Rajam L.,Kasturba Gandhi Hospital for Women and Children |
Hari Kumar M.,Saveetha Dental College and Hospital |
Hari Kumar S.,Consultant Dental Surgeon
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2017
Primary or secondary nasal tuberculosis is rare and usually, it is considered as an extra pulmonary form of tuberculosis. Nasal tuberculosis infection may spread to maxillary palatal region by contagious or haematogenous route causing palatal perforation. In some instance, it may cause septal perforation with nasal obstruction which may give rise to halitosis. We report a case where, there was bilateral nasal mucosal involvement leading to severe nasal obstruction. This rare manifestation should be considered in areas where the disease is prevalent as delay in diagnosis and treatment could lead to serious and life threatening complications due to local spread from the nose to the para nasal sinuses and brain. © 2017, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.
Mehrotra R.,MOTI |
Pandya S.,MOTI |
Singh M.,MOTI |
Nigam N.S.,Consultant Dental Surgeon |
Shukla P.,District Hospital
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2010
Background. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions in patients and to assess their clinicopathological attributes. 3030 subjects belonging to a semi-urban district of Vidisha in Central India were screened. Patients were examined with an overhead examination light and those who were identified with a questionable lesion underwent further investigations. Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS software. Findings. 8.4 percent of the population studied had one or more oral lesions, associated with prosthetic use, trauma and tobacco consumption. With reference to the habit of tobacco use, 635(21%) were smokers, 1272(42%) tobacco chewers, 341(11%) smokers and chewers, while 1464(48%) neither smoked nor chewed. 256 patients were found to have significant mucosal lesions. Of these, 216 cases agreed to undergo scalpel biopsy confirmation. 88 had leukoplakia, 21 had oral submucous fibrosis, 9 showed smoker's melanosis, 6 patients had lichen planus, 17 had dysplasia, 2 patients had squamous cell carcinoma while there was 1 patient each with lichenoid reaction, angina bullosa hemorrhagica, allergic stomatitis and nutritional stomatitis. Conclusions. The findings in this population reveal a high prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions and a rampant misuse of variety of addictive substances in the community. Close follow up and systematic evaluation is required in this population. There is an urgent need for awareness programs involving the community health workers, dentists and allied medical professionals. © 2010 Mehrotra et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
PubMed | Navodaya Dental College and Hospital, Endodontics Bneid Al Gar Dental Center and Consultant Dental Surgeon
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of dental research, dental clinics, dental prospects | Year: 2016
Background. Given the influence of systemic blood pressure on pulpal blood flow, anxiolytics prescribed may alter the pulpal blood flow along with the local anesthetic solution containing a vasoconstrictor. This study evaluated the impact of preoperative anxiolytics and vasoconstrictors in local anesthetic agents on pulpal oxygen saturation. Methods. Thirty anxious young healthy individuals with a mean age of 24 years were randomly selected using the Corahs Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS). After checking the vital signs the initial pulpal oxygen saturation (initial SpO2) was measured using a pulse oximeter. Oral midzolam was administered at a dose of 7.5 mg. After 30 min, the vital signs were monitored and the pulpal oxygen saturation (anxiolytic SpO2) was measured. A total of 1.5 mL of 2% lidocaine with 1:200000 epinephrine was administered as buccal infiltration anesthesia and 10 min the final pulpal oxygen saturation (L.A SpO2) was measured. Results. The mean initial (SpO2) was 96.37% which significantly decreased to 90.76% (SpO2) after the administration of the anxiolytic agent. This drop was later accentuated to 85.17% (SpO2) after administration of local anesthetic solution. Statistical significance was set at P<0.0001. Conclusion. High concentrations of irritants may permeate dentin due to a considerable decrease in the pulpal blood flow from crown or cavity preparation. Therefore, maintaining optimal blood flow during restorative procedures may prevent pulpal injury.
PubMed | Lala Diwan Chand Hospital, ITS Dental College and Consultant Dental Surgeon
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016
Chronic inflammatory periodontal diseases i.e. gingivitis and periodontitis are one of the most common afflictions faced by human beings. Dental plaque, which is a pool of pathogenic microorganisms, remains to be current mainstay in etiopathogenesis. Dental calculus, which is a mineralized product of this plaque remains ignored and is considered merely as an ash heap of minor significance. However, the intriguing array in disease etiopathogenesis bulldozed researchers to suspect the role of calculus in disease chrysalis but still the viability of bacteria inside calculus and thus its pathogenicity remains an intricacy; the answer to which lies in the Pandoras Box.The present study was undertaken to investigate the viability of bacteria within dental calculus along with their identification. Also, to classify dental calculus on the basis of mineralization and to observe the variation of viable microflora found in dental calculus with the extent of mineralization and disease severity.A total of 60 samples were obtained, by harvesting two samples of supragingival calculus from each patient having chronic inflammatory periodontal disease. These samples were divided into two groups (Group A and Group B). Samples of Group A were kept non-irradiated and samples of Group B were exposed to UV radiation. The samples were categorized into less, moderately and highly mineralized according to the force required for crushing them. All the crushed calculus samples were then divided into three parts. These were used for dark-field microscopy, gram staining and bacterial cultures. Bacterial identification of the cultures obtained was also carried out by performing various biochemical assays.The present study revealed the presence of motile spirochaetes within the samples under dark-field microscope. Gram staining revealed presence of numerous gram positive cocci and gram negative bacilli. Bacterial cultures showed growth of variety of aerobic and capnophilic microorganisms.The present study concludes the presence of viable aerobic and capnophilic bacteria inside dental calculus which may reside within the lacunae and channels in the calculus.
PubMed | Hospital & Research Center, Kd Dental College & Hospital, Darshan Dental College & Hospital and Consultant Dental Surgeon
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral biology and craniofacial research | Year: 2015
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the apical extrusion of debris and irrigant using various rotary instruments with crown down technique in the instrumentation of root canals.Thirty freshly extracted human permanent straight rooted mandibular premolars with minimum root curvature of 0-10 were divided in three groups with 10 teeth in each group. Each group was instrumented using one of the three rotary instrumentation systems: Rotary Hero shapers, Rotary ProTaper and Rotary Mtwo. One ml of sterile water was used as an irrigant after using each instrument. Debris extruded was collected in pre weighed glass vials and the extruded irrigant was measured quantitatively by Myers and Montgomery method and was later evaporated. The weight of the dry extruded debris was calculated by comparing the pre and post instrumentation weight of glass vials for each group.Statistical analysis was done by using by a Kruskal-Wallis One-way ANOVA test.Statistical analysis showed that all the rotary instruments used in this study caused apical extrusion of debris and irrigant. A Statistically significant difference was observed with Rotary ProTaper and Rotary Mtwo groups when compared with Rotary Hero shapers. But no significant difference was observed between Rotary ProTaper and Rotary Mtwo groups.After instrumentation with different rotary instruments, Hero shapers showed a less apical extrusion of debris and irrigant.
PubMed | JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital and Consultant Dental Surgeon
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral biology and craniofacial research | Year: 2015
After years of relegation by dental implants, autotransplantation has recently become more popular because of a better understanding of its science. The prognosis of autotransplantation primarily depends upon the presence of an intact alveolar bone at the transplant site and the regeneration of a functional periodontal ligament of the transplant. Replacement of an unsalvaged or a missing tooth by a natural tooth with normal periodontium within a short duration of treatment is the ultimate challenge of autotransplantation. Meanwhile, Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) is popular as a biomaterial which helps in the regeneration of bone and periodontal tissues. To improve the prognosis, and also shorten the treatment time in a rare case of autotransplantation of an impacted tooth in a post-odontoma site, we did a two-stage surgical procedure aided by synthetic bone granules (Biograft) and PRF. The clinical and radiological findings at 6 months follow-up showed good result and promise.