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Background: The risk factors for thrombus formation in anastomotic vessels in free-flap head and neck reconstruction have been previously reported. However, the evidence is inconsistent. Methods: In total, 773 patients who underwent free jejunal graft reconstruction after pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy for hypopharyngeal cancer were enrolled at 12 institutions in Japan from 1995 to 2006. Both the resection area and the applied reconstruction method were constrained to overcome the limitations of previous studies. After the exclusion of recurrent cases, odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for thrombosis were calculated in a multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: Postoperative anastomotic thrombosis developed in 23 patients (3.0%). In the multivariate analysis, the OR for thrombosis per 100-mL increase in blood loss was 1.24 (95% CI = 1.02-1.51), even after controlling for other risk factors. Conclusion: Our results show that the blood loss volume is an independent risk factor for thrombosis in free tissue grafts. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Iwamuro M.,Okayama University of Science | Okada H.,Okayama University | Kawano S.,Okayama University | Shiode J.,Okayama Saiseikai General Hospital | And 20 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2015

The importance of enteroscopy examinations to investigate the entire length of the small intestines has been emphasized in follicular lymphoma patients with intestinal involvement. The aim of the present study was to determine the current state of enteroscopy examinations, including the performance rate, and the prevalence of small intestinal lesions in a patient population in Japan. A retrospective multicenter survey of 17 institutions collected the case information of 110 follicular lymphoma patients with gastrointestinal involvement. The results of the enteroscopy examinations were reviewed, and in order to identify potential factors affecting the performance rate of enteroscopy, patient gender, age at lymphoma diagnosis, histopathological grade, clinical stage, the date of the initial diagnosis and the annual volume of enteroscopy at the institution were compared between the patients who underwent one or more enteroscopy procedures and the patients who did not undergo enteroscopy. A total of 34 patients (30.9%) underwent enteroscopy, and 24 of these (70.6%) presented with involvement in the jejunum and/or ileum. It was found that more patients diagnosed in recent years and more patients treated at an ultra-high volume institution (≥101 enteroscopy examinations/year) underwent an enteroscopy. In conclusion, although the prevalence of small intestinal lesions was high (70.6%) in the follicular lymphoma patients presenting with intestinal involvement, the performance rate of enteroscopy was only 30.9%, and thus the majority of the patients have not undergone enteroscopy examinations. Further investigation is required to define the clinical significance of enteroscopy at the initial diagnostic work-up and during the follow-up period of these patients. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.

Hanakawa H.,Dentistry and Pharmaceutical science | Orita Y.,Dentistry and Pharmaceutical science | Sato Y.,Okayama University of Science | Uno K.,Uno kin ENT hospital | And 2 more authors.
Acta Medica Okayama | Year: 2013

We present a case of a 67-year-old Japanese man with a serious oropharyngeal ulceration that at first seemed to be destructive malignant lymphoma or oropharyngeal carcinoma. We suspected methotrexate (MTX)-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) induced by MTX treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). About 3 weeks after simple discontinuation of MTX, complete regression of the disease was observed, confirming our diagnosis.

Nakamura K.,Okayama University | Abarzua F.,Dentistry and Pharmaceutical science | Hongo A.,Okayama University | Kodama J.,Okayama University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2010

Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitors (HAI-1 and HAI-2) are Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors that have a broad inhibitory spectrum against serine proteases. This study examined the role of HAI-1 and HAI-2 in uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) patients, and in vitro. HAI-1 and HAI-2 was examined in uterine normal smooth muscle, leiomyoma and LMS specimens using immunohistochemistry. We investigated biological functions and inhibitory effects of HAI-1 and HAI-2 using uterine LMS cell line SK-LMS-1 and SKN. The expression levels of HAI-1 and HAI-2 were significantly decreased in uterine LMS specimens relative to corresponding uterine normal smooth muscle and leiomyoma specimens. Furthermore, the low HAI-1 and HAI-2 expression was a significant predictor for poor prognosis when compared with high HAI-1 and HAI-2 expression (disease-free survival rate; p=0.024 and p=0.045, overall survival rate; p=0.043 and p=0.009). HAI-1 and HAI-2 showed potential inhibitory effects that mediated cell proliferation, migration and cellular invasion which led to apoptosis and necrosis through a reduction of HGFA, matriptase and hepsin expression. These findings indicate that HAI-1 and HAI-2 may be possible tumor suppressor genes for uterine LMS and thus, both could be considered therapeutic agents for the treatment of LMS.

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