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Dube E.,Institute National Of Sante Publique Du Quebec | Dube E.,Departement Of Medecine Sociale Et Preventive Of Luniversite Laval | Gilca V.,Institute National Of Sante Publique Du Quebec | Gilca V.,Departement Of Medecine Sociale Et Preventive Of Luniversite Laval | And 9 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2012

In Canada, several new vaccines were recently approved for clinical use or are expected to be soon. Decision-makers are faced with the choice whether or not to include these vaccines in publicly funded vaccination programs. The aim of this study was to assess Canadian pediatricians' and family physicians' opinions regarding 7 new vaccines, and perceived priority for the introduction of new programs. A self-administered, anonymous, mail-based questionnaire was sent during fall 2009 to a random sample of 1182 family physicians and to all 1852 Canadian pediatricians. Responses to 8 statements regarding frequency and severity of the diseases, efficacy and safety of the vaccines as well as feasibility of immunization programs were used to calculate priority scores to rank the 7 potential new vaccination programs (calculated scores ranging from 0 to 100). Overall response rate was 43%. The majority of respondents perceived the health and economic burden of diseases prevented by the seven new vaccines as important and considered new vaccines to be safe and effective. More than 90% of physicians strongly agreed or agreed that the new vaccines would be or are currently well accepted by the public and by the health professionals who administer vaccines, except for the HPV and rotavirus vaccines (respectively 30% and 29% strongly agreed or agreed). Mean priority scores were: 77.4 out of 100 for the measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (MMRV) combined vaccine; 75.6 for the hexavalent (DTaP-IPV-Hib-HBV) vaccine; 73.1 for the new pneumococcal conjugate vaccines; 69.8 for the meningococcal ACYW135; 68.9 for the combined hepatitis A and B; 63.5 for the human papillomavirus vaccine and 56.9 for the rotavirus vaccine. Health professionals' opinion is an important element to consider in the decision-making process regarding implementation of new immunization programs. Without health professional support, the introduction of a new vaccination program may be unsuccessful. In this study, the MMRV and the hexavalent (DTaP-IPV-Hib-HBV) vaccines received the highest ratings. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Dube E.,Institute National Of Sante Publique Du Quebec | Dube E.,Departement Of Medecine Sociale Et Preventive Of Luniversite Laval | Gilca V.,Institute National Of Sante Publique Du Quebec | Gilca V.,Departement Of Medecine Sociale Et Preventive Of Luniversite Laval | And 8 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2011

Rotavirus is the leading cause of dehydration and hospitalization due to gastroenteritis (GE) in young children. Almost all children are affected by the age of 5years. Two safe and effective rotavirus vaccines are available for clinical use in Canada. In the context where rotavirus vaccination is recommended, but not publicly funded, we have assessed paediatricians' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs (KAB) regarding rotavirus disease and its prevention by vaccination. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire based upon the Health Belief Model and the Analytical framework for immunization programs was mailed to all 1852 Canadian paediatricians. The response rate was 50%. The majority of respondents rated consequences of rotavirus infection for young patients as moderate. Sixty-six percent considered that rotavirus disease occur frequently without vaccination and 62% estimated that the disease generates a significant economic burden. Sixty-nine percent of respondents considered rotavirus vaccines to be safe and 61%, to be effective. The reduction of severe GE cases was seen as the main benefit of rotavirus vaccination, while the risk of adverse events was the principal perceived barrier. Fifty-three percent (53%) indicated a strong intention to recommend rotavirus vaccines. In multivariate analysis, main determinant of paediatricians' intention to recommend rotavirus vaccines was the perceived health and economic burden of rotavirus diseases (partial R2=0.49, p<0.0001). More than half of surveyed paediatricians were willing to recommend rotavirus vaccines to their patients, but the proportion of respondents who had a strong intention to do so remains low when compared to several other new vaccines. As with other new vaccines, rotavirus vaccine uptake risks to remain low in Canada as long as it is not publicly funded. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Lavoie P.,University of Québec | Gariepy J.-L.,Laval University | Milot G.,University of Québec | Jodoin S.,Laval University | And 4 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE-: The purpose of this study was to estimate the performance measures of MR angiography (MRA) in the diagnosis of aneurysm residual flow after coil occlusion. METHODS-: Patients having at least 1 cerebral aneurysm treated with coil occlusion were prospectively and consecutively enrolled. Time of flight and contrast-enhanced MRA were performed the same day of the DSA follow-up. The degree of aneurysm occlusion and dimensions of the residual flow were evaluated by independent readers at MRA and digital subtraction angiogram. MRA performance measures were estimated in a cross-sectional analysis and repeated in subgroups of aneurysm sizes and locations. MRA predictive values for recurrence were also estimated using a longitudinal design. RESULTS-: We obtained 167 aneurysm evaluations for each imaging modality. Class 3 residual flow was seen on digital subtraction angiogram follow-up in 27%. The sensitivity and specificity of MRA was 88% (95% CI, 80-94) and 79% (95% CI, 67-88), respectively. The positive predictive value for a Class 3 recurrence was 67% (95% CI, 51-80) and the negative predictive value was 93% (95% CI, 86-97). Time-of-flight MRA underestimated the length of the residual flow (P=0.039), whereas contrast-enhanced MRA overestimated its width (P<0.0001). MRA sensitivity for a Class 3 residual flow was lower for aneurysms <6 mm (P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS-: MRA has sufficient accuracy for screening of aneurysm residual flow after coil occlusion. Due to its lower negative predictive value, recurrent aneurysms should be confirmed with digital subtraction angiogram before planning a retreatment. Routine use of MRA to follow small aneurysms should wait better estimation of its performance in this particular subgroup. © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.

Canuel M.,Institute National Of Sante Publique Du Quebec Inspq | Abdous B.,University of Québec | Abdous B.,Departement Of Medecine Sociale Et Preventive Of Luniversite Laval | Belanger D.,University of Québec | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Objective: The adoption of pro-environmental behaviours reduces anthropogenic environmental impacts and subsequent human health effects. This study developed composite indices measuring adoption of pro-environmental behaviours at the household level in Canada. Methods: The 2007 Households and the Environment Survey conducted by Statistics Canada collected data on Canadian environmental behaviours at households' level. A subset of 55 retained questions from this survey was analyzed by Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) to develop the index. Weights attributed by MCA were used to compute scores for each Canadian province as well as for socio-demographic strata. Scores were classified into four categories reflecting different levels of adoption of pro-environmental behaviours. Results: Two indices were finally created: one based on 23 questions related to behaviours done inside the dwelling and a second based on 16 questions measuring behaviours done outside of the dwelling. British Columbia, Quebec, Prince-Edward-Island and Nova-Scotia appeared in one of the two top categories of adoption of pro-environmental behaviours for both indices. Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Newfoundland-and-Labrador were classified in one of the two last categories of pro-environmental behaviours adoption for both indices. Households with a higher income, educational attainment, or greater number of persons adopted more indoor pro-environmental behaviours, while on the outdoor index, they adopted fewer such behaviours. Households with low-income fared better on the adoption of outdoors pro-environmental behaviours. Conclusion: MCA was successfully applied in creating Indoor and Outdoor composite Indices of pro-environmental behaviours. The Indices cover a good range of environmental themes and the analysis could be applied to similar surveys worldwide (as baseline weights) enabling temporal trend comparison for recurring themes. Much more than voluntary measures, the study shows that existing regulations, dwelling type, households composition and income as well as climate are the major factors determining pro-environmental behaviours. © 2014 Canuel et al.

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