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PubMed | Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital And Research Center and Oxford Dental College Hospital and Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology | Year: 2015

The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past decades. Age, genetic factors, activity level, body weight, eating habits, medications, and hereditary factors are some of the causes of obesity. It is a risk factor for several chronic health conditions, as well as being associated with increased mortality. Obesity has also been associated with oral diseases, particularly with periodontal disease.The objective was to assess the periodontal status of obese and nonobese young individuals in colleges of Bangalore city.A cross-sectional study was undertaken to assess the periodontal status of 16-34-year-old obese individuals in colleges of Bangalore City. The students and staff of preuniversity and Degree Colleges of Bangalore City aged below 35 years were considered in the study. Data regarding demographic factors, oral hygiene habits, and dental visits were collected through a questionnaire. Periodontal status was examined using community periodontal index (CPI). Subjects were examined for weight and height as well as periodontal status.It was observed that pocket 4-5 mm (CPI Code 3) is significantly higher among obese when compared to nonobese with P < 0.001 and loss of attachment 4-5 mm (Loss of Attachment Code 1) is significantly higher in obese when compared to nonobese with P < 0.001.The results described earlier and related research indicate that obesity may have potential for periodontal disease among young and/or those lacking oral health care.

Devanoorkar A.,Oxford Dental College Hospital and Research Center
Disease markers | Year: 2012

Resistin and adiponectin are the adipokines secreted by adipocytes and various inflammatory cells. These adipokines are known to play an important role in insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to determine the serum resistin levels in periodontal health and disease and also, to determine the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on its levels. A total of 40 patients (20 Males and 20 Females; age range 20-50 years) participated in the study. Subjects were categorized as healthy (group 1; Controls) and chronic periodontitis (group 2; Study) groups based on their periodontal status. Periodontal parameters (Plaque index (PI), Gingival index (GI), Bleeding index (BI), Probing pocket depth (PPD), Clinical attachment loss (CAL)) together with serum resistin levels were assessed at baseline and between 6-8 weeks following nonsurgical periodontal therapy for subjects in group 2 and only at baseline in group 1. Sera were tested in duplicate (single run), and the results were averaged. Study group showed higher (1.89 ± 1.83 ng/ml) serum resistin levels, compared to control group (1.35 ± 0.70 ng/ml). However, this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.227). Also, resistin levels decreased following nonsurgical periodontal therapy but, this decrease failed to show any statistical significance, with pretreatment levels being 1.89 ± 1.83 ng/ml and post treatment levels being 1.59 ± 1.01 ng/ml (P = 0.386). Observations of the present study revealed that there was not much difference in the serum resistin levels between the cases and the controls. Also the decrease in the resistin levels following nonsurgical periodontal therapy did not show any statistical significance.

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