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Kim F.J.,Denver Health and Hospital Authority Denver | Pompeo A.,Denver Health and Hospital Authority Denver | Sehrt D.,Denver Health and Hospital Authority Denver | Molina W.R.,Denver Health and Hospital Authority Denver | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

BACKGROUND: Posterior urethra primary realignment (PUPR) after complete transection may decrease the gap between the ends of the transected urethra, tamponade the retropubic bleeding, and optimize urinary drainage without the need of suprapubic catheter facilitating concurrent pelvic orthopedic and trauma procedures. Historically, the distorted anatomy after pelvic trauma has been a major surgical challenge. The purpose of the study was to assess the relationship of the severity of the pelvic fracture to the success of endoscopic and immediate PUPR following complete posterior urethral disruption using the Young-Burgess classification system. METHODS: A review of our Level I trauma center database for patients diagnosed with pelvic fracture and complete posterior urethral disruption from January 2005 to April 2012 was performed. Pelvic fracture severity was categorized according to the Young-Burgees classification system. Management consisted of suprapubic catheter insertion at diagnosis followed by early urethral realignment when the patient was clinically stable. Failure of realignment was defined as inability to achieve urethral continuity with Foley catheterization. Clinical follow-up consisted of radiologic, pressure studies and cystoscopic evaluation. RESULTS: A total of 481 patients with pelvic trauma from our trauma registry were screened initially, and 18 (3.7%) were diagnosed with a complete posterior urethral disruption. A total of 15 primary realignments (83.3%) were performed all within 5 days of trauma. The success rate of early realignment was 100%. There was no correlation between the type of pelvic ring fracture and the success of PUPR. Postoperatively, 8 patients (53.3%) developed urethral strictures, 3 patients (20.0%) developed incontinence, and 7 patients (46.7%) reported erectile dysfunction after the trauma. The mean follow-up of these patients was 31.8 months. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic PUPR may be an effective option for the treatment of complete posterior urethral disruption and enables urinary drainage to best suit the multispecialty surgical team. The success rate of achieving primary realignment did not appear to be related to the complexity and type of pelvic ring fracture. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Epidemiologic study, level III; therapeutic study, level V. Copyright © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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