Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry, France
Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry, France

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Travert M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Travert M.,UniversiteParis Est | Huang Y.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Huang Y.,UniversiteParis Est | And 17 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

The pathogenesis of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTL), a rare entity mostly derived from γδ T cells and usually with a fatal outcome, remains largely unknown. In this study, HSTL samples (7γδ and 2αβ) and the DERL2 HSTL cell line were subjected to combined gene-expression profiling and array-based comparative genomic hybridization. Compared with other T-cell lymphomas, HSTL had a distinct molecular signature irrespective of TCR cell lineage. Compared with peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified and normal γδ T cells, HSTL overexpressed genes encoding NK-cell-associated molecules, oncogenes (FOS and VAV3), the sphingosine-1-phosphatase receptor 5 involved in cell trafficking, and the tyrosine kinase SYK, whereas the tumor-suppressor gene AIM1 (absent in melanoma 1) was among the most downexpressed. We found highly methylated CpG islands of AIM1 in DERL2 cells, and decitabine treatment induced a significant increase in AIM1 transcripts. Syk was present in HSTL cells and DERL2 cells contained phosphorylated Syk and were sensitive to a Syk inhibitor in vitro. Genomic profiles confirmed recurrent isochromosome 7q (n = 6/9) without alterations at the SYK and AIM1 loci. Our results identify a distinct molecular signature for HSTL and highlight oncogenic pathways that offer rationale for exploring new therapeutic options such as Syk inhibitors and demethylating agents. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.

Dubruc E.,Center Leon Berard | Balme B.,Departement de Pathologie | Dijoud F.,Groupement Hospitalier Est | Disant F.,Service dOrl et de Chirurgie Cervico Faciale | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Cutaneous Pathology | Year: 2014

Extensive cytogenetic testing is slowly unveiling the complexity of the genomics of melanocytic tumors. NRAS mutations have been the first genetic abnormality described in malignant melanomas. We report the cases of two children, presenting a melanocytic lesion located on the ear. One appeared as a combined dermal clone inside a congenital nevus and the other as a centimetric purely dermal tumor. Both tumors were composed of spindled spitzoid melanocytes with atypical histologic features. aCGH and FISH revealed an amplification of the NRAS gene. Sequencing showed an exon 3 NRAS mutation. In the combined case, the amplification was limited to the spitzoid component, underscoring a possible phenotypic shift induced by the alteration. Similarly an overexpression of CyclinD1 and elevation of ki-67 was found in the spitzoid component confirming a raise in proliferation. Such combination of mutation and copy number increase has been previously reported for the HRAS gene in a subset of Spitz nevi. Further studies must evaluate if mutated NRAS is also amplified in melanomas arising in this clinical setting. These combined alterations could represent an early event ultimately leading to malignancy. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PubMed | Center Hospitalier Pasteur rchet, Institute Paoli Calmettes, Departement de Pathologie, University of Lausanne and 11 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology | Year: 2016

ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma associated with breast implant (i-ALCL) has been recently recognized as a distinct entity. Among 43 830 lymphomas registered in the French Lymphopath network since 2010, 300 breast lymphomas comprising 25 peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL) were reviewed. Among PTCL, ALK-negative ALCL was the most frequent and all of them were associated with breast implants.Since 2010, all i-ALCL cases were collected from different institutions through Lymphopath. Immuno-morphologic features, molecular data and clinical outcome of 19 i-ALCLs have been retrospectively analyzed.The median age of the patients was 61 years and the median length between breast implant and i-ALCL was 9 years. Most implants were silicone-filled and textured. Implant removal was performed in 17 out of 19 patients with additional treatment based on mostly CHOP or CHOP-like chemotherapy regimens (n = 10/19) or irradiation (n = 1/19). CHOP alone or ABVD following radiation without implant removal have been given in two patients. The two clinical presentations, i.e. effusion and less frequently tumor mass correlated with distinct histopathologic features: in situ i-ALCL (anaplastic cell proliferation confined to the fibrous capsule) and infiltrative i-ALCL (pleomorphic cells massively infiltrating adjacent tissue with eosinophils and sometimes Reed-Sternberg-like cells mimicking Hodgkin lymphoma). Malignant cells were CD30-positive, showed a variable staining for EMA and were ALK negative. Most cases had a cytotoxic T-cell immunophenotype with variable T-cell antigen loss and pSTAT3 nuclear expression. T-cell receptor genes were clonally rearranged in 13 out of 13 tested cases. After 18 months of median follow-up, the 2-year overall survival for in situ and infiltrative i-ALCL was 100% and 52.5%, respectively.In situ i-ALCLs have an indolent clinical course and generally remain free of disease after implant removal. However, infiltrative i-ALCLs could have a more aggressive clinical course that might require additional therapy to implant removal.

Lemonnier F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Lemonnier F.,University Paris Est Creteil | Couronne L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Couronne L.,University Paris - Sud | And 16 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Inactivating mutations of the Ten-Eleven Translocation 2 (TET2) gene were first identified in myeloid malignancies and more recently in peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs). In the present study, we investigated the presence of TET2 coding sequence mutations and their clinical relevance in a large cohort of 190 PTCL patients. TET2 mutations were identified in 40 of 86 (47%) cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and in 22 of 58 (38%) cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), but were absent in all other PTCL entities, with the exception of 2 of 10 cases of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma. Among PTCL-NOS, a heterogeneous group of lymphoma-comprising cases likely to derive from Th follicular (T FH) cells similarly to AITL, TET2 mutations were more frequent when PTCL-NOS expressed T FH markers and/or had features reminiscent of AITL (58% vs 24%, P = .01). In the AITL and PTCL-NOS subgroups, TET2 mutations were associated with advanced-stage disease, thrombocytopenia, high International Prognostic Index scores, and a shorter progression-free survival. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.

Rizzo D.,Catholic University | Freneaux P.,Departement de Pathologie | Brisse H.,Departement dImagerie Medicale | Louvrier C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 17 more authors.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology | Year: 2012

Background: Inactivation of SMARCB1 tumor-suppressor gene was originally described as highly specific for rhabdoid tumors (RTs). Nevertheless, recent reports have illustrated that SMARCB1 alterations also characterize other tumors; in particular, some familial schwannomatosis and epithelioid malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, both from peripheral nervous system (PNS) origin, lack BAF47 expression. To document the putative role of SMARCB1 in PNS, we reviewed PNS tumors referred to our institution for a molecular analysis of SMARCB1 because of histologic features compatible with RT. Methods: Clinicopathologic, radiologic, and molecular characteristics were detailed for the 12 cases showing loss of expression and/or biallelic inactivation of SMARCB1. The status of the NF2 gene, likely to synergize with SMARCB1 in PNS tumors, was also analyzed. Results: Patients' age ranged from 0 to 45 years (median age, 6.6 y). Neurological symptoms were observed in 7/12 cases with radiologic features evoking a neuroblastic tumor in 6 cases and a peripheral nerve tumor in 4 cases. The mean delay before diagnosis was 3 months. Histologic examination revealed rhabdoid features in 11/12 tumors. All tumors showed a complete loss of SMARCB1 expression. Interestingly, adjacent nervous proliferation resembling neurofibromas were observed in 3 cases, suggesting a multistep transformation. Three tumors harbored a hemizygous deletion at the NF2 locus, but all NF2 sequences were normal. Conclusions: We report the first series of PNS RT. In patients with aggressive PNS tumors, RT should be suspected, and anti-SMARCB1 immunohistochemical analysis should be performed. SMARCB1 inactivation, occasionally associated with NF2 deletion, might have oncogenic effects in peripheral nerves. © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Forest F.,Departement de Pathologie | David A.,Center Hospitalier | Arrufat S.,Unite de Genetique Somatique | Pierron G.,Unite de Genetique Somatique | And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology | Year: 2012

SMARCB1 germline mutations mainly predispose to rhabdoid tumors. However, less aggressive tumors with a later onset have also been reported in a context of SMARCB1 constitutional mutation-that is, schwannomatosis and meningiomatosis. No other tumor type has formally been observed in such a context thus far. We report on a patient treated for a thoracic malignant rhabdoid tumor at 8 years of age who subsequently developed a mandibular conventional chondrosarcoma at 13 years of age. Both tumors showed a loss of BAF47 expression. The malignant rhabdoid tumor exhibited a large 22q11.2 deletion and an intragenic deletion of SMARCB1 (exons 1 to 3), thus leading to a biallelic inactivation. A 2.8 Mbp deletion encompassing SMARCB1 was found in the germline. This context was a strong incentive to investigate SMARCB1 alterations in the second tumor. As expected, the chondrosarcoma showed the large 22q11.2 deletion but also an additional c.243C>G(p.Tyr18X) premature stop codon in the remaining allele. This report relates for the first time a pediatric conventional chondrosarcoma to the wide family of SMARCB1-deficient tumors. Moreover, we report here the first case of conventional chondrosarcoma arising in a context of constitutional SMARCB1 deletion and, thus, enlarge the spectrum of this tumor predisposition syndrome. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Bossard C.,University of Nantes | Dobay M.P.,Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics | Parrens M.,Departement de Pathologie | Lamant L.,Hopital Purpan | And 12 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2014

The extended use of brentuximab-vedotin was reported for CD30+ nonanaplastic peripheralT-celllymphomas(PTCLs)with promising efficacy. CD30 status assessmentis thus a critical factor for therapeutic decision, but the reliability of immunohistochemistry (IHC) in evaluating its expression remains to be defined. This prompted us to investigate the correlation between semiquantitative CD30 protein assessment by IHC andmessengerRNA(mRNA) assessment by micro arraysinacohortof376 noncutaneous PTCLs representative of the main entities. By IHC, CD30 expression was heterogeneous across and within entities and significantly associated with large tumor cell size. In additionto100% anaplastic large-cell lymphomas, 57%ofother PTCL entities were CD30-positive at a 5% threshold. CD30 protein expression was highly correlated to mRNA levels. mRNA levels were bimodal, separating high from low CD30-expressing PTCL cases. Weconclude that IHC is a valuable tool in clinical practice to assess CD30 expression in PTCLs. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.

Cairns R.A.,Campbell University | Iqbal J.,University of Nebraska Medical Center | Lemonnier F.,University Paris Est Creteil | Kucuk C.,University of Nebraska Medical Center | And 10 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) occur in most grade 2 and 3 gliomas, secondary glioblastomas, and a subset of acute myelogenous leukemias but have not been detected in other tumor types. The mutations occur at specific arginine residues and result in the acquisition of a novel enzymatic activity that converts 2-oxoglutarate to D-2-hydroxyglutarate. This study reports IDH1 and IDH2 genotyping results from a set of lymphomas, which included a large set of peripheral T-cell lymphomas. IDH2 mutations were identified in approximately 20% of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphomas (AITLs), but not in other peripheral T-cell lymphoma entities. These results were confirmed in an independent set of AITL patients, where the IDH2 mutation rate was approximately 45%. This is the second common genetic lesion identified in AITL after TET2 and extends the number of neoplastic diseases where IDH1 and IDH2 mutations may play a role. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.

Salaun B.,University of Lausanne | Zitvogel L.,Institute Gustave Roussy | Zitvogel L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Asselin-Paturel C.,Innate Pharma | And 14 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2011

The discovery of a targeted therapeutic compound along with its companion predictive biomarker is a major goal of clinical development for a personalized anticancer therapy to date. Here we present evidence of the predictive value of TLR3 expression by tumor cells for the efficacy of Poly (A:U) dsRNA in 194 breast cancer patients enrolled in a randomized clinical trial. Adjuvant treatment with double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) was associated with a significant decrease in the risk of metastatic relapse in TLR3 positive but not in TLR3-negative breast cancers. Moreover, we show the functional relevance of TLR3 expression by human tumor cells for the antitumor effects mediated by dsRNA in several preclinical mouse models carried out in immunocompromised animals. These 2 independent lines of evidence relied upon the generation of a novel tool, an anti-TLR3 antibody (40F9.6) validated for routine detection of TLR3 expression on paraffin-embedded tissues. Altogether, these data suggest that dsRNA mediates its therapeutic effect through TLR3 expressed on tumor cells, and could therefore represent an effective targeted treatment in patients with TLR3-positive cancers. ©2011 AACR.

Ruschoff J.,Targos Molecular Pathology GmbH und Pathologie Nordhessen | Dietel M.,Humboldt University of Berlin | Baretton G.,Carl Gustav Carus Institute | Arbogast S.,Roche Holding AG | And 8 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2010

Trastuzumab-based therapy has been shown to confer overall survival benefit in HER2-positive patients with advanced gastric cancer in a large multicentric trial (ToGA study). Subgroup analysis identified adenocarcinomas of the stomach and gastroesophageal (GE) junction with overexpression of HER2 according to immunohistochemistry (IHC) as potential responders. Due to recent approval of trastuzumab for HER2 positive metastatic gastric and GE-junction cancer in Europe (EMEA) HER2 diagnostics is now mandatory with IHC being the primary test followed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in IHC2+ cases. However, in order to not miss patients potentially responding to targeted therapy determination of a HER2-positive status for gastric cancer required modification of scoring as had been proposed in a pre-ToGA study. To validate this new HER2 status testing procedure in terms of inter-laboratory and inter-observer consensus for IHC scoring a series of 547 gastric cancer tissue samples on a tissue microarray (TMA) was used. In the first step, 30 representative cores were used to identify specific IHC HER2 scoring issues among eight French and German laboratories, while in the second step the full set of 547 cores was used to determine IHC HER2 intensity and area score concordance between six German pathologists. Specific issues relating to discordance were identified and recommendations formulated which proved to be effective to reliably determine HER2 status in a prospective test series of 447 diagnostic gastric cancer specimens. © 2010 The Author(s).

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