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Garcia-Garcia M.R.,Deparment of Molecular Biology in Medicine | Garcia-Garcia M.R.,University of Guadalajara | Morales-Lanuza M.A.,Deparment of Molecular Biology in Medicine | Morales-Lanuza M.A.,University of Guadalajara | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics

Background/Aims: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ADIPOQ gene could explain the adiponectin level. However, the knowledge about the influence of genetic and lifestyle factors is not sufficient. The aim was to analyze whether the effect of the -11391G/A SNP in the ADIPOQ gene is modulated by lifestyle factors in Mexican subjects. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in which 394 participants were analyzed. Genetic, anthropometric, biochemical, dietary, clinical and physical activity parameters were measured. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSSv19 software. Results: The distribution of the -11391G/A SNP genotypes was 55.6 and 44.4% for GG and AG, respectively. The adiponectin level was modulated by the -11391G/A SNP in response to the body mass index (BMI); A allele carriers showed a higher adiponectin level compared to G homozygous carriers but only in the minor BMI tertile group (p = 0.032). Adiponectin level variability was explained by gender [(r) = 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-1.9, p = 0.000], insulin resistance [(r) = -1.2, 95% CI -0.8 to -1.6, p = 0.000], physical activity [(r) = 0.6, 95% CI 0.2-0.9, p = 0.002] and monounsaturated fat intake [(r) = 0.5, 95% CI 0.38-1.0, p = 0.047]. Conclusions: The adiponectin level was modulated by the interaction between BMI and -11391G/A SNP; this suggests that the lifestyle rather than genetic factors modulates serum adiponectin. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Martinez-Lopez E.,Deparment of Molecular Biology in Medicine | Martinez-Lopez E.,University of Guadalajara | Garcia-Garcia M.R.,Deparment of Molecular Biology in Medicine | Garcia-Garcia M.R.,University of Guadalajara | And 12 more authors.

Objective: To analyze the effect of the fatty acid-binding protein (FABP2) gene Ala54Thr polymorphism on anthropometric and biochemical variables in response to a moderate-fat diet in overweight or obese subjects. Methods: One hundred nine subjects with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 were studied. Participants underwent a dietary intervention that consisted of 30% fat (saturated fat <7% of total calories), 15% protein, and 55% carbohydrates. The FABP2 genotypes were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Anthropometric and biochemical data were measured at baseline, 1 mo, and 2 mo of nutritional intervention. Results: The mean age was 38.6 ± 11.3 y and the mean body mass index 32.7 ± 6.1 kg/m2, with 20 men (18%) and 89 women (82%). Fifty-three patients (48.6%) had genotype Ala54Ala (wild-type group) and 56 patients had genotype Ala54Thr/Thr54Thr (51.4%, mutant group). At baseline, no significant difference was found between the FABP2 genotypes groups, except for the carbohydrate intake and resting metabolic rate, which were higher in the Ala54Thr/Thr54Thr group (P < 0.05). At 2 mo, participants had lost 6.8% of their initial weight. The Ala54Thr/Thr54Thr group compared with the Ala54Ala group showed significant decreases in the parameters of weight (-7.5 versus -4.2 kg), body mass index (-2.1 versus -1.2 kg/m2), waist circumference (-7.6 versus -5.2 cm), waist-to-hip ratio (-0.04 versus -0.02), and C-reactive protein (-1.4 versus -0.76 mg/L), respectively (P < 0.05). After the resting metabolic rate was adjusted, the decreases in waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and C-reactive protein remained significant between the two groups. Conclusions: This study showed that the Thr54 allele carriers responded better to a moderate-fat diet. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

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