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Naval Academy, United States

Hansen J.K.,Defense Resources Management Institute
Journal - American Water Works Association

Community water system regionalization (CWSR) provides a solution for small community water systems to the conundrum of large fixed costs and a small rate base. In practice, however, very few systems actually regionalize. Applying social welfare theory, this article estimates stakeholder benefits from CWSR. Results are reported for three New Mexico communities as case studies in which CWSR was hypothetically imposed. Benefits for consumers are non-negative across price scenarios, but in some cases producer benefits are negative. The findings suggest that reluctance to regionalize is not in consumers' economic interest but it may be for producers. Depending on the water price that follows CWSR and the savings achieved by economies of scale, consumers gain at producer expense. The results shed light on issues that policymakers should consider when evaluating the merits of CWSR. Producers' historic reluctance to impose CWSR may in fact be driven by economics. Source

Regnier E.,Defense Resources Management Institute | Simon J.,Defense Resources Management Institute | Nussbaum D.A.,Defense Resources Management Institute | Whitney L.K.,Defense Resources Management Institute
Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation

Fuel requirements on the battlefield impose direct costs associated with the resources necessary to transport the fuel and protect logistics assets, in addition to indirect energy security costs. Estimating the enterprise-wide demand for fuel associated with fuel consumption on the battlefield is a challenging, but necessary, step to making good decisions. This paper presents a modeling framework for estimating the enterprise-wide fuel requirements associated with a multistage fuel supply chain, demonstrating a multiplicative increase in fuel demand with additional stages, and examining the fuel impact of protecting the supply chain. © 2014 The Authors. Source

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