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Leverkusen, Germany

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC-ICT-2011.6.8 | Award Amount: 3.54M | Year: 2011

PowerUp aims to develop the Vehicle-2-Grid (V2G) interface, involving a full development cycle of physical/link-layer specification, charging control protocol design, prototyping, conformance testing, field trials, and standardisation. Its results will ensure that FEVs smoothly integrate into emerging smart-grid networks. Thereby the efficiencies resulting from robust grid operation may be achieved; V2G capabilities will smoothen the daily fluctuation of electricity demand and will enable FEVs to act as emergency energy supplies. To achieve these desired results, it is essential that any electric vehicle type would be compatible with any European smart-grid network.\n\nV2G technology will be developed in liaison with the ongoing ISO/IEC standardisation of the V2G interface, and it will extend existing smart-metering standards and ETSI ITS standards for vehicular communications. On the grid side, smart electric meters will be enhanced for V2G capability and V2G-specific demand-balancing control algorithms will be researched. The specification phase will synthesise requirements of both vehicle manufacturers and utility operators. The produced V2G adapter prototypes will undergo conformance testing and field trials. The testing part will also cover safety and security aspects. The field trial activities will demonstrate end-to-end integration with the chain of smart-grid control systems. These trials will be furthermore complemented by simulations of larger V2G uptake rates, which assess V2G impact on grid stability and robustness.\n\nThe validated PowerUp results will be contributed into standardisation, completing the overall R&D cycle. We aim to ensure industrial consensus on V2G interface, and carefully trial V2G implementations in a realistic integrated environment. PowerUp partners are capable of follow-up project results deployment; its impact will facilitate reaching FEVs full potential economic and environmental benefits.

DENSO International America, Inc. has invested in TriLumina Corp., a semiconductor laser technology company that focuses on providing light sources for LiDAR and interior illumination products. DENSO is looking to speed up the adoption of LiDAR and driver monitoring technologies in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and in autonomous vehicles. This strategic investment will enable TriLumina to gain broader access to the automotive market. The laser technology company also received an investment last year from Caterpillar Ventures. TriLumina has developed eye-safe semiconductor lasers that are among the most versatile laser illuminator solutions available in the market. TriLumina is hoping to accelerate the automotive industry’s adoption of semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles by providing lasers for 100% solid-state LiDAR products and advanced driver monitoring systems (DMS). In addition to LiDAR and DMS in ADAS, TriLumina is targeting depth sensing and gesture control for the industrial robotics, commercial and consumer electronics markets. It’s critical to work with leading Tier 1 suppliers like DENSO as we introduce and deploy technology that will shape the automotive industry for years to come. It’s a tremendous endorsement of our technology to have DENSO engage as one of our Tier 1 partners, work with us to become qualified, and help fuel development. TriLumina has developed unique architecture for two-dimensional arrays of Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs) that allow for simultaneous high-power output and high-bandwidth modulation. The arrays use integrated micro-lenses for beam shaping and control, and to enable incoherent beam combining to make compact, high-brightness sources with low coherence noise. In our approach to VCSEL array technology we use flip-chip bonding that employs a sub-mount. Here, the VCSEL die is constructed in gallium arsenide, then flip-chip bonded to a ceramic or silicon sub-mount that has patterned metal on its surface. Each of the individual VCSEL elements that make up the array is formed by a mesa structure … The anodes of the individual VCSEL elements are connected to the common sub-mount anode pad via solder bumps that are reflowed to the anode metallization of the sub-mount. The VCSEL elements are designed to emit light through the back of the substrate at wavelengths in the 905 to 980 nm range. A useful feature of this approach is that micro-lenses can be etched in the emission side of the substrate. These can be used to collimate and/or manipulate the combined array of light beams. The cathode side of the array is connected to the common cathode of the sub-mount by a set of common shorted solder bumps. The metal patterns of the sub-mount are arranged to form an impedance-matched electrical waveguide structure … This enables the array to be modulated at higher speeds than could be obtained if the VCSEL elements were added as discrete, individual parts … The ability to integrate micro-lenses into the emission side of the laser die provides a powerful capability for beam shaping and manipulation. TriLumina’s VCSEL configuration, with light passing through the substrate in a back-emitting design that is coupled with high-speed circuits, results in a smaller, less-expensive laser source well-suited to requirements of flash lidar applications, explained John Joseph, TriLumina founder, in a 2015 article in Laser Focus World. Flash LiDAR uses high-speed pulsed laser flashes, and triggers a time that counts the time it takes for each pixel of a focal plane array or timed camera to respond to the infrared light pulse. DENSO’s Silicon Valley office actively works with startup companies, and through these types of partnerships expects to gain access to new technologies in the areas of autonomous drive, electric vehicles, transportation, batteries, and energy storage while also expanding DENSO’s overall presence and visibility within entrepreneurial networks.

« Tesla Model 3 reservations top 325,000; Tesla projects average price ~$43,000 | Main | DENSO invests in semiconductor laser technology startup TriLumina; speeding up LiDAR adoption for ADAS, autonomous driving » The California Energy Commission has released a $17.3-million solicitation (GFO-15-605) for publicly accessible hydrogen refueling stations that serve California’s light duty fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). The Energy Commission will make available two categories of Capital Expense (Cap-X) funding. Operation and Maintenance (O&M) funding is also available for stations whose capital expenses are funded under this solicitation. This solicitation places a preference on hydrogen refueling stations that fill hydrogen refueling station coverage gaps and hydrogen refueling capacity gaps in California. The O&M support grant category is a first-come, first-served grant category. Applicants/projects meeting the minimum eligibility criteria for operation and maintenance support grants will be recommended for funding. Only stations receiving a Capital Expense (Cap-X) grant award under this solicitation are eligible for an O&M Support Grant under this solicitation. The Energy Commission expects to recommend funding for all O&M support grants supporting funded stations under this solicitation. The Cap-X grants are competitive grant competitions. Applicants passing administrative and technical screening will compete based on evaluation criteria, and will be scored based on those criteria. The highest ranked, eligible applications will be recommended for funding. The Energy Commission strongly prefers and encourages Applicants to expedite stations becoming operational to the greatest extent possible. Stations becoming operational within 20 months after approval will earn full funding incentives. An open retail hydrogen refueling station has all of the following characteristics and meets all of the following requirements: The SAE J2601 H70-T40 open retail station shall conform to all applicable codes, regulations, and approved interface standards (fueling protocols, fuel quality, metrology, and permits). The SAE J2601 H70-T40 open retail station shall use a public point of sale terminal that accepts major credit, debit, and fleet cards. The SAE J2601 H70-T40 open retail station shall be open to the public, meaning no access cards or personal identification (PIN) codes are required for the station to dispense fuel, and no formal or registered station training shall be required for individuals to use the hydrogen refueling station. The SAE J2601 H70-T40 open retail station shall meet all of the minimum technical requirements. The open retail hydrogen refueling station funded under this solicitation shall remain functioning for a minimum of five years after becoming open retail.

« ClipperCreek introduces new power-sharing EV charging stations; Share2 | Main | DENSO looks to increase holding in FUJITSU TEN, making it a group company » Ford is acquiring Chariot, a San Francisco-based crowd-sourced shuttle service, and is collaborating with bike-sharing provider Motivate to launch Ford GoBike, expanding its transportation solutions in city centers. Ford also is establishing a new City Solutions team to work with cities around the world on their transportation needs. Ford’s acquisition of Chariot, subject to normal customary closing conditions, will serve as the cornerstone for its new global shuttle services business. The shuttle service is expected to be expanded beyond San Francisco to at least five additional markets in the next 18 months. Started in 2014, Chariot operates nearly 100 Ford Transit shuttles along 28 routes throughout San Francisco Bay Area. Today, Chariot’s routes are crowd-sourced based on rider demand. In the future, they will operate dynamically—using data algorithms to map efficient routes to best serve the real-time mobility needs of communities. The Chariot shuttles complement mass transit by filling the gap between taxi and bus services, providing an on-demand, point-to-point transportation option that is convenient, efficient and cost-effective. For every one dynamic shuttle that is placed into service during peak travel times, urban congestion could be reduced by up to 25 fewer vehicles, according to a private study for Ford conducted by KPMG. Bikes are another important mode of transportation for commuters in the San Francisco Bay Area. Ford and Motivate, a global leader in bike share, are working with city officials to add new stations and increase the number of bikes to 7,000 in the Bay Area by the end of 2018. When it launches next year, Ford GoBike will be accessed by users through the FordPass platform. Ford plans to develop technologies to use data collected from the bikes to build an interconnected mobility network. This could include real-time data, such as weather conditions, usage patterns and bike availability, to optimize commutes. We’re expanding our business to be both an auto and a mobility company, and partnering with cities on current and future transportation needs is the next major step. For more than 100 years, Ford has been part of the community and the trusted source for automotive transportation. Now, we want to work with communities to offer even more transportation choices and solutions for people – for decades to come. Today, half the world’s population lives in cities. By 2030, that number is expected to grow to 60 percent. As city populations grow, the challenges tied to moving people and goods around become tougher. Ford is committed to being part of the solution. Cities globally are dealing with increased congestion, a growing middle class and environmental issues—all of which can be alleviated by developing mobility solutions fine-tuned to the unique challenges of each location. At the same time, by expanding our business model to include new forms of transportation—from bikes to dynamic shuttles and more—we are introducing new customers to Ford and creating new revenue and profit opportunities for the future. Ford also is establishing its new City Solutions team to work with cities on expanding mobility services worldwide as part of Ford Smart Mobility LLC. John Kwant—who has worked with several global cities during his Ford career as part of the company’s government affairs and global strategy teams—has been tapped to lead the effort as vice president, Ford City Solutions. The team will address the reality that each city’s transportation ecosystem has evolved over time and poses a unique set of transportation challenges. Through a joint discovery process, Ford City Solutions will work with municipalities to propose, pilot and develop mobility solutions tailored to the community. Discussions are already under way with several global cities.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC.SST.2011.7-10. | Award Amount: 3.57M | Year: 2012

The V-FEATHER project presents a complete electric vehicle architecture vision on how urban light duty vehicles will be designed, built and run in the near future. This project is led by industrial partners with emphasis on energy efficiency, commercial viability, life cycle design and development of new technologies for LDVs steered by leading research institutes. The vehicle is built around an active adaptive structural architecture (ADAPTecture) that replaces the platform concept with a modular building block concept. The functional modules are part of the vehicle structure itself thus reducing the frame weight and add their own power and energy units which can be shared. This increases the payload capacity and the available power to weight ratio of the vehicle can be controlled. As the weight distribution and structural integrity changes when a payload module is added or removed, active vehicle dynamics are incorporated through a modular actively controlled reconfigurable structure, collapsible body panels, active suspension modules incorporating in-hub motors and modular battery pack systems. A High-level control architecture controls the vehicle dynamics, active safety, power and energy requirements and driver interaction. The specifications of these modular LDV are based on a radical new Deposit, Rapid Recharge and Recollect (D3R) system for urban freight, last mile delivery, freight security and tracking. The modular vehicle is able to drop off modules for delivery, recharging and collection later while continuing a freight run. This varying payload structure and vehicle footprint allows the LDV to function in the entirety of the supply chain run. Dynamic charging (while moving) can be carried out using available infrastructures. The D3R concept could theoretically allow 24 hour running without a single charge pause. A complete prototype vehicle with a cab and payload module will be developed during the project to validate and test the new concepts.

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