria at subspecies level. Rep-PCR permitted typing at subspecies level and revealed significant genotypic differences between the same species of bacteria from different raw materials. DNA sequencing combined with use of API 50CHL and API 20Strep systems allowed identification of bacteria as Weissella confusa, Weissella cibaria, Lactobacillus plantarum, Pediococcus pentosaceus, Enterococcus casseliflavus, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus avium and Enterococcus hirae from Ntoba Mbodi; Ent. faecium, Ent. hirae and Pediococcus acidilactici from Bikalga and Soumbala. Conclusion: LAB found in African alkaline-fermented foods belong to a range of genera, species and subspecies of bacteria and vary considerably according to raw material. Significance and Impact of the Study: Our study confirms that LAB survive in alkaline fermentations, a first crucial stage in determining their significance and possible value as probiotic bacteria. © 2009 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

Compaore C.S.,Departement Technology Alimentaire DTA IRSAT CNRST | Compaore C.S.,Copenhagen University | Compaore C.S.,Bobo-Dioulasso Polytechnic University | Nielsen D.S.,Copenhagen University | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Applied Microbiology | Year: 2013

Aims: To identify and screen dominant Bacillus spp. strains isolated from Bikalga, fermented seeds of Hibiscus sabdariffa for their antimicrobial activities in brain heart infusion (BHI) medium and in a H. sabdariffa seed-based medium. Further, to characterize the antimicrobial substances produced. Methods and Results: The strains were identified by gyrB gene sequencing and phenotypic tests as B. amyloliquefaciens ssp. plantarum. Their antimicrobial activity was determined by the agar spot and well assay, being inhibitory to a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Antimicrobial activity against Bacillus cereus was produced in H. sabdariffa seed-based medium. PCR results revealed that the isolates have potential for the lipopeptides iturin, fengycin, surfactin, the polyketides difficidin, macrolactin, bacillaene and the dipeptide bacilysin production. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry analysis of antimicrobial substance produced in BHI broth allowed identification of iturin, fengycin and surfactin. Conclusions: The Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ssp. plantarum exhibited broad-spectrum antifungal and antibacterial properties. They produced several lipopeptide antibiotics and showed good potential for biological control of Bikalga. Significance and Impact of the Study: Pathogenic bacteria often occur in spontaneous food fermentations. This is the first report to identify indigenous B. amyloliquefaciens ssp. plantarum strains as potential protective starter cultures for safeguarding Bikalga. © 2013 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

Ouoba L.I.I.,London Metropolitan University | Kando C.,Departement Technology Alimentaire DTA IRSAT CNRST | Parkouda C.,Departement Technology Alimentaire DTA IRSAT CNRST | Sawadogo-Lingani H.,Departement Technology Alimentaire DTA IRSAT CNRST | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Applied Microbiology | Year: 2012

Aim: To investigate physicochemical characteristics and especially genotypic diversity of the main culturable micro-organisms involved in fermentation of sap from Borassus akeassii, a newly identified palm tree from West Africa. Methods and Results: Physicochemical characterization was performed using conventional methods. Identification of micro-organisms included phenotyping and sequencing of: 26S rRNA gene for yeasts, 16S rRNA and gyrB genes for lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and acetic acid bacteria (AAB). Interspecies and intraspecies genotypic diversities of the micro-organisms were screened respectively by amplification of the ITS1-5.8S rDNA-ITS2/16S-23S rDNA ITS regions and repetitive sequence-based PCR (rep-PCR). The physicochemical characteristics of samples were: pH: 3·48-4·12, titratable acidity: 1·67-3·50 mg KOH g-1, acetic acid: 0·16-0·37%, alcohol content: 0·30-2·73%, sugars (degrees Brix): 2·70-8·50. Yeast included mainly Saccharomyces cerevisiae and species of the genera Arthroascus, Issatchenkia, Candida, Trichosporon, Hanseniaspora, Kodamaea, Schizosaccharomyces, Trigonopsis and Galactomyces. Lactobacillus plantarum was the predominant LAB species. Three other species of Lactobacillus were also identified as well as isolates of Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Fructobacillus durionis and Streptococcus mitis. Acetic acid bacteria included nine species of the genus Acetobacter with Acetobacter indonesiensis as predominant species. In addition, isolates of Gluconobacter oxydans and Gluconacetobacter saccharivorans were also identified. Intraspecies diversity was observed for some species of micro-organisms including four genotypes for Acet. indonesiensis, three for Candida tropicalis and Lactobacillus fermentum and two each for S. cerevisiae, Trichosporon asahii, Candida pararugosa and Acetobacter tropicalis. Conclusion: fermentation of palm sap from B. akeassii involved multi-yeast-LAB-AAB cultures at genus, species and intraspecies level. Significance and Impact of the Study: First study describing microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of palm wine from B. akeassii. Genotypic diversity of palm wine LAB and AAB not reported before is demonstrated and this constitutes valuable information for better understanding of the fermentation which can be used to improve the product quality and develop added value by-products. © 2012 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

Ouoba L.I.I.,Ouoba Consulting | Ouoba L.I.I.,London Metropolitan University | Nielsen D.S.,Copenhagen University | Anyogu A.,London Metropolitan University | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2015

Investigation of the microbial diversity of Bandji, a traditional palm wine from Burkina Faso (West Africa) revealed the presence of two yeast isolates (YAV16 and YAV17T) with unusual phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. The isolates divide by bipolar budding with no production of ascospores. Phylogenetic analysis of concatenated sequences of the 26S rRNA gene D1/D2 and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions indicated that the novel species was most closely related to Kloeckera lindneri and Hanseniaspora valbyensis. The new isolates differed from K. lindneri NRRL Y-17531T and H. valbyensis CBS 479T by substitutions in the D1/D2 region of 12 and 16 nt respectively. The divergence in the ITS region from the closely related species was characterized by substitutions of 45–46 nt. Repetitive palindromic PCR (rep-PCR) profiles of YAV16 and YAV17T were also significantly different from those of K. lindneri MUCL 31146T (=NRRL Y-17531T), H. valbyensis NCYC 17T (=CBS 479T) and other species of the genus Hanseniaspora. Based on the results of the phenotypic and genotypic characterizations, it was concluded that the new isolates represent a novel species for which the name Hanseniaspora jakobsenii sp. nov. is proposed with YAV17T (=CBS 12942T=DSM 26339T=NCYC 3828T; MycoBank number MB 805785) as the type strain. © 2015 IUMS.

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