Defiance, OH, United States
Defiance, OH, United States

Defiance College, located in Defiance, Ohio, USA, is an independent, co-educational liberal arts college affiliated with the United Church of Christ. The campus includes eighteen buildings and access to the 200-acre Thoreau Wildlife Sanctuary.Defiance College advertises its national recognition for its programs of service and engagement. Defiance College is also in Colleges With a Conscience from Princeton Review and Campus Compact. In 2013 was a President’s Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll Finalist.Its mission statement emphasizes "experience of engagement". It hosts the McMaster School for Advancing Humanity, which permits students to participate in projects "to improve the human condition". It also has a campus/community initiative, its "Service Leadership Program" and an honors curriculum, the Carolyn M. Small Honors Program and the Hench Autism Studies Program, which focuses on late adolescence and early adulthood. Wikipedia.

Time filter

Source Type

Strassman B.K.,The College of New Jersey | Schirmer B.,Defiance College
Remedial and Special Education | Year: 2013

The purpose of this review of the research on writing instruction with deaf students was to determine which findings offer evidence for effective practice. The authors used a framework of critical elements developed from research on hearing writers as a set of findings to which they compared the findings with deaf writers. They identified 16 studies of writing instruction over the past 25 years. Research on approaches for teaching writing to hearing students fell into four categories: teaching the process approach, instruction on characteristics of quality writing, writing for content learning, and feedback. Although all of the studies on teaching writing to deaf students fell into one of these categories, outcomes were equivocal and the evidence for practice is at best promising. They conclude that rigorous research is acutely needed so that writing instruction can be better informed by research findings. © Hammill Institute on Disabilities 2012.

News Article | February 17, 2017

The Community for Accredited Online Schools, a leading resource provider for higher education information, has ranked the best two- and four-year colleges with online programs in the state of Ohio for 2017. Among four-year schools a total of 41 made the list, with University of Akron, University of Toledo, University of Cincinnati, Ohio University and Ashland University coming in as the top five schools. The state’s top 18 two-year schools were also honored, with Sinclair College, Cincinnati State Technical and Community College, Belmont College, Edison State Community College and Columbus State Community College taking the top five spots. Schools were ranked based on over a dozen different data points. “Student enrollment in schools within the University System of Ohio has grown 8 percent over the past decade,” said Doug Jones, CEO and founder of “As more students pursue post-secondary degrees, the schools on our list are providing more flexible, high-quality learning opportunities outside the traditional classroom.” To be included on the Best Online Schools list, colleges must meet specific base requirements, including being institutionally accredited and public or private not-for-profit institutions. Each college is scored based on additional criteria that includes its employment and counseling resources, student/teacher ratios, graduation rates and financial aid availability. For more details on where each school falls in the rankings and the data and methodology used to determine the lists, visit: Ohio’s Best Online Four-Year Schools for 2017 include the following: Ashland University Baldwin Wallace University Bowling Green State University-Main Campus Case Western Reserve University Cedarville University Cleveland State University Defiance College Franciscan University of Steubenville Franklin University God’s Bible School and College Hiram College Kent State University at Kent Kent State University at Salem Kettering College Malone University Miami University-Oxford Mount Carmel College of Nursing Mount Saint Joseph University Mount Vernon Nazarene University Muskingum University Notre Dame College Ohio Christian University Ohio University-Main Campus Otterbein University Shawnee State University The University of Findlay Tiffin University Union Institute & University University of Akron Main Campus University of Cincinnati-Main Campus University of Dayton University of Mount Union University of Northwestern Ohio University of Rio Grande University of Toledo Urbana University Ursuline College Walsh University Wright State University-Lake Campus Wright State University-Main Campus Youngstown State University Ohio’s Best Online Two-Year Schools for 2017 include the following: Belmont College Bowling Green State University-Firelands Central Ohio Technical College Cincinnati State Technical and Community College Clark State Community College Columbus State Community College Cuyahoga Community College Edison State Community College Hocking College Lakeland Community College Lorain County Community College Marion Technical College North Central State College Northwest State Community College Rhodes State College Sinclair College Stark State College University of Akron Wayne College ### About Us: was founded in 2011 to provide students and parents with quality data and information about pursuing an affordable, quality education that has been certified by an accrediting agency. Our community resource materials and tools span topics such as college accreditation, financial aid, opportunities available to veterans, people with disabilities, as well as online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning programs that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational success.

Kutovaya O.A.,Bowling Green State University | Kutovaya O.A.,Environment Canada | McKay R.M.L.,Bowling Green State University | Beall B.F.N.,Bowling Green State University | And 5 more authors.
Harmful Algae | Year: 2012

For almost two decades, the western basin of Lake Erie has been plagued with recurring toxic algal blooms dominated by the colonial cyanobacterium, Microcystis spp. Since the Maumee River is a major source of nutrients and sediment inputs into the lake, and Microcystis spp. has been identified as a member of the upstream river algal assemblage, the possibility exists that the river Microcystis species serve as a seed population for the toxic blooms occurring in the lake. Genetic profiling of toxic cyanobacteria using the microcystin synthesis gene, mcyA, clearly indicates that the toxic cyanobacteria of the river are distinct from the toxic Microcystis spp. of Lake Erie. Indeed, mcyA sequences are almost exclusively from toxic Planktothrix spp., similar to what has been documented previously for Sandusky Bay. UniFrac statistical analysis of cyanobacterial community composition by comparison of 16S-23S ITS sequences also show that the Maumee River and Lake Erie communities are distinct. Overall, these data show that despite the importance of nutrient inputs and sediments from the river, the toxic cyanobacterial blooms of Lake Erie do not originate from toxic species endemic to the Maumee River and instead must originate elsewhere, most likely from the lake sediments. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Munawar M.,Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans | Fitzpatrick M.,Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans | Munawar I.F.,Plankton Canada | Niblock H.,Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans | Kane D.,Defiance College
Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management | Year: 2012

Large freshwater and marine ecosystems suffer from a variety of anthropogenic stressors which include eutrophication, chemical contamination, coastal degradation and overexploitation of fisheries to name only a few. Attempts at remediation are often confounded by the multitude of local, regional, national and international governments and agencies that exercise jurisdiction over smaller parts of these ecosystems. In the North American Great Lakes, there exists a (nearly) 40 year track record for international cooperation in managing anthropogenic stressors that emphasizes sound ecosystem based science. Among these efforts was the designation of 42 severely polluted coastal regions as Areas of Concern (AoCs) which were deemed to have at least 1 of 14 possible Beneficial Use Impairments. The Bay of Quinte, Lake Ontario, is one AoC with 10 listed impairments. We used a "battery of tests" strategy to assess the health of the bay with respect to the impairments of "eutrophication or undesirable algae" and "degradation of phytoplankton and zooplankton communities" in the bay. This strategy integrates structural, functional and chemical parameters into established ecosystem health models. The results of the battery of tests showed continued eutrophication of the bay and not coincidentally, continued degradation of the phytoplankton community. We also found that point sources of phosphorous do not account for all of the (pelagic) primary production observed in the bay and suggest that non-point sources of phosphorous contribute significantly to eutrophication. Our results further suggest that the battery of tests strategy is a sensitive science-based tool for assessing ecosystem health. These tests could also be applied to the evaluation of ecosystem health in other Great Lakes AoCs as well as large lakes and marine environments where cultural eutrophication is a problem. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

News Article | February 15, 2017

The year 1967 will always be remembered as a very turbulent time in America. It marked a period of uncertainty, social unrest, and violent acts which greatly wounded society. Author Alton J. Myers lived through this time as retold in his new historical fiction novel based on true events, “Sizzlin’ Summer Surprise.” Myers’ book looks back at the riot that occurred in Detroit during the summer of 1967. It follows the exploits of a teacher (Myers) doing graduate study, who gets thrown into the thick of the outbreak along with his friends. “Sizzlin’ Summer Surprise” conveys the thrilling adventure brought into the lives of those who lived the days of the 1967 Detroit Riot. Though it is fiction, much truth is contained in the core message of the book. “I was there during the Detroit Riot and saw it firsthand. At the time, I was a high school teacher,” said Myers. “I want to enlighten readers about the importance of the events that took place and are covered in my book.” With its compelling narrative, readers will realize why the summer of 1967 in Detroit changed the lives of many. To view the book trailer, please click here: “Sizzlin’ Summer Surprise” and to learn more please visit: About the author Author Alton J. Myers is a native of Ohio, born and raised on a farm. He first became a science and mathematics teacher after receiving a B.S. in Education degree from The Defiance College in northwest Ohio and holds a Master of Arts degree from Bowling Green State University. Additional studies took Myers to the University of Detroit to study atomic and nuclear physics during the summer that the riots occurred in 1967. After 13 years of teaching high school, Myers received a Master of Divinity degree from the University of Dubuque Theological Seminary and was a pastor for over 21-years at three different Presbyterian churches in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. After retiring, Myers focused on writing his first novel, “Calico Dance.” From farm life, to teacher, to pastor, to author, Myers has always sought to follow a dream, a vision, and a calling he has felt was important to each stage of his life. Myers lives in Defiance, OH.

Kane D.D.,Defiance College | Conroy J.D.,Ohio State University | Conroy J.D.,Inland Fisheries Research Unit | Peter Richards R.,Heidelberg University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Great Lakes Research | Year: 2014

Both abiotic and biotic explanations have been proposed to explain recent recurrent nuisance/harmful algal blooms in the western basin and central basin of Lake Erie. We used two long-term (>. 10. years) datasets to test (1) whether Lake Erie total phytoplankton biomass and cyanobacterial biomass changed over time and (2) whether phytoplankton abundance was influenced by soluble reactive phosphorus or nitrate loading from agriculturally-dominated tributaries (Maumee and Sandusky rivers). We found that whereas total phytoplankton biomass decreased in Lake Erie's western basin from 1970 to 1987, it increased starting in the mid-1990s. Total phytoplankton and cyanobacterial seasonal (May-October) arithmetic mean wet-weight biomasses each significantly increased with increased water-year total soluble reactive phosphorus load from the Maumee River and the sum of soluble reactive phosphorus load from the Maumee and Sandusky rivers, but not for the Sandusky River alone during 1996-2006. During this same time period, neither total phytoplankton nor cyanobacterial biomass was correlated with nitrate load. Consequently, recently increased tributary soluble reactive phosphorus loads from the Maumee River likely contributed greatly to increased western basin and (central basin) cyanobacterial biomass and more frequent occurrence of harmful algal blooms. Managers thus must incorporate the form of and source location from which nutrients are delivered to lakes into their management plans, rather than solely considering total (both in terms of form and amount) nutrient load to the whole lake. Further, future studies need to address the relative contributions of not only external loads, but also sources of internal loading. © 2014 International Association for Great Lakes Research.

Conroy J.D.,Ohio State University | Kane D.D.,Defiance College | Briland R.D.,Ohio State University | Culver D.A.,Ohio State University
Journal of Great Lakes Research | Year: 2014

Recurrent, massive cyanobacterial blooms composed mainly of the genus Microcystis indicate a broad-scale re-eutrophication of Lake Erie. In the past, ameliorating eutrophication relied on intentionally decreasing point-source tributary nutrient, especially phosphorus, loads to the lake. However, recent research has shown that tributaries load not only nutrients but also bloom-levels of phytoplankton, including Microcystis. We built on this previous work by sampling earlier in the year and in much smaller tributaries in both the Maumee and Sandusky systems. We found Microcystis wet biomasses in these tributaries averaged 3.16. mg/L (±. 0.59. mg/L, one standard error of the mean) in 2009 and 3.42. mg/L (±. 0.55. mg/L) in 2010. Importantly, we found Microcystis in small ditches in March, much earlier than previously observed. Microcystis biomass did not directly correspond to measured phosphorus, chlorophyll, or phycocyanin concentrations likely reflecting complexities associated with lagged physiological responses and/or non-linear growth relationships. Consequently, our findings emphasize that Microcystis blooms form a more broad-scale problem than previously documented, occurring far upstream much earlier in the year. © 2014 International Association for Great Lakes Research.

Bridgeman T.B.,University of Toledo | Chaffin J.D.,University of Toledo | Kane D.D.,Defiance College | Conroy J.D.,Ohio State University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Great Lakes Research | Year: 2012

The Maumee River is an important source of phosphorus (P) loading to western Lake Erie and potentially a source of Microcystis seed colonies contributing to the development of harmful algal blooms in the lake. Herein, we quantified P forms and size fractions, and phytoplankton community composition in the river-lake coupled ecosystem before (June), during (August), and after (September) a large Microcystis bloom in 2009. Additionally, we determined the distribution and density of a newly emergent cyanobacterium, Lyngbya wollei, near Maumee Bay to estimate potential P sequestration. In June, dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) was the most abundant P form whereas particulate P (partP) was most abundant in August and September. Green algae dominated in June (44% and 60% of total chlorophyll in river and lake, respectively) with substantial Microcystis (17%) present only in the river. Conversely, in August, Microcystis declined in the river (3%) but dominated (32%) the lake. Lake phytoplankton sequestered <6% of water column P even during peak Microcystis blooms; in all lake samples <112μm non-algal particles dominated partP. Lyngbya density averaged 19.4gdrywt/m 2, with average Lyngbya P content of 15% (to 75% maximum) of water column P. The presence of Microcystis in the river before appearing in the lake indicates that the river is a potential source of Microcystis seed colonies for later lake blooms, that DOP is an important component of early summer total P, and that L. wollei blooms have the potential to increase P retention in nearshore areas. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Gunsch G.,Defiance College | Stockman J.,Defiance College
2014 IEEE Canada International Humanitarian Technology Conference, IHTC 2014 | Year: 2014

Defiance College is a four-year, liberal arts-based college located in Defiance, Ohio, USA. The culture of the college is characterized by a relentless emphasis on service learning. The college's core curriculum emphasizes critical reasoning, problem solving and communication skills development, focused on addressing world issues. The college is also home to the McMaster School for Advancing Humanity, a unique research program serving as a focal point for teaching, service, scholarship, and action to improve the human condition, both locally and internationally through the application of community-based research. Recently, a new major in Design has been established that focuses on creating objects to inform, assist, facilitate and benefit the daily lives of people. In the 3D concentration of the major, students fabricate objects close-to-hand using human-centered design principles informed by industrial design. Through the McMaster School, students majoring in Design will be afforded rich opportunities to perform need-driven design for underserved communities. This paper explores several such potential applications. It is intended to facilitate dialog and identify opportunities for collaboration with others in academia and industry. © 2014 IEEE.

Chaffin J.D.,Ft Stone Laboratory | Kane D.D.,Ft Stone Laboratory | Kane D.D.,Defiance College
Journal of Great Lakes Research | Year: 2010

Traditional lake eutrophication models predict lower phosphorus concentrations with decreased external loads. However, in lakes where decreased external phosphorus loads are accompanied by increasing phosphorus concentrations, a seeming "trophic paradox" exists. Western Lake Erie is an example of such a paradox. Internal phosphorus loads may help explain this paradox. We examined bioturbation and bioirrigation created from burrowing mayfly, Hexagenia spp., as a possible source of internal phosphorus loading. Phosphorus concentrations of experimental microcosms containing lake sediments, filtered lake water, and nymphs (417/m2) collected from western Lake Erie were compared to control microcosms containing sediments and lake water over a 7-day period. Phosphorus concentrations in microcosms containing Hexagenia were significantly greater than microcosms without nymphs. Further, we estimate the soluble reactive phosphorus flux from the sediments due to Hexagenia is 1.03 mg/m2/day. Thus, Hexagenia are a source of internal phosphorus loading. High densities of Hexagenia nymphs in western Lake Erie may help explain the "trophic paradox." Furthermore, Hexagenia may be a neglected source of internal phosphorus loading in any lake in which they are abundant. Future studies of phosphorus dynamics in lakes with Hexagenia must account for the ability of these organisms to increase lake internal phosphorus loading. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Loading Defiance College collaborators
Loading Defiance College collaborators