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Hôpital-Camfrout, France

Vanneaux V.,University Paris Diderot | Vanneaux V.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | El-Ayoubi F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Delmau C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 14 more authors.
Cell Transplantation | Year: 2010

Umbilical cord blood (CB) represents a main source of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (cEPCs). In view of their clinical use, in either the autologous or allogeneic setting, cEPCs should likely be expanded from CB kept frozen in CB banks. In this study, we compared the expansion, functional features, senescence pattern over culture, and in vivo angiogenic potential of cEPCs isolated from fresh or cryopreserved CB (cryoCB). cEPCs could be isolated in only 59% of cryoCB compared to 94% for fresh CB, while CB units were matched in terms of initial volume, nucleated and CD34 + cell number. Moreover, the number of endothelial colony-forming cells was significantly decreased when using cryoCB. Once cEPCs culture was established, the proliferation, migration, tube formation, and acetylated-LDL uptake potentials were similar in both groups. In addition, cEPCs derived from cryoCB displayed the same senescence status and telomeres length as that of cEPCs derived from fresh CB. Karyotypic aberrations were found in cells obtained from both fresh and cryoCB. In vivo, in a hind limb ischemia murine model, cEPCs from fresh and cryoCB were equally efficient to induce neovascularization. Thus, cEPCs isolated from cryoCB exhibited similar properties to those of fresh CB in vitro and in vivo. However, the low frequency of cEPCs colony formation after cryopreservation shed light on the need for specific freezing conditions adapted to cEPCs in view of their future clinical use. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2010 Cognizant Comm. Corp. Source

Grelier A.,Paris West University Nanterre La Defense | Grelier A.,University Paris Diderot | Cras A.,Paris West University Nanterre La Defense | Cras A.,University Paris Diderot | And 23 more authors.
Angiogenesis | Year: 2013

Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (cEPC) are capable of homing to neovascularisation sites, in which they proliferate and differentiate into endothelial cells. Transplantation of cEPC-derived cells, in particular those isolated from umbilical cord blood (UCB), has emerged as a promising approach in the treatment of cardio-vascular diseases. After in vivo transplantation, these cells may be exposed to local or systemic inflammation or pathogens, of which they are a common target. Because Toll-like receptors (TLR) are critical in detecting pathogens and in initiating inflammatory responses, we hypothesized that TLR may govern UCB cEPC-derived cells function. While these cells expressed almost all TLR, we found that only TLR3 dramatically impaired cell properties. TLR3 activation inhibited cell proliferation, modified cell cycle entry, impaired the in vitro angiogenic properties and induced pro-inflammatory cytokines production. The anti-angiogenic effect of TLR3 activation was confirmed in vivo in a hind-limb ischemic mice model. Moreover, TLR3 activation consistently leads to an upregulation of miR-29b, -146a and -155 and to a deregulation of cytoskeleton and cell cycle regulator. Hence, TLR3 activation is likely to be a key regulator of cEPC-derived cells properties. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Dupuis J.,Unite Fonctionnelle Hemopathies Lymphoides | Brice P.,HDJ Hematologie | Francois S.,Angers University Hospital Center | Ysebaert L.,Toulouse University Hospital Center | And 8 more authors.
Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia | Year: 2015

Background The Autorisation Temporaire d'Utilisation (ATU) is an early access program available in France for drugs aimed at treating severe diseases not yet covered by a marketing authorization, for patients without any other therapeutic option and who cannot be included in a clinical trial. Patients and Methods This report presents the use of single-agent ofatumumab in 30 patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in the French ATU program. Results These very-high-risk patients had received multiple previous treatments (median = 6), and most had disease that was fludarabine-refractory or alemtuzumab-refractory (or both) or was unsuitable for alemtuzumab treatment. In the intent-to-treat analysis, the overall response rate was 47% (4 of 30, complete response; 10 of 30, partial response). Of 13 patients with 17p deletion, 6 displayed response to ofatumumab, including 2 complete responses. Treatment was well tolerated, with 17 grade 3 or 4 adverse events; 4 cases of grade 3 or 4 infusion reactions were reported, with favorable immediate outcome. Among nonhematologic complications, infections were the most frequent. Conclusion The results confirm the efficacy and acceptable tolerability profile of ofatumumab as a single agent in severely ill patients with CLL. Attention should be paid to possible early infusion reactions to ofatumumab, as well as to the risk of infection. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Nicolini F.E.,Departement dHematologie Clinique | Nicolini F.E.,French intergroup for CML Fi LMC group | Hayette S.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Hayette S.,French intergroup for CML Fi LMC group | And 21 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2011

This phase I/II study was designed to demonstrate the tolerance and the efficacy of a combination of pegylated interferon-α 2a to Imatinib mesylate (IM) 600mg daily in cytogenetically IM-resistant but in CHR chronic phase CML patients. The combination was generally well tolerated in the 15 evaluable patients. A significant reduction of the Ph1+ BM metaphases was observed in these poor prognosis patients, with 2 long-term CCyR including 2 MMR. After a median follow-up of 43 months, 93% of patients are alive. The addition of PegIFNα2a to IM600 is feasible, and able to overcome resistance within this context. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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